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How To Differentiate Good From Bad Quality Marijuana Buds

Many think they can tell the difference between good and bad-quality bud just by giving it a once-over, but there are certain nuances people don’t consider. In this guide, we’ll walk you through each distinction, and offer some key tips on how to grow premium-quality cannabis buds.

How to tell the difference between good and bad cannabis buds.

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It probably didn’t take long after you started smoking weed to realise the differences between cannabis buds. Despite how everyone claims their weed is top-notch, you’ve probably noticed when the flower just isn’t up to par. In contrast, when you’re holding quality cannabis, you know it right then and there.

To ensure you only buy the best buds, learning the differences between top-shelf fire from rugged brick weed is vital. You don’t need to be a connoisseur either, as the differentiating traits can be seen and smelled with no assistance. Learning the differences will help you browse the shelves, sure, but it’ll especially help you judge the plants in your own garden. That, in turn, will help you make any necessary adjustments.

Types of Cannabis Buds

Cannabis flowers can be categorised into various quality spectrums. You could be talking about stickiness, terpene profile, taste, texture, or an assortment of other factors. To keep things simple, we’ve narrowed things down to three basic categories: low, medium, and premium-quality bud.

Low-Quality

Low-quality cannabis has a sorry look to it, mostly because it travels long distances after being stuffed into small packages. Known rightly as “brick weed”, these buds often arrive at their destination as dense cubes.

Rarely grown for quality or with much care at all, the producers associated with this level of cannabis are purely profit-driven. Often a black market product, low-quality cannabis typically stems from south of both the US border and the European continent.

Of course, some home growers with the intention to sell may also accidentally produce cannabis of similar quality. Novice growers will often mess up during the process and leave themselves with dry, unremarkable buds.

The key signs of low-quality cannabis include:

Medium-Quality

Domestic growers all over the world mostly produce buds that fall into this category. These flowers are set apart from poor-quality cannabis thanks to their improved colouration, heightened scents, and overt flavours.

Most growers manage to dial in their nutrients, watering schedule, and environmental variables enough to produce cannabis of this quality. The most important factor, though, is putting pride and effort into their work.

If you’re looking for medium-quality bud, or simply trying to dodge the bad stuff, look for these traits:

Premium-Quality

High-grade. Top-shelf. Fire.

Premium-quality bud goes by many names, yet they all describe its immense flavour and mind-shattering effects. These buds are hard to come by outside of big cities and weed-growing areas. Generally, they’re the products of skilled farmers and master breeders in hotspots like Northern California, Spain, and the Netherlands.

You’ll find these nugget-like buds encased in jars on the shelves of reputable dispensaries and highly-rated coffeeshops. If you’re looking for the best buds money can buy, keep an eye out for the following:

How to Differentiate Good Buds From the Bad: A Guide

We hope the above generalisations make it easier to distinguish the quality of a given bud, but it can get a bit more complicated. Below, we’ll get into the nitty-gritty and inspect cannabis flowers a little closer.

Aroma

As we discussed before, aromatic molecules known as terpenes are responsible for said signature scent. Despite the similar undertone, though, most strains feature unique smells thanks to different concentrations of terpenes.

You’re probably familiar with the small, shiny structures on the surface of cannabis buds and sugar leaves. These mushroom-shaped glands—trichomes—pump out terpenes during the flowering stage.

You’ll know you’re dealing with good-quality weed when the olfactory wave of terpenes hits straight after opening your stash. While a pleasing scent and cannabis quality aren’t unconditionally connected, the former is a likely indication of the latter. Hints of flowers, fuel, earth, spices, sugar, fruit, citrus, and berries are among the most common aromas.

The quality of a strain’s terpene profile depends on several variables:

  • Genetics: Some strains are genetically equipped to pump out more aromatic terpenes than others, mostly due to selective breeding practices.
  • Drying and curing: Genetics only achieve so much. Correctly drying, curing, and storing cannabis will preserve the terpene profile and make for better-tasting buds.
  • The right nutrients: During the flowering stage, cannabis plants have a higher demand for potassium and phosphorus and less of a need for nitrogen. Get this balance right, and you’ll produce some fantastic-smelling flowers.
  • Living soil: A strong microbial population will help plants access all of the nutrients they need to develop an optimal terpene profile.
  • Companion planting: Many growers claim planting basil in close proximity to cannabis helps improve its smell.

Quick Growing Tip: Boosting terpenes will improve the overall smell and flavour of your plants. Select strains such as Lemon Shining Silver Haze and Haze Berry to start with a genetic advantage.

Colour

Although you can’t judge a book by its cover, you can definitely judge cannabis buds by their appearance. There are many factors that indicate quality to a trained eye, and colour is one of the most important.

Of course, cannabis flowers come in an array of different hues of purple, orange, green, and red. It isn’t so much the colour that gives away quality, but more so the vibrancy. See, healthy and well-grown cannabis flowers have a bright and shiny look to them.

Such vibrancy signals good genetics, solid growing techniques, and adequate curing and storage. In contrast, poor-quality cannabis appears matte, dull, and pallid. These buds are often dark green to brown, pale, and ultimately unappealing.

Quick Growing Tip: Flushing plants at the right moment will prevent excess nutrients from accumulating in flowers and eliminate nutrient burn.

Additional Tip: Play around with genetics and temperature to grow purple weed! Start with genetics like Purple Queen to increase your chances of success.

Orange/Brown Pistils

Upon looking closely at the surface of cannabis flowers, you’ll come across a miniature landscape—valleys, peaks, and all—made up of different glands, organs, and structures. Among the scenery, the pistils protrude the most.

These hair-like tendrils are the sex organ of the female cannabis flower, serving as the receiver of male pollen. Once this genetic dust makes contact, the flower becomes fertile and swiftly goes to seed.

Away from their biological role, pistils serve as useful progress markers. During the early flowering stage, these reproductive parts boast a brilliant whiteness. As the weeks go by, their appearance turns to a solid dark orange.

You should always look for deep orange pistils when eyeing up buds. Harvest should ideally take place when at least 70% of the hairs turn this colour. This indicates the buds are ripe, mature, and ready for snipping. Flowers with mostly white pistils signal immature cannabis. Left a while longer, these flowers will mature and unleash a complete cannabinoid and terpene profile.

Quick Growing Tip: Harvest at the right moment, ensuring pistils are the right colour at the right time. You’ll need to be patient when cultivating strains like Amnesia Haze, as they have a slightly longer flowering time.

Crystals/Resin

Trichomes are the most abundant feature on the surface of good-quality flowers. To the naked eye, they appear as a fine layer of crystals that shimmer under torchlight or the flame of a lighter.

These mushroom-shaped structures feature a bulbous head atop a narrow stalk. In this head, specialised cells tasked with resin production work tirelessly during the flowering phase. The resin exudes downward and gradually covers the majority of the surface of the flower. This resin—and its active phytochemicals—help guard buds against insect attacks and temperature extremes.

The substance contains a complex array of molecules. Those of interest to us include cannabinoids such as THC and CBD, along with terpenes like myrcene, pinene, and limonene. The more trichomes a flower possesses, the more resin it will produce. The more resin coating the surface of a bud, the more cannabinoids and terpenes sit ready to be combusted, vaporized, or chewed and swallowed.

You’ll be able to tell the trichome and resin content of a bud just by looking at it and holding it. Note how it glitters, the stickiness, and consider the resistance generated as you peel your fingertips from the flower.

Quick Growing Tip: Utilise environmental factors to boost trichome production. Strains such as ICE are genetically wired to develop high quantities of trichomes.

Dense/Fluffy

How buds feel in the hand says a lot about their quality. Every grower hopes for dense and heavy buds at the end of the growing season. These flowers simply hold more mass, look much healthier, and smoke smoother.

Grinding up dense cannabis flowers seems to almost double their size. Even a small chunk of a compact flower can grind down to fill a good-sized joint. In contrast, fluffy buds yield disappointment and less plant matter. These airy flowers are often the result of suboptimal growing conditions, a lack of light, or nutrient deficiency.

Fluffy buds don’t only look less appetising, but you’ll need to use more of your harvest every time you roll a blunt or hit a bowl. Dense buds will offer some resistance and spring back to their original shape. Airy buds will almost collapse in on themselves, and feel much more feeble to the touch.

Quick Tip: Sativa and indica flowers tend to look different; know what to look for when browsing.

Growing Tip: Utilise powerful lights to grow dense and compact flowers.

Seeds

The presence of seeds is never a sign of quality flowers. The very word sinsemilla—a name given to weed of exceptional quality—refers to flowers devoid of seeds.

Remember those protruding pistils we covered earlier? When pollen from a male plant lands on the tendrils, it starts a process of changing the biochemical activity of the cannabis flower. The plant diverts its energy and efforts away from producing sticky resin and towards making seeds instead.

Flowers with seeds don’t reach peak potency and maturity because the resources are swallowed up by reproductive efforts instead. Cannabis seeds also make flowers heavier, meaning you end up paying more for less flower. If you buy one gram of weed and find 200mg of seeds nested within, you’ve wasted money. That might not seem like much, but consider that across 50–100 purchases, and that’s a lot of lost bud.

Unnoticed seeds can also ruin a smoke session. Seeds pop when the flame of the joint hits them, disturbing your zen and sending harsh smoke into your lungs.

Quick Growing Tip: Learn how to avoid pollination to keep seeds out of your weed.

Stems

Smoking stems either boils down to an accident or an act of desperation. Stems contain minuscule levels of cannabinoids and produce a harsh smoke. However, the presence of stems in your bag doesn’t necessarily indicate bad weed.

Rather, it shows a rushed preparation process. Plus, you paid for that extra weight! When browsing your local dispensary or coffeeshop, avoid buds with excess stems. Alternatively, simply ask the budtender to trim them off before you buy them.

Quick Tip: They’re not as valuable as buds, but you can use stems to make a variety of homemade products, from hash to topicals.

Well-Trimmed vs Leafy

Trimming weed refers to removing the sugar leaves—small leaves that grow out of and around cannabis flowers. The presence of sugar leaves doesn’t automatically render cannabis poor-quality, but it can make a big difference.

Firstly, well-manicured buds simply look great. Trimming gives the bud a nice nugget-like appearance, and the aesthetic is a near-universal trait of premium-quality flowers.

Secondly, excess sugar leaves will impact the weight of the flower. You want to be paying for buds, not leaves. Finally, the presence of sugar leaves can cause issues during the curing process. Small pockets of moisture can build up, creating a breeding ground for pathogens and impacting the taste of the weed.

Quick Growing Tip: You can trim your weed either before or after drying it.

Even between cannabis buds of the same strain, quality varies. Click to learn how to tell the difference between low, medium, and premium-quality buds.

Why Does My Weed Taste Bad: 7 Reasons

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Weed is supposed to taste awesome. There are earthy, fruity, pungent, sweet, and all kinds of weed strains. There is nothing more rewarding that growing your own weed plants and then being able to smoke them.

However, what is not rewarding is when you spend months growing your own plants, only to have them taste really bad when you go to smoke them. It is certainly a big disappointment, something that you probably never want to repeat again.

7 Reasons Why Your Weed Tastes Bad

So, why does my weed taste bad? There are a number of reasons why this might be the case, but it’s probably one of these seven;

1. It has Not Been Flushed Properly

One reason why your weed might taste bad is because it was not flushed properly after it was grown. All weed plants have to be flushed once the flowering process is complete, before the drying and curing process begins. Flushing is the process where you stop feeding your pot plant nutrients and fertilizer for the last 2 weeks before harvesting. In other words, this is where you use nothing but plain water to feed your plant.

The purpose of this is to flush out all unwanted chemicals and traces of fertilizer that are in the plant. You have been using fertilizer and chemical nutrients to feed your plant, but these are not things which you can or should smoke. In fact, it can actually be quite poisonous.

Therefore your weed could taste bad because you, or whoever grew it, neglected to flush the plants for long enough, or at all, before the weed was harvested. It probably still has varying amounts of nutrients and fertilizer in it, which makes it taste really bad, and makes it very unhealthy too.

2. It Was Not Cured Properly

Another reason why your weed might not taste very good is because it was not cured properly. Curing is the process where you take the weed that has already been dried and harvested, and you let it sit in airtight glass jars for a few weeks.

Here, you have to open up the jars every day in order to let air in and let moisture out. This curing process is essential and it absolutely needs to be done if you expect your weed to taste good in the least.

Neglecting to cure weed results in buds that don’t smoke right or taste good either. The curing process not only enhances and betters the taste of your weed, but it also makes it much more potent. The curing process causes your weed to become much stronger as it cures, often doubling or tripling in potency in those few weeks of curing.

If you have not cured your weed properly, chances are that not only will it be really weak, but it is not going to taste very nice either.

3. It Could Be The Fertilizer, Nutrients, Or Soil

The next reason why your weed might taste really bad is due to the fertilizer and nutrients you used to grow it. Now, this is kind of hard to judge, as different brand names and quality levels of fertilizer and nutrients will result in different tastes. This is hard to judge, as it is something that you will really only know once you go to smoke the weed.

Our recommendation here is that you always buy high quality soil, fertilizer, and plant nutrients. The high quality stuff is designed to leave minimal residue and taste, which is what you are going for.

The bottom line here is that when you are growing your own weed, you should always use high quality components, such as good soil and fertilizer, as the overall result, taste, and potency will be much better than if you use subpar growing equipment.

4. It Could Just Be The Strain of Weed

The next reason why your weed does not taste the way you expected could be just due to the strain itself. Some weed is more potent than others, there is indica and sativa weed, and between them, there are literally thousands and thousands of strains. There are some strains of weed which are sweet and taste like candy, some are fruity, some taste like hay, some are earthy in taste, and so much more.

The fact of the matter is that there are thousands of weed strains out there for you to choose from. In other words, you might just not like the strain you grew or are smoking. Weed is like, well, snowflakes, kind of, in the sense that no two are the same. There are just going to be some that you like and some that you don’t like.

You might like the fruity ones more than the earthy ones, or the sweet ones more than the fruity ones. It really all comes down to a matter of personal preference here. We would recommend that you do some research and ensure that you will like the strain of weed you are planning to grow.

Go out, buy some, smoke it, and see what you think. We would recommend testing out 4 or 5 strains to see what they taste like before you start growing.

5. The Weed Might Be Moldy or Wet

Yet another reason why you might not be enjoying the taste of your weed is because it could be wet or moldy. Now, wet weed should really not taste that bad, but it certainly will not smoke right. However, what will affect the taste of the weed is if it has gotten moldy.

If your weed has not been dried, cured, or stored properly, or in other words, if it is still very moist, there is a very real possibility that the buds can develop mold.

Of course, mold is not good at all, because for one, it is very unhealthy. Smoking moldy weed can cause headaches, nausea, breathing issues, and in severe cases, lung infections. Whatever you do, never smoke moldy weed. In all reality, you should be able to tell if weed is moldy before you smoke it.

Just take a look at it to see if there are any mold spores on it. If you notice that your weed is moldy, do not smoke it, throw it out, as it is not going to taste good or be healthy for you in the least.

6. It’s Not Very Good Stuff

Ok, so you might just have weed that is bad. Yes, this happens, and it sucks when it does, but it does happen. Sometimes there are just strains of weed that are, well, bad.

It might be a matter of personal preference, or you might have grown some bush weed that just does not taste good.

For instance, many outdoor grown strains of weed are going to taste really earthy, kind of like hay, whereas indoor grown weed is usually fruitier and sweeter. Who knows, it could just be bad luck and that you got a strain that just isn’t great.

7. It Could Be Your Method Of Smoking

You could also be experiencing a bad taste when smoking due to your smoking method. We would recommend using a bong, otherwise known as a water pipe, a normal pipe, or a vape to get the job done.

If you don’t like the taste of your weed, it could be due to your rolling papers. Sometimes rolling papers cause the weed to taste bad, especially if you are using papers that have been bleached, colored, or flavored.

Conclusion

There you have it folks, 7 reasons why your weed tastes bad. It could be due to improper flushing or curing, it could be due to the nutrients and fertilizer you used, the method of smoking, or it could be because you just are not a fan of the specific strain you are smoking. Whatever the case may be, we hope that you can find some weed that suits your tastes!

If your weed tastes bad then it's probably due to these 7 reasons why and we explain how not to make the same mistakes when you grow again.