Roses That Produce Seeds
Roses produce seeds you can use to create new rose bushes. The flowers of your plant are actually converted into seed pods; not all rose plants create seed pods, though, and not all seed pods are viable. All natural varieties of rose create pods, but each plant may fail to produce seeds one or any years of its life.
Rose seeds come from rose hips that spawn from dead rose blooms. This means that you cannot remove all the flowers or dead blossoms from your plant if you want to harvest seeds. Keep an eye on your roses and be aware of when each variety you plant stops blooming. You must ensure that you quit removing dead blooms before that happens or you’ll lose your chance to get seeds.
Preparing for Seeds
When blooming season nears its end, start removing excess blooms to ensure that the rose isn’t overrun with seed pods fighting for attention; that can lead to nonviable seeds. Plan to finish pruning your roses in October. You want to remove enough of the blooms that the plant can allocate its resources to creating strong, viable seed pods. Remove any brown seed pods, since the seeds in those won’t be viable.
Watch the area directly below the old flower carefully. It will start as green but then often become red or orange as it swells. As long as it doesn’t turn brown, you can attempt to use the seeds. Simply pick these colored hips from the plant and take them inside the house to be stored. You must crack open the rose hip to remove the seeds. It’s OK to use a knife; the seeds are very hardy. Check if they’re viable by dropping them into a glass of water that has been mixed with a teaspoon of bleach. The seeds that float on top are less likely to germinate and should be discarded.
Choosing a Rose Plant
Because there are thousands of varieties of rose plants, choosing one can be overwhelming. The “About Face” plant (Rosa grandiflora) has lighter petals on the outside and a darker, more ruby color inside. If you want a shrubby rose as opposed to a bushy rose, try the “Cherry Parfait.” It can be grown in containers, too. The “Fourth of July” rose is perfect for those who want to cultivate climbing roses. It’s bright colors will be like fireworks on your property. Each plant produces seeds that can be harnessed to create more, similar roses.
- Santa Barbara Gardens: Best Roses for 2008
- Regan Nursery: About Face
- All American Rose Selections: Cherry Parfait
- All American Rose Selections: Fourth of July
Melly Parker has been writing since 2007, focusing on health, business, technology and home improvement. She has also worked as a teacher and a bioassay laboratory technician. Parker now serves as a marketing specialist at one of the largest mobile app developers in the world. She holds a Master of Science in English.
Roses That Produce Seeds. Roses produce seeds you can use to create new rose bushes. The flowers of your plant are actually converted into seed pods; not all rose plants create seed pods, though, and not all seed pods are viable. All natural varieties of rose create pods, but each plant may fail to produce seeds one …
Collecting Rose Seeds – How To Get Rose Seeds From A Rose Bush
By Stan V. Griep
American Rose Society Consulting Master Rosarian – Rocky Mountain District
For harvesting rose seeds, professional rose breeders or hybridizers control what pollen they want used to pollinate a specific rose bloom. By controlling the pollen used in the pollination process, they will know exactly who the parents of a new rose bush are. Out in our gardens we typically have no real clue as to whom both parents are since the bees or wasps do most of the pollinating for us. In some cases, the rose may pollinate itself. But when we know how to get seeds from a rose, we can then grow the rose seed and enjoy the delightful surprise that Mother Nature has created for us.
What Do Rose Seeds Look Like?
Once a rose bush has bloomed and the bloom visited by one of natures’ pollinators, or perhaps even the gardener attempting his or her own controlled breeding program, the area directly at the base of the rose bloom, called the ovary, will swell as the ovule (where the seeds are formed) begins the formation of the rose seeds. This area is referred to as the rose hip, also known as the fruit of the rose. The rose hips are where the rose seeds are contained.
Not all blooms will form rose hips and many are likely deadheaded before the rose hips can truly form up. Not doing any deadheading of the old rose blooms will allow the rose hips to form, which can then be harvested either to use the seeds inside to grow a new rose bush of your own or are used by some to make various delights, such as rose hip jelly.
Those that are harvested to grow a new rose bush have now begun the process known as rose propagation from seed.
How to Clean and Seed Rose Hips
The rose hips are typically collected in late summer or fall once they have ripened. Some of the rose hips turn red, yellow or orange to help tell us when they have ripened. Be sure to place the rose hips in well marked, separate containers when harvesting them so it is easy to tell which rose they came from. Knowing which rose bush the rose hips and rose seeds came from can be very important when the new rose seedlings come forth so that you know the variety of the parent rose. Once all of the rose hips have been harvested, it is time to process the seeds in them.
Cut each rose hip open carefully with a knife and dig out the seeds, again placing them in containers with the name of the rose bush they came from. Once the seeds have all been removed from the rose hips, rinse the seeds off to remove any of the pulp from the rose hips still on them.
With that, you are done harvesting rose seeds. You can store your rose bush seeds in a cool, dry place for a short period of time or start right away with preparing the seeds and growing roses from seed.
Learning how to get seeds from roses can be fun and easy.
When we know how to get seeds from a rose, we can then grow it and enjoy the delightful surprise that Mother Nature has created for us. Read this article to learn how to get seeds from roses.