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what is the difference between pot and weed

Hash vs. Weed

Both hashish and marijuana — also called weed, pot or ganja — are parts of the cannabis sativa plant. The major difference between the two is that the term “weed” usually applies to dried pieces of the plant, mainly flower buds, while hash is a paste from resin, or sap of the plant. Hash contains a higher concentration of psychoactive chemicals.

Comparison chart

Hashish versus Marijuana comparison chart
Hashish Marijuana
Introduction Hashish, often known as “hash”, is a cannabis product composed of compressed or purified preparations of stalked resin glands called trichomes. The dried and cured flowers of a female is a preparation of the cannabis plant intended for use as a psychoactive drug and as medicine.
Legality in the U.S. Illegal under U.S. federal law Schedule 1 drug under U.S. Federal Law. Medical cannabis is legal in 29 states including the territories of Guam and Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia. 8 states have legalized recreational use. (As of November 6th, 2017)
Derivation of Cannabis plant Cannabis plant
Ingestion Smoking, eating, vaporizing Insufflation: Combustion through pipes, bongs, wraps, cigarettes etc. Vaporization through vape pens. Edibles, creams, and transdermal patches are used.
Active ingredient Tetrahydrocannabinol Tetrahydrocannabinol
Form Semi-solid or paste Dried and cured flower, hashish
Name origin Arabic America Latin American

Contents: Hash vs Weed

  • 1 Origin
  • 2 Cultivation
  • 3 Legal status
  • 4 Availability
  • 5 Benefits
  • 6 Strength
  • 7 Side effects
  • 8 Other Negative Associations
  • 9 Recent News
  • 10 References

Origin

For centuries, the cannabis plant has been used in the Americas for its psychoactive and perceived health benefits. Most recently, weed, also called marijuana or pot, has been a popular recreational drug in North America.

Cannabis was also used in other parts of the world. Users in Africa and the Middle East preferred ingesting the resin of the plant, which contains a highly concentrated dose of the psychoactive substance THC. In Arabic, hashish means “grass.”

Despite strict prohibitions on drugs of any kind, hash is widely available across Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Middle East.

Cultivation

In general, marijuana is a type of grass plant that grows quickly – a reason for its nickname “weed” – in tropical or subtropical climates. Buds, stems, and flowers from a mature plant are typically dried and turned into smoking weed, or pot.

To get hash from a marijuana plant, cultivators separate glandular hairs called trichomes and compress them into a dense block using heat. Looked at under a microscope, trichomes appear as clear, viscous tentacles. The resulting product resembles a sort-of marijuana sap.

Legal status

Broadly, marijuana products are illegal across the world with a few notable exceptions.

Marijuana is illegal but tolerated and openly used in Pakistan; it is also legal in the Netherlands and Uruguay. Spain and Iran allow for the cultivation of marijuana, but not the use.

In the United States, marijuana use and cultivation is illegal at the federal level, but legal with some restrictions in Colorado and Washington State.

Hashish is not specifically illegal in Pakistan, Netherlands, Uruguay, Colorado or Washington.

A number of countries and states have decriminalized marijuana use, which means that possessing a small amount is not punishable.

Some states and countries have legalized marijuana use for medical purposes. These laws do not generally distinguish between weed and hash.

Availability

Both hash and marijuana are believed to be widely available in illegal black markets around the world.

While hash is available in America, it is less popular than marijuana. Generally, the hash form of cannabis is more popular and more widely used in Europe and Asia.

In North America, hash is also called “resin,” and some drug users cultivate it from drug paraphernalia. When the marijuana plant is smoked, it leaves behind a thick black resin on pipes. That resin can be scraped off and smoked, though it does not contain as powerful a dose of THC as pure hash.

Benefits

Many cultures believe that marijuana has spiritual and physical benefits. Modern scientific studies have shown that THC reduces nausea and pain associated with diseases like AIDS and cancer. THC may also aid in mediating symptoms of glaucoma.

For many, the main benefit of using marijuana is recreational, as it induces euphoria in users. Physically, it is not possible to use so much of either hash or weed that a person would overdose like with alcohol or cocaine; however, using too much of either product could lead to extreme paranoia, anxiety, and panic.

Both weed and hashish are used by medical marijuana patients to treat various symptoms, including pain, nausea, swelling, depression, and anxiety.

Strength

Because hashish contains such a high concentration of THC, much less of it is needed to attain the same high as with the plant form. Though hash may vary in quality due to its producer and the plant it came from, in general, users should moderate the amount they use to avoid negative psychoactive effects.

Side effects

Smoking marijuana does have negative effects on the body, causing tar to build up on lungs, which can cause certain types of cancer.

Both hashish and weed have similar negative effects on short-term memory. Though there is no evidence that use of either drug is physically addictive – no withdrawal symptoms result from stopping use – they are habitually addictive, causing users to feel a necessity to use out of habit.

What’s the difference between Hashish and Marijuana? Both hashish and marijuana — also called weed, pot or ganja — are parts of the cannabis sativa plant. The major difference between the two is that the term “weed” usually applies to dried pieces of the plant, mainly flower buds, while hash is a…

Weed, cannabis, pot or marijuana: what’s the difference?

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The origin of the word ‘marijuana’ might come as a surprise

There are lots of things we don’t know about how cannabis legalization is going to look in Canada in 2018.

Among them: how policing agencies in New Brunswick are expected to make sure users are securing their stashes in locked boxes, how drivers are going to be reliably tested for THC, and whether having a cottage means you get to double down on the four-plants-per-household rule.

But some Canadians are also scratching their heads over a more basic question:

What are we supposed to call it?

Cannabis. Pot. Weed. Marijuana. Or one of dozens more colourful, also-popular variants, including, but not limited to, ganja, dope, cheeba, 420, and the sticky icky.

The reason the plant has so many nicknames, according to David Bienenstock, author of How to Smoke Pot (Properly): A Highbrow Guide to Getting High and former editor of the cannabis magazine High Times, is because it’s been illegal for so long.

“Any underground culture develops a coded language,” said Bienenstock, allowing people to talk about their activities without getting caught.

But now that the 90-year history of cannabis prohibition in Canada is coming to a close, “the words we choose affect the way we make policy,” he said. “Each word has a slightly different shading.”

Here’s a look at which word governments want people to use, which words journalists are using, which term could be considered the hippest — and which is falling out of favour because of its troubling history.

“Cannabis” is actually a genus that contains three psychoactive plants: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and their ditchweed cousin Cannabis ruderalis.

Most medical producers, dispensaries, and federal legislation are gravitating toward “cannabis” as the preferred term.

“I think if there’s any doubt about what to call it, ‘cannabis’ is a good one to go with, as a rule of thumb,” Bienenstock said.

As Canadian provinces prepare for the legalization of recreational cannabis, they seem to be falling in line with that thinking.

In a Nov. 16 scrum at the provincial legislature, New Brunswick Finance Minister Cathy Rogers said the word marijuana “has a derogatory history, and ‘pot’ has a street [connotation]. Cannabis is the best word.”

According to Health Canada spokesperson Tammy Jarbeau, it’s the preferred term because “the term cannabis includes more products than marijuana,” which Health Canada defines as “the dried flowers, leaves, stems and seeds of the cannabis plant.”

“We are using the word ‘cannabis’ in our government’s recent five bills because they all refer to the definition of cannabis in the federal Cannabis Act,” said New Brunswick provincial health department spokesman Paul Bradley.

Bienenstock is cool with that.

“If we had to keep one word and lose the others in some reality-show nightmare of linguistics, we would have to keep cannabis,” he said. “That’s the one that points to its botanical plant classification.”

“Pot,” a word likely derived from the Mexican Spanish potiguaya, or “cannabis leaves,” is the term that has permeated the mainstream media like no other. It’s a favourite among CBC journalists. Who doesn’t love a three-letter word when whittling down the character count in a punchy headline?

Bienenstock, for one. ‘Pot,” he said, shouldn’t be used lightly.

“It’s a term that came from the underground,” he said. “I think if you’re talking casually among friends, ‘pot’ is fine. But that’s a very different thing than, say, the national news service of a country reporting on an important medical study and using the word ‘pot’ in the headline.”

“When someone’s just on the newsdesk writing about whatever cannabis-related story of the day and they’re just throwing those words around,” Bienenstock said, “it may not be appropriate to the context.”

From shady origins in 1930s Harlem, “weed” has become the term of choice for those au courant with the culture.

Users are “kind of reclaiming it and making it our own,” Bienenstock said, citing the prevalence of the term on TV shows like Vice’s Weediquette and the Showtime drama Weeds.

That doesn’t mean it’s OK for politicians to start referring to the province’s new weed policy, or for doctors to talk about the benefits of weed in treating seizure disorders.

“In any official document, ‘cannabis’ is appropriate and none of those other words are appropriate,” he said.

“It’s also the shortest word when you’re trying to get a headline to fit,” said Bienenstock.

Reminded that “pot” is actually the shortest, he broke into giggles.

“The M-word,” Bienenstock said, is a biggie. But there’s a growing backlash against what is probably the best-known term for the plant.

The word “marijuana” came into vogue under Harry Anslinger, the first commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics widely credited with single-handedly starting America’s War on Drugs.

When attempting to persuade senators with large immigrant populations to support a federal ban on cannabis, Anslinger emphasized the Spanish, foreign-sounding word to cast the plant as scourge invading the U.S.

“The people that wanted to demonize the plant chose the exotic expression ‘marijuana’ to create that link in people’s minds,” said Bienenstock.

In October 2017, Shawn Cleary, a councillor with the Regional Municipality of Halifax, made national headlines when he stated the term was racist and he would no longer use it.

The bottom line: the term “marijuana” could be on the way out.

“People want to change the perceptions around this plant today don’t like that word,” said Bienenstock.

The verdict

Whatever you want to call it: cannabis by any other name will smell as sweet.

But for those looking for the last word on what to call it, Bienenstock said, “cannabis” is increasingly the way to go if you want to be strictly correct.

But the popularity of the word “weed” appears most ascendant in published print sources between 2000-2008, according to the data in Google’s Ngram Viwer.

“Definitely ‘cannabis,’ if we were only allowed to have one word,” said Bienenstock. “But I’m also a ‘pot’ guy. I like ‘weed,’ too. Oh god, this is like choosing between my children.”

Bienenstock said legalization could also mean a decline in creative new weed terminology.

“You look back at the Prohibition era and there was all this incredible slang,” he said. “I don’t see that much new alcohol slang anymore.

“But don’t count cannabis enthusiasts out. I think we’re creative people.”

About the Author

Information Morning Saint John host

Julia Wright is a born and raised Saint Johner, and the host of Information Morning Saint John on 91.3FM. She has been with the CBC since 2016.

Ganja. Dope. Cheeba. 420. There are lots of names for cannabis. Which is correct? ]]>