Weed Free Grass Seed

ILGM

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Description An outstanding blend of three of the newest dwarf fescues available. These varieties represent the latest in turfgrass breeding technology The best grass seed for overseeding depends on existing grass, climate, and soil. See our list of the best grass seed for overseeding. Grass seed can resist disease and fungus while quickly turning your lawn green. We researched the top options for warm climates, heavy traffic, and more.

New Millennia™

An outstanding blend of three of the newest dwarf fescues available. These varieties represent the latest in turfgrass breeding technology with improved insect and disease resistance, darker color, finer texture and dwarf growing habit for less maintenance. “New Millennia” is comprised of the highest rated varieties of tall fescue according to USDA tests of tall fescue cultivars. This seed blend has shown in standard tests to be free of crop and weed seeds and is suitable for sod production.

Characteristics

FEATURES:
  • Medium-fine texture
  • Deep root system ( 1 1/2 – 3 ft.)
  • Heat tolerant
  • Shade tolerant
  • Grows in wide range of soils
  • Reduced vertical growth rate
  • Greater turf density
  • Improved disease resistance to stem & crown rust
  • Newest varieties
  • 100% WEED FREE
BENEFITS:
  • Attractive, uniform appearance
  • Improved drought tolerance
  • Better summer performance than ryegrass
  • Only one grass needed for entire landscape
  • Reduces soil preparation costs
  • Reduced maintenance costs
  • Withstands heavy use
  • Lower maintenance costs and improved turf
  • Genetic improvement over older varieties
  • Produces a professional quality turf

Traffic areas where appearance and low maintenance are important:
Lawns, Playgrounds, Parks, Cemeteries, Commercial developments, Sportsturf.
“Triple Crown Dwarf” is an excellent choice in hot inland valleys where it will maintain its deep green color year round.

Seeding Rates

New turf: 10-12 pounds per 1000 square feet or 400-500 pounds per acre.
Overseeding: 6-8 pounds per 1000 square feet or 250-350 pounds per acre.

Establishment

Emergence: 10-14 days with proper irrigation
First mowing: Approximately 25 days.
First limited use: Approximately 40 days.

Adaptability & Care

Climatic Conditions: All (except high altitude)
Soils: All types
pH range: 5.5 to 6.5 preferred, 4.7 to 8.5 tolerated
Fertilization: 2 to 4 pounds of actual nitrogen per year in a balanced fertilizer
Mowing height: 2-3 inches in warm seasons, 1 1/2- 2 inches in cool seasons.

Quality Assurance

“New Millennia” is a registered trademark of Stover Seed Company and is available only from Stover Seed or an authorized dealer. The ingredients used in “New Millennia” are exclusively distributed by Stover Seed and represent the latest improvements in turfgrass breeding and development. Accept no substitutions.

Ingredients & Specifications

2nd Millennium Tall Fescue
Focus Tall Fescue
Avenger Tall Fescue

98% Minimum purity
90% Minimum germination
0% Crop Seed
0% Weed Seed

Test Data

National Tall Fescue Test
2005 Data
Quality Ratings 1-9; 9=ideal turf
Transition Region

  • Justice (#1 rank) 6.4
  • Avenger* 6.3
  • 2nd Millennium* 6.1
  • Focus* 6.0
  • Regiment II 5.8
  • Jaguar 3 5.7
  • Falcon II 5.6
  • Matador 5.4
  • KY-31 3.4

National Tall Fescue Test
2005 Data
Brown Patch (warm temperature)
Ratings 1-9; 9=No Disease

  • Magellan (#1 rank) 6.3
  • Focus* 5.9
  • Jaguar 3span >5.9
  • Avenger* 5.8
  • 2nd Millennium* 5.6
  • Falcon II 5.1
  • Barlexas 5.1
  • Olympic Gold 5.0
  • Lancer 3.1

To determine whether a cultivar’s performance is truly different from another, subtract one entry’s mean from another entry’s mean. If this value is larger than the LSD value, the observed difference in cultivar performance is significant and did not happen by chance. Complete tables available upon request or contact www.ntep,org.
* Denotes varieties used in New Millennia.

Recent Planting Sites

City of Rancho Cucamonga
Ft Rosecrans National Cemetery, San Diego

The Best Grass Seed for Overseeding of 2022

Overseeding creates a dense, lush stand of grass—and an overall healthier lawn.

By Glenda Taylor | Updated Jan 4, 2022 11:06 AM

BobVila.com and its partners may earn a commission if you purchase a product through one of our links.

The best grass seed for overseeding a lawn will depend on the existing type of grass, the prevailing climate, and the soil type. After a few years, even the best-kept lawns can start to look sparse and worn out due to drought, under-watering, overwatering, or even growing a grass variety that’s not well suited to the region.

Overseeding a lawn with a superior variety of grass seed at least once every three years will keep the yard looking its best while helping it resist drought and disease. Ahead, learn what to look for when selecting a seed type, and find out why the following varieties were chosen as the best grass seed blends for overseeding lawns in different regions.

  1. BEST OVERALL:Scotts Turf Builder Grass Seed All-Purpose Mix
  2. RUNNER-UP:Scotts Turf Builder Grass Seed High Traffic Mix
  3. MOST DROUGHT-TOLERANT:Jonathan Green 10316 Black Beauty Grass Seed
  4. BEST FOR SHADE:Scotts Turf Builder Grass Seed Dense Shade Mix
  5. BEST FOR BLUEGRASS LAWNS:Scotts Turf Builder Grass Kentucky Bluegrass Mix
  6. BEST FOR CLAY SOIL:Jonathan Green 10323 Black Beauty Ultra Mixture
  7. BEST FOR WARM CLIMATES:Scotts Turf Builder Grass Seed Southern Gold Mix

What to Consider When Choosing the Best Grass Seed for Overseeding

For the best results, choose a grass seed type that will grow well in your yard. The amount of sunlight the lawn receives, the general climate, and the kind of grass desired are all up for consideration. Additionally, the size of the yard and the seed’s coverage rate will play a role in how much seed you’ll need to overseed the lawn.

Types of Grass Seed

Not all types of grass seed grow well in all areas—some varieties are better suited to cold climates, while others thrive only in subtropical environments. When choosing grass seed for overseeding, select a type based on what grows best in your area. The best grass seed is one that will thrive in the specific region where it’s planted.

For example, grass seed that grows well in the Pacific Northwest may not grow in southern climates. In general, more cool-season grasses are grown from seed than are warm-season grasses. Several warm-season grasses, such as St. Augustine, are propagated by plugs rather than seeds, so overseeding is more common in regions with cool winters.

  • Fescue: Among the fastest-growing grasses, fescue features several types with various textures. It’s prized for its drought resistance, will withstand moderate traffic, and grows in both sunny and shady spots.
  • Kentucky bluegrass: Dense and durable, Kentucky bluegrass is a self-spreading, disease-resistant turf option that will tolerate cold temperatures. It’s not as drought resistant as fescue but provides a lush lawn that tolerates high traffic. The best Kentucky bluegrass seed often comes with a coating that absorbs moisture to help keep the seeds damp until they germinate.
  • Perennial ryegrass: Useful for overseeding moderately cool- or warm-season grasses, perennial ryegrass requires a lot of water and doesn’t grow well in frigid climates.
  • Buffalograss: Prized for its low maintenance, buffalograss thrives in the Midwest and Great Plains. It’s slow to green up in the spring and goes dormant early in the fall, however.
  • Bermuda: Strictly a warm-weather grass, Bermuda produces a lush lawn in sunny yards and is drought tolerant. It doesn’t like cold weather and it doesn’t tolerate deep shade.

Climate and Sun Exposure

Researchers and seed manufacturers are busy hybridizing grass seed types to thrive in specific climates, such as the warm Southeast or the rainy West Coast, and to grow in harsh sun or dense shade. Most grass seed varieties grow well with full to partial sun, but new and improved versions will tolerate shade as well.

Buyers can often find specialized seeds within the same seed family. For instance, several options are available just within the fescue grass seed type. These include hard fescue that grows in colder climates and high elevations, creeping fescue that will grow even in deep shade, and fastest-growing grasses that withstands heavy traffic but doesn’t like hot weather.

Coverage Area

The amount of seed necessary for overseeding a lawn depends on the type, whether the seed is coated or bare, and the overall condition of the existing lawn. The best rule of thumb is to follow the manufacturer’s coverage recommendations that appear on the bag of seeds.

The coverage area for coated grass seeds is not as high as uncoated seeds because coated seeds are larger, so fewer seeds are present per pound. Spread rate varies by grass type as well, and this will appear on the package. K31 fescue, for example, has a spread rate of 5 to 10 pounds per 1,000 feet, with 10 pounds being the average for establishing new lawns and 5 pounds as the average for overseeding. For the best results, follow the spread rate suggested by the manufacturer.

Low Maintenance

Keeping a lawn healthy and beautiful requires diligence and proper attention. Achieving a maintenance-free lawn isn’t possible, but you can reduce the amount of mowing, fertilizing, dethatching, and watering by choosing to overseed with a grass variety that grows well in the specific region. Generally, a low-growing grass variety, such as buffalograss, requires fewer mowings than a tall-growing variety, such as fescue.

If watering the lawn is a particularly tedious task, a drought-tolerant variety, such as Bermuda grass, is among the best options for a low-maintenance yard in warm, sunny climates. What is considered low maintenance in one region may be high maintenance in another, so consider choosing a variety that’s well suited or native to the area.

Our Top Picks

Before choosing a grass seed for overseeding, consider the type of existing grass in the lawn. If it’s growing well, overseeding with the same type is recommended. If the lawn is struggling to survive, sparse, and full of weeds or patchy, consider overseeding with a better variety to correct the existing problems. The following seeds are meant for different regions and lawns, but each is a standout in its category.

7 Best Grass Seed Products to Restore a Patchy Lawn

The winner is the Scotts Turf Builder Grass Seed Sun & Shade Mix

Theresa Holland is a freelance writer specializing in home improvement, cleaning, and bedding. She shares her favorite life hacks on her blog The Taboo Textbook.

Barbara Gillette is a master gardener, herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist. She has 30 years of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals.

Sarah Scott is a fact-checker and researcher who has worked in the custom home building industry in sales, marketing, and design.

We independently research, test, review, and recommend the best products—learn more about our process. If you buy something through our links, we may earn a commission.

The Spruce / Laurey W. Glenn

Grass seed can grow a lawn from scratch, make existing turf thicker, or target unsightly bald patches and brown spots. We researched and tested grass seed from the top brands, evaluating ease of use, effectiveness, and formulation.

Our top pick, the Scotts Turf Builder Grass Seed Sun & Shade Mix, is a versatile blend that stands up well to drought and disease and can seed up to 8,000 square feet of lawn—an eighth of a football field.

Here is the best grass seed for sprucing up your yard.

Best Overall: Scotts Turf Builder Grass Seed Sun & Shade Mix

Courtesy of Amazon

Thrives in sun and shade

Holds up in droughts and cold winters

Not suited for Southern lawns

Who else recommends it? Bob Vila also picked Scotts Turf Builder Grass Seed Sun and Shade Mix.

What do buyers say? 82% of 29,000+ Amazon reviewers rated this product 4 stars or above.

Scotts Turf Builder Grass Seed Sun & Shade Mix thrives in scorching sunlight or densely shaded conditions, making it our top choice. This fine-bladed grass mix can even hold up in droughts and cold winters. It begins to grow in five to ten days; you can mow it after blades reach three inches in height. For optimum growth, water your lawn twice daily for three weeks.

Each individual seed, wrapped in a special WaterSmart Plus coating, absorbs twice the amount of water as its uncoated counterparts. The coating also protects your seedlings from various lawn diseases, and feeds them essential nutrients to jump-start growth. Although this mix tolerates extreme weather changes, Scott’s does not recommend using it in Southern states.

Sun Tolerance: Dense Shade to Full Sun | Climate: Drought, Cold Winters | Size: Up to 8,000 square feet | Grass Texture: Fine

Best for Shade: Pennington One Step Complete for Dense Shade Areas

Courtesy of The Home Depot

Formulated with mulch and fertilizer

Great for spot treatments or larger areas

Suited for Midwestern lawns

Not for warm-season lawns

Pennington One Step Complete blends the brand’s Smart Seed with mulch and professional-grade fertilizer, allowing the lawn to thrive in densely shaded areas. This all-in-one grass seed sprouts seedlings in as little as two weeks, even in the tricky corners of your lawn that don’t see more than two to four hours of direct sunlight a day. Whether you’re growing a lawn from scratch or just looking to patch up sparse areas, this ultra-absorbent mixture is a quick and easy solution for achieving a lush, spot-free yard.

Sun Tolerance: Dense Shade | Climate: Cool-season | Size: 125 square feet | Grass Texture: Medium

Best for Full Sun: JB Instant Lawn Signature Sunny Premium Lawn Seed

Courtesy of Lowe’s

Works with new and existing lawns

Comes in various sizes

Not suited for Midwestern lawns

JB Instant Lawn’s Sunny Blend is formulated for direct sunlight. It loves clear skies and flourishes in non-shaded areas with daily sun exposure of six or more hours. The brand’s signature perennial ryegrass seed produces thick, sod-quality lawns with fine blades and a deep green hue. You can plant it with your existing grass, or use to grow a lawn from scratch with a germination period of seven to ten days.

Sun Tolerance: Full Sun | Climate: Cool-season | Size: 1,000 square feet (max overseeding coverage area), 600 square feet (max new seeding coverage area) | Grass Texture: Fine

Best for Cool Season: Barenbrug Winter Wonderlawn Super Over Seeding Grass Seed

Courtesy of Tractor Supply

Thrives in sun and partial shade

Stands up to heavy traffic

Not suited for Northern lawns

For the chillier season, keep a bag of Winter Wonderlawn on hand. Containing a blend of Italian and perennial ryegrass, the mixture is ideal for overseeding your lawn during the coldest months.

This grass seed establishes quickly and germinates within four days, even in fall and winter. After a few weeks, expect a dense growth of fine-bladed grass, with a deep green color.

Sun Tolerance: Full Sun and Partial Shade | Climate: Southern | Size: 2,500 square feet | Grass Texture: Fine

Best for Warm Season: Water Saver Lawn Seed Mixture with Turf-Type Tall Fescue and RFT

Courtesy of The Home Depot

Thrives in sun and shade

Tolerates drought conditions

Not suited for Southern lawns

Water Saver contains a mixture of turf-quality tall fescue and RFT (rhizomatous tall fescue) seeds. The blend has a gorgeous color, a nice texture, and stands up to various diseases.

This lawn seed establishes quickly, roots deeply, and retains water, allowing it to tolerate high temps and drought conditions. It thrives in the sun or shade, and thanks to its deep roots, you can mow it shorter than other varieties.

Sun Tolerance: Full Sun and Partial Shade | Climate: Hot and Dry | Size: 1,000 square feet | Grass Texture: Coarse

Best Fast-Growing: Vigoro Fast Grass Seed Mix

Courtesy of The Home Depot

Great for spot treatments

Thrives in sun and shade

Only for existing lawns

Anytime you need speedy ground cover, erosion control, or want to repair patches in your yard, this is your best bet. Vigoro Fast Grass Mix germinates impressively quickly, and sprouts in as little as three days.

The seed works in sunny and shady areas, and produces lush, green grass with semi-fine blades and virtually no weeds. It’s ideal for temporarily filling in bare spots and, depending on when and where you plant it, you might see continued growth.

Sun Tolerance: Sun and Shade | Climate: Any | Size: 750 square feet | Grass Texture: Fine to Medium

Best Bermuda grass: Sta-Green Grass Seed Bermuda grass

Courtesy of Lowe’s

Grows back annually

99 percent weed-free

Longer germination period

Bermuda grass is a warm-weather perennial , meaning it flourishes in spring and summer, and grows back annually. This grass seed from Sta-Green contains a premium blend of 99 percent weed-free Bermuda grass.

The germination period is longer than other species (about two to three weeks). But thanks to a special QuickGrow2X coating, the mixture grows faster than other Bermuda grasses and resists disease. Soon enough, you can expect a beautiful lawn, with medium-textured grass that’s dense, lush, and feels good between your toes.

Sun Tolerance: Full Sun | Climate: Southern, Dry | Size: 5,000 square feet (max overseeding coverage area), 2,500 square feet (max new seeding coverage area) | Grass Texture: Fine to Medium

Best for Heavy Traffic: Jonathan Green Black Beauty Heavy Traffic Premium Grass Seed Mixture

Courtesy of Amazon

Stands up to heavy traffic

Resists weeds and insects

Comes in various sizes

Not suited for densely shaded areas

If you have kids, pets, or an otherwise busy household, we recommend Jonathan Green Black Beauty. The brand’s Heavy Traffic Premium Mixture contains a healthy blend of fescue and perennial ryegrass seeds. Fescue emits an amino acid that naturally acts as a herbicide, so it curbs emerging crabgrass and broadleaf weed seedlings. Not only that, but this reliable formula stands up to abrasion and naturally resists insects.

Sun Tolerance: Partial Sun | Climate: Hard Wear | Size: 1,200 square feet | Grass Texture: Coarse

Scotts Turf Builder Grass Seed Sun & Shade Mix is the best grass seed overall. The seeds’ special coating makes them more absorbent, allowing your turf to thrive year-round in sun or shade. However, if you have pets or kids and want something that can grow with heavy foot traffic, Jonathan Green Black Beauty Heavy Traffic Premium Grass Seed Mixture might be a better choice.

What to Look For When Buying Grass Seed

Climate

One of the most important things to keep in mind when buying grass seed is the climate, as some blends do better in certain regions. For instance, Bermuda grass is native to the southern hemisphere, so it thrives in the South and the Southwestern United States.

That being said, some grass species (such as fescue and ryegrass) can grow in a variety of climates. Be sure to check the product description before purchasing grass seed to confirm it can grow where you live.

Sun Exposure

Another thing to consider is the level of sun exposure your seedlings get. Species such as Bermuda grass and some types of ryegrass need at least a few hours of sunlight a day to thrive, whereas fescue can grow in densely shaded areas.

Some mixes are formulated to grow in sun or shade, any time of year. Check the product information before buying grass seed to make sure it’s suitable for the amount of sunlight your yard gets.

Maintenance

If you’re in the market for low-maintenance grass seed, look for an option that contains fertilizer. That way, your seedlings have the nourishment they need to grow quickly and flourish. Some blends also contain mulch, which helps keep the soil healthy, retains water, and prevents weed growth.

Speaking of weed growth, you may consider grass seed that specifically indicates it’s a weed-free (or 99 percent weed-free) formula. Additionally, some seeds are individually coated with a special substance that makes them more absorbent, meaning you don’t need to water as often, and disease resistant.

The best time to plant grass seed depends on the type of seed and the climate. However, since most mixtures germinate when temperatures aren’t too hot or cold, planting in the fall for a cool-season grass and spring for a warm-season grass is typically ideal. Seedlings thrive in semi-warm soil, with moderate daytime temperatures and slightly cooler evenings.

To prepare the soil for grass seed, start by removing any sticks, large rocks, and weeds from the surface. Then, break up the soil with a spade, hoe, garden fork, or core aerator, continuing to remove rocks and debris as you go. If your grass seed lacks fertilizer, add a slow-release fertilizer to the soil before planting.

The goal is to keep the top layer of soil moist at all times, so water grass seed once or twice a day until it germinates. How much and how often depends on where you live and what the weather is like. When your seedlings reach about an inch tall, you can switch to watering every other day. After a few weeks, when the grass has established, weekly or bi-weekly watering should suffice.

Why Trust The Spruce?

The Spruce contributor Theresa Holland is an experienced commerce writer, with several years of experience covering home improvement. She’s spent countless hours researching yard care and landscaping products, not only for the content she writes but also for personal use. You can see more of her home-related stories on MyDomaine.

The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

The Best Grass Seed for the Northeast of 2022. Bob Vila. https://www.bobvila.com/articles/best-grass-seed-for-northeast/

Rocha, Inês et al. Seed Coating: A Tool for Delivering Beneficial Microbes to Agricultural Crops. Frontiers in Plant Science, vol. 10. pp. 1357, 2019. doi:10.3389/fpls.2019.01357

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