Raspberries are a favorite of many home gardeners. This fruit is not only delicious and productive, but is also very good for you! New research has shown that black raspberries have some of the highest levels of phytonutrients of any dark-colored fruits. They have even shown cancer-prevention qualities. The fruit can be eaten fresh or processed into jam, jelly, or juice. Surplus fruit can also be frozen. Raspberries are wonderful plants for birds because, if left unpruned, they form thickets that provide excellent nesting, roosting and hiding places. The fruit, of course, is also a highly desired and a healthy food source for birds.
Raspberry plants can be divided into two categories based upon the season in which they produce fruit. Ever bearing varieties produce fruit in the summer as well as the fall, on both old and new wood while summer bearing (or June bearing) varieties only produce fruit in the summer, typically on two year old wood. Raspberry plants can also be divided into categories by color: varieties may produce reddish fruit, or fruit in shades of yellow/gold, purple, and black.
Raspberries perform best planted in full sun, in a well-drained loamy soil supplemented with compost and with a pH of approximately 6.5 to 7.0. They may be planted as soon as soil can be worked in the spring. Dig a hole 12” wide and deep enough so that when set, the stem will be approximately 2” lower than they were in the nursery (you should be able to tell by the dried soil line on the stem). Make a small cone of soil in the middle of the hole and spread roots evenly around cone. Fill the hole with soil, tamping firmly as you go, and water well. Raspberries should be planted 2-3’ apart with a 7-8’ space between rows. They should NOT be planted in areas where eggplants, peppers, potatoes or tomatoes have been grown in the previous 3 years due to possible infection of verticillium wilt fungus. At planting, sprinkle a regular garden fertilizer of 10-10-10 on top of the soil at a rate of /2 to 3/4 lb. per 100 sq. feet.
Raspberry roots and crowns live for a very long time, but the canes die after two years. Raspberries can be pruned in a couple of different ways. The summer fruit is produced on canes that developed the previous season. The fall fruit is produced on canes that develop in the current season. If you are harvesting fruit both in summer and fall, keep in mind that the summer fruit will generally be smaller than the fall fruit. In early spring before the buds open, , prune out the dead, weak or damaged canes, leaving about 4-6 healthy canes per square foot. Then prune the remaining canes to about 4-5’. This is where the majority of fruit production occurs. If you want only fall fruit (this will cause the plants to produce a particularly heavy fall crop), cut or mow the entire plant back to 1-2” in the fall, after all leaves have dropped. (All refuse should be either burned or put in the trash, because they can harbor disease. Do not put them in your compost!). Because some raspberries propagate themselves by underground suckers, pull out the suckers you do not want. Pruning them will only cause more suckers to grow. Your plants require 1 of water per week during the growing season and regular, shallow cultivation.
IMPORTANT NOTE ABOUT BARE ROOT PLANTS
You may be a little startled when you first encounter a ‘bare root’ plant. This is simply a plant that has had the soil washed from its roots to facilitate shipping, and to help prevent the transfer of soil-borne pathogens and pests. Our bare root plants are shipped to you in a dormant state, just prior to your planting season. Unpack your plants and submerge the roots into a bucket of water for 1 hour so the roots will begin to absorb moisture. Be sure to plant them within 48 hours, before the plants break their dormancy.
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Raspberries are a favorite of many home gardeners. This fruit is not only delicious and productive, but is also very good for you! New research has shown that black raspberries have some of the highest levels of phytonutrients of any dark-colored fruits. They have even shown … Raspberries are a favorite of many home
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Organic Raspberry Seeds , Raspberries RED Rubus Idaeus Bush Fruit ,Sweet Bright Red Berries! A Heavy Producer Year after Year!.Perennial
Second only to the strawberry, the raspberry is a popular summer fruit. Raspberry plants are hardy perennials, easily propagated by seed. Preferring the sunny, well-drained soils of USDA hardiness zones 2 through 10, mature raspberry plants will grow to heights between 36 and 60 inches, with a spread of 24 to 36 inches. Raspberries will bear fruit in the summer of their second growing season when planted from seed.
How to Plant Raspberry Plants From Seeds
Fill a seed starter tray with sterile potting soil in the early fall. Press one to two raspberry seeds Â¼ inch down into the soil of each cell. Pat the soil down gently over the seeds to remove air pockets.
Mist the soil lightly to dampen, using a spray bottle filled with water. Keep the soil moist throughout the germination process. Place the seed starter tray in a cool, dark area while the raspberry seeds germinate. The seeds will begin to sprout within three months.
Set the seed starter tray in an area that receives bright, indirect sunlight once the seeds begin to sprout. If this is not possible, set up a grow light and place the seed starter tray underneath.
Continue to keep the soil moist and provide the raspberry plants with adequate light as they continue to grow. Transplant the raspberry plants outdoors in the spring, as soon as the soil is workable.
Select an area for transplanting your raspberries that contains full sun and well-drained soil with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5. Test the soil if you are unsure of your soil pH, using a soil testing kit purchased from a garden center.
Turn over the soil with a pitchfork after the final winter frost and add lime to the soil if the pH is below 5.5. Add peat moss if the soil pH is above 6.5. Add the required amendment according to label instructions.
Dig holes for the raspberry plants that are comparable in size to their root balls. Space each hole 2 feet apart. Space rows 8 to 12 feet apart. Remove the raspberry plants from the seed starter tray, placing one raspberry plant in the center of each hole. Backfill the holes.
Water the raspberry plants generously after planting. Use a soaker hose that will deliver deep watering. Water at a rate of 1 inch per week, keeping the soil moist at all times during the growing season.
Cut the raspberry plants down to the soil line, using a sharp pair of scissors or pruning shears, in the late fall. Cutting the plants back will encourage growth the following spring.
Fertilize the raspberry plants the following spring when they begin to grow again. Apply a 10-10-10 fertilizer per label instructions. Continue to keep the soil moist. Harvest the raspberries when they ripen in the summer.
Tips & Warnings
It is a good idea to hammer in a trellis behind the raspberry plants to give them something to grow on. If you do not have access to a trellis, transplant the raspberry plants in front of a fence that they can climb on as they grow.
A layer of mulch spread around the raspberry plants will help with water retention and reduce weed growth. A 3- to 4-inch layer of sawdust, bark chips or pine needles should suffice.
Do not over water the raspberry plants. Standing water can cause the roots to rot, eventually killing the raspberry plants. If the soil feels moist at a 1- inch depth, do not add more water. Instead, check the soil for moisture again in a few days.
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Organic Raspberry Seeds , Raspberries RED Rubus Idaeus Bush Fruit ,Sweet Bright Red Berries! A Heavy Producer Year after Year!.PerennialSecond only to the strawberry, the raspberry is a popular summer fruit. Raspberry plants are hardy perennials,…