Everything You Need to Know About Male Cannabis Plants
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How can you tell if you have female or male cannabis plants?
It’s incredibly important to know how to tell male and female weed plants apart if you plan on growing one or another specifically. Both of them have magnificent properties that make them well worth growing. Female cannabis plants are known for producing flowers along their branches, some more than others. When they’ve been pollenated by a male plant, they produce seeds in order to further the species. They’re known for having calyxes and pistils, which are little hairs, as well as a lot of resin. Male cannabis plants, however, are in charge of producing as much pollen as possible in order to impregnate the females. Their “flowers” are called stamens, which are essentially sacks of pollen that burst at the right time in order to pollinate female flowers.
Alternative uses for male cannabis plants
Cannabis plants have different sexes; male, female and hermaphrodite, although many homegrowers tend to stick with female plants. This is because female plants are the ones that have the most THC (the cannabinoid responsible for the psychoactive effect obtained from cannabis), compared to the amount that male plants produce. This is why male cannabis plants are used for different purposes, mostly. We’re going to give you a list of alternative uses for male cannabis plants – weed isn’t just for getting high, it has many other properties too.
To create new strains or preserve existing ones
For marijuana to reproduce it needs pollen from a male cannabis plant or it will die out without giving any seeds, and therefore have no descendants. In nature, pollen travels through the air directly to the females and filling their fruits with seeds which fall to the ground, germinate, and create a new generation of plant. Nowadays, some seed banks create their hybrids by using feminized seeds; they revert their sex so that they produce pollen, making it possible to cross two or more strains. This means that the seeds obtained from this process won’t have 100% of the properties inherited from the mother plant, meaning that they might lose potency, flavor or production capacity. If you want to cross your own plants, we recommend using regular seeds to grow strong male plants, making your hybrids even better.
To make medicinal extracts
Like we said before, male cannabis plants don’t contain any THC therefore they can’t give any sort of high or psychoactive effect. This, however, does not mean that they don’t contain other kinds of cannabinoids like CBD or CBN which are capable of offering a myriad of medicinal properties without altering the consumer’s state of being or mood. You can make creams and all sorts of tinctures which, by simply applying them to your skin, will offer you all of the medicinal properties that this plant has to offer.
To make hemp fabric
Fiber extracted from hemp is one of the strongest fibers in the world, which is why it’s been used for hundreds of years in clothing, bags and even ropes. The first ever pair of jeans known to man were made out of hemp; the strength of the fiber made them practically unbreakable, making for a higher resistance than other materials like corduroy. Hemp ropes are known to be the most resistant ropes, used mostly for climbing, fishing and construction. Nowadays you can find all sorts of hemp products, albeit at a slightly higher price than normal products, but their guaranteed to last longer so you won’t regret spending that little bit extra.
To make hemp paper
Thanks to how fast these plants grow plus the small amount of space they take up and the quality of their fibers, hemp could be used as an important source of paper which would also help reduce the amount of deforestation done every year. It has been proved that thanks to hemp, you can get cheaper and stronger paper that doesn’t need to go through too many chemical processes to come out correctly, making it one of the most ecologic and least contaminating papers in the world. The first campaigns against cannabis were made by paper companies, printer owners etc. They knew how high cannabis’s paper production was and they were ready to say whatever was needed to try and get it out of the way, which started a wave of slander directed towards cannabis that is still happening today.
To harvest edible seeds
Hemp seeds are an important source of vitamins, energy and fiber, and they’re slowly being accepted by society; people prefer to criticize “edible marijuana seeds” instead of doing some research and finding out about their real properties. These seeds have a scarce level of cannabinoids, meaning that they won’t produce any sort of high in consumers. They have the best proportion of proteins and vitamins out of all of the seeds in the world, making them an amazing source of energy for professional athletes; one of the most important vitamins it contains is vitamin E. Apart from that, its high fiber levels place it within the 50 basic elements in traditional Chinese medicine due to the fact that it’s one of the best known foods used to fight constipation. They have a similar taste to sunflower seeds and almonds, making them perfect to add to any kind of recipe.
You can use their medicinal roots
The roots, like the seeds, also have beneficial properties for the human body as well as animals, and they have less than 1% THC in them, so there’s no need to worry about getting stoned or high. They have a lot of properties, such as pentacyclic triterpene, friedelin and epifriedelanol which are beneficial to the liver, they avoid tumor growth and they act as a diuretic and an anti-inflammatory. In Chinese traditional medicine, roots were used to get rid of all sorts of pains and to reduce hemorrhaging in women giving birth.
To make cannabis juice
Cannabis juice is a way of consuming cannabis or male cannabis plants that has been done popularly since around 2010. It’s generally used by the ill in order to reduce symptoms from their illness or treatments that they’re undergoing. It has been proven to contain an incredible amount of properties, as you’ll be consuming the cannabinoids in their purest form, as they have not been burnt or altered in any other day. It can be used in your daily diet in order to regulate your endocannabinoid system, and people that suffer from cancer or other painful chronic illnesses can obtain an incredible amount of benefits from drinking cannabis juice.
All of these uses and many more have been known for centuries or even millennia, but thanks to our society living in fear of this amazing plant, these uses haven’t been taken advantage of. Hopefully, as the years go by and society makes advances when it comes to this topic, the hemp industry will begin again and provide us with better paper or clothes at a lower cost to our planet.
Many people prefer female over male cannabis plants, but we're here to tell you about all of the hidden benefits and properties that male plants produce.
Male cannabis plants: parts and purposes
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- Differences between male and female cannabis plants
- Parts of a male cannabis plants
- Purpose of male cannabis plants
While some growers dismiss male cannabis plants as useless, these plants have many benefits to offer. This guide will explain the differences between male and female cannabis plants, detail the parts of male plants, and lay out the various purposes of male plants.
Differences between male and female cannabis plants
The most striking difference between male and female cannabis plants is that only female plants produce buds. The bud is often regarded as the crown jewel of the marijuana plant since these large, resin-rich flowers can be dried, cured, and ultimately enjoyed.
However, male plants do produce flowers which help visibly distinguish the plant’s gender. The flowers on male plants are characterized by small, bell-shaped clusters that dangle and open to release fertilizing pollen. In contrast, female marijuana plants produce teardrop-shaped flowers that will yield buds at harvest time.
In addition to unusable buds, the male plant produces lower levels of potentially therapeutic cannabinoids, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This difference serves as a double whammy for many cannabis lovers, as male plants are consequently lower in both therapeutic properties and psychoactive effects. Lower levels of cannabinoids also means less intense flavors and aromas.
Parts of a male cannabis plants
Let’s start from the top of the plant and work our way down. In descending order, a male marijuana plant exhibits the following parts:
Nodes: Signifying a crucial aspect of the male plant’s anatomy, the nodes are where the pollen sacs form and bear seeds. Nodes grow in opposite pairs on seedlings and divide the stem at the point where lateral branches begin. When the plant matures before harvest time, the nodes will grow alternately and signify that flowering has begun.
Stem: Alternately called the stalk, the stem is usually hollow and provides the base for leaves to grow. As a connector to the leaves, the stem’s purpose is to transfer water, minerals, and other nutrients throughout the plant.
Fan leaves: Each plant may have between five and nine of these large, protruding leaves. The purpose of fan leaves is to support photosynthesis, the process by which light energy converts to chemical energy. Growers often trim excess fan leaves to facilitate better airflow to the plant as well as to incorporate into marijuana recipes. Fan leaves make key ingredients in cannabis edibles and can be equally useful infusions and extracts. Raw cannabis juice is the newest craze in the weed world and fan leaves can be blended into these superfood beverages.
Parts that are notably absent from male plants include the cola, pistil, and calyx, all of which are exclusive to female cannabis plants and produce trichomes that can be cured and smoked. There are a few other differences between male and female cannabis plant parts. According to Somoza, “In the preflower stage, males will develop small round balls at the node where pollen will form. Females will develop very small hairlike stigmas protruding from rounded bracts.”
Each part of the plant serves a distinct purpose that benefits the whole and contributes to a healthy harvest.
Purpose of male cannabis plants
While too many male cannabis plants in a confined area can infringe upon female plants’ growth and lead to seeded, non-smokable flower, male plants are essential pollen producers that play an integral role in cannabis breeding. Without male plants, there would be no female plants and vice-versa.
Like all “fathers,” male cannabis plants pass genes on to their offspring. For cannabis progeny, these traits may include resistance to mold and pests, adaptation to different climates, successful growth rates, and general health. Males are especially useful for growers who breed autoflowering cannabis strains, such as Royal Cookies Automatic and Amnesia Haze Automatic.
Diversifying the genetic pool is one more reason male cannabis plants are good for pot farmers. Steven Somoza, who has more than eight years of cannabis cultivation experience at Hydroponics, Inc., says, “Male cannabis plants play a key role for genetic diversity of cannabis. Skilled breeders tediously and patiently cross-pollinate their gardens in pursuit of exciting new strains.” Cannatonic, 3 Kings, and White Widow are a few examples of the countless hybrid strains created from cross-pollination. Such cultivars may be genetically stronger than purebred cannabis varieties since they inherit the best qualities from each parent.
Not all cannabis growers will want to tap into the male’s cross-pollinating powers, however. As Somoza added, “Cross-pollination is undesirable for cannabis flower growers. We’ve heard of outdoor farms having their crops destroyed by a neighboring farm’s pollen due to drift. As a grower, it’s important and responsible to be able to sex your plant, especially when introducing new genetics to your farm.” In fact, pollen can travel far and wide in search of a female to fertilize, so it’s necessary to keep a watchful eye on male marijuana plants and space them accordingly.
While they can have drawbacks, male plants serve an indispensable purpose in the cannabis life cycle and in the continued evolution of their species.
The primary purpose of a male plant is to perpetuate the cannabis life cycle. However, male plants have other possible uses, such as:
Make hemp fiber: Male cannabis plants produce softer fibers than females. Fibers from male plants make ideal base materials for clothing, napkins, tablecloths, sheets, and even light blankets.
Produce hash and other concentrates: Just because males have lower levels of cannabinoids doesn’t mean they’re completely devoid of these potent compounds. There are enough cannabinoids in male leaves, pollen sacs, and stems to create cannabis concentrates.
Enrich a garden: Beyond cannabis cultivation, male cannabis plants are useful in flower and vegetable gardens. The terpenes in male plants, though not as abundant as in female plants, exude natural fragrances that can repel pests. These powerful terpenes are common ingredients in industrial insect repellents and pesticides. The long taproots of male plants can also be helpful in enhancing soil quality. Taproots burrow deep in the ground and break apart weak soil, which allows for more nutrients and moisture to penetrate the soil. During rainy periods, taproots hold soil in place, which maintains nutrients that might otherwise be lost in runoff. Male plants can also be added to the compost bin to enrich next season’s garden.
There is no doubt that male cannabis plants offer an array of benefits to cultivators, gardeners, and consumers. As scientists learn more about cannabis, they may discover new ways in which male plants are beneficial. For now, cannabis enthusiasts can value male plants for a variety of uses — so long as they think beyond the bud.
Male cannabis plants have many benefits to offer. This guide will explain the differences between male and female cannabis plants, detail the parts of male plants, and lay out the various purposes of male plants.