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Jimson Weed Medicinal Uses, Side Effects and Benefits

What is Jimson weed?

Jimson weed is distributed all over the world. All the species of Jimson weed are toxic in nature. The seeds and flowers are more poisonous in nature. In spite of this, Jimson weed is used as medicine in the Ayurveda system of traditional medicine in the formulation of many drugs. The different types of biochemical substances such as tropane, alkaloids, atropine, hyoscyamine, scopolamine, etc. which are poisonous in nature are present in it. Its leaves and seeds are used to make medicine.

Teens used it as drugs because of their strong anticholinergic properties. In fact, they are using it as innocence. It has been used as medicine and intoxicant for the long times. Its danger level increases when one takes higher doses of it.

Jimson weed distribution

The native place of Jimson weed is the United States of America (USA) but with the passage of time, it is spread all over the world. In the USA, the poisonous plant is basically confined to the Southern parts of the country and Mexico. The plant is also found in the arid zone of America such as southern California, East Texas, and the northern region of Arizona, Utah, and Nevada. Being a traditional medicinal plant, it is also grown in plant nursery. It is also found in the tropical as well as temperate regions across the world. In Europe, the wasteland and garbage are the cultivable regions for this plant. As far as India is concerned, it is found in the Himalayan region.

Common names of Jimson weed

It has been known by many names such as Datura, stinkweed, mad apple, thorn apple stramonium, tatula, etc. The other common names of the plant are:

  • English Name- Thorn apple, Devil’s trumpet, Metel
  • Arabic name – Datur
  • Persian name – Tatur
  • Hindi Name- Sada Dhatura
  • Tamil Name- Ummattangani/ Vella- Ummathai
  • Telugu Name- Ummetta
  • Bengal Name- Dhattura
  • Gujarati name – Dhattura
  • Marathi Name-Dhattura
  • Kannada name- Unmatta, Dhattura
  • Malayalam Name- Unmatta, Dhattura

Jimson weed classification

  • Botanical name: Datura stramonium
  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Order: Solanales
  • Family: Solanaceae (deadly Nightshade family)
  • Genus: Jimson
  • Species: Datura stramonium

List of Jimson weed species

  • Datura wrightii also called Southwestern Thorn Apple
  • Datura stramonium also called Jimson weed
  • Datura metaloides also called sacred datura
  • Datura inoxia named as Toloache
  • Datura discolor is also known as Moonflower.
  • Datura ceratocaula
  • Datura ferox: long spined thorn-apple
  • Datura leichhardti: Leichhardt’s datura
  • Datura quercifolia: Oak-leaf thorn-apple

Jimson weed medicinal uses

Jimson weed is not a normal plant, so extra precaution is needed while using this plant for medicinal purposes.

  • The juice of the plant when applied over the scalp, helps to treat hair fall, hair loss, and dandruff.
  • It is a good insect repellent thus protects other plants of its surroundings from insects.
  • Poisonous biochemical substances such as scopolamine, hyoscyamine, and atropine are present in it.

Jimson weed drugs and medicinal benefits

Due to the presence of biochemical compounds such as scopolamine and atropine, its medicinal value has been recognized by FDA.

  • It is used as a flying ointment and applies to the soles of the feet, vagina, and armpits.
  • It is being used as some type of brew named Ayahuasca brews.
  • The blends of Jimson weed and cannabis are used largely in cigarette or pipe smoking.
  • It is also helpful in treating respiratory disorders.
  • Scopolamine and atropine are used as sedatives
  • It is helpful in case of motion sickness, nausea, and dizziness.
  • In some parts of the world, it is also used as analgesic and anesthesia.

Jimson weed benefits

  • Jimson weed leaves act as a pain killer. When its roasted leaves are applied over the affected area, helps to relieve pain.
  • It is used for ayurvedic medicine, especially in case of asthma.
  • Its leaves are used as anti-asthmatic and antispasmodic.
  • It has beneficial impacts on fistulas and abscesses.
  • Due to the presence of biochemical substances like hyoscyamine and atropine, it may be used as a mind-altering drug.
  • Jimson weeds oil extract is beneficial for hair.
  • It is helpful to relieve headaches.
  • Its leaf infusion has a good impact on arthritis and rheumatism.
  • Jimson weed extract ethanol is used as a repellent against larva and mosquito.
  • Its leaf juice is good for earache.
  • Though, it’s a poison, even though, it is used to treat cough, flu, influenza, etc.
  • It is also used as a hallucination drug to create the ambiance of well-being.
  • It is used in case of intestinal cramps, diarrhea, and bed-wetting.

Jimson weed side effects

  • Being a poisonous herb, it should be taken only after consultation with an experienced ayurvedic doctor.
  • The bio-chemicals like scopolamine and atropine are used as poison.
  • It may increase the heartbeat and may lead to cardiac arrest.
  • The chemicals anticholinergic may lead to abnormal behavior.
  • It is good to dilate pupils.
  • Blurred vision, hallucinations, giddiness, and hyperthermia, difficulty urinating are some of the side effects of Jimson weed.
  • It can show an adverse reaction to the nervous system.
  • Its juice is strictly not in favor of the health of the eyes.

Jimson weed poisoning symptoms

After taking Jimson weed, the person may be seen with the following symptoms

  • Incoherent speech
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Dry skin
  • Impaired coordination
  • Seizures
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Blurred vision
  • Urine retention
  • Abdominal pain
  • Dilated pupils
  • Dry mouth
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Convulsion
  • Red skin
  • Fever and thrust
  • Restlessness
  • Depression
  • Rapid breathing
  • Nervousness

Jimson weed poisonous substance

Jimson weed is a herb, grows as a weed along with soybean cultivation throughout the world. All the parts of Jimson weed are poisonous, especially the leaves and seeds. Hungry animals on the field become the prey of this poisonous plant. Chickens also become infected with the contaminated seeds of this plant. Children also become attracted to this plant because of the beauty of the flower. The poisonous chemical with the plant are:

  • Atropine
  • Hyoscine
  • Hyoscyamine
  • Tropane alkaloids

Being a poisonous plant, jimson weed has been using for a longer period of time for ayurvedic formulations and in medicine as well drugs by the modern medical science

Jimson Weed

What other names is Jimson Weed known by?

Angel Tulip, Chasse-Taupe, Datura, Datura inermis, Datura lurida, Datura Officinal, Datura Parviflora, Datura stramonium, Datura tatula, Devil’s Apple, Devil’s Trumpet, Endormeuse, Estramonio, Herbe du Diable, Herbe aux Magiciens, Herbe aux Sorciers, Herbe aux Taupes, Higuera del Diablo, Jamestown Weed, Locoweed, Mad-apple, Man Tao Luo, Nightshade, Peru-apple, Pomme Épineuse, Pomme Poison, Pommette Féroce, Stinkweed, Stinkwort, Stramoine, Stramoine Commune, Stramonium, Thorn-apple, Trompette des Anges, Trompette de la Mort, Yiang Jin Hua.

What is Jimson Weed?

Jimson weed is a plant. The leaves and seeds are used to make medicine.

Despite serious safety concerns, jimson weed is used to treat asthma, cough, flu (influenza), swine flu, and nerve diseases.

Some people use it as a recreational drug to cause hallucinations and a heightened sense of well-being (euphoria).

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for.

  • Asthma.
  • Cough.
  • Nerve diseases.
  • Causing hallucinations and elevated mood (euphoria).
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of jimson weed for these uses.

QUESTION

How does Jimson Weed work?

Jimson weed contains chemicals such as atropine, hyoscyamine, and scopolamine. These chemicals interfere with one of the chemical messengers (acetylcholine) in the brain and nerves.

Are there safety concerns?

Jimson weed is UNSAFE when taken by mouth or inhaled. It is poisonous and can cause many toxic effects including dry mouth and extreme thirst, vision problems, nausea and vomiting, fast heart rate, hallucinations, high temperature, seizures, confusion, loss of consciousness, breathing problems, and death. The deadly dose for adults is 15-100 grams of leaf or 15-25 grams of the seeds.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Children: Jimson weed is UNSAFE when taken by mouth or inhaled by children. They are more sensitive than adults to the toxic effects of jimson weed. Even a small amount can kill them.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Jimson weed is UNSAFE for both mother and child when taken by mouth or inhaled.

Congestive heart failure (CHF): Jimson weed might cause rapid heartbeat and make CHF worse.

Constipation: Jimson weed might cause constipation.

Down syndrome: People with Down syndrome might be especially sensitive to the dangerous side effects of jimson weed.

Seizures: Jimson weed can cause seizures. Do not use jimson weed if you suffer from frequent seizures.

Esophageal reflux: In esophageal reflux, food and liquid in the stomach leak backwards into the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach (esophagus). Jimson weed might make this condition worse because it slows down the process that empties the stomach. It also lowers the pressure in the bottom of the esophagus, making it more likely that stomach contents will go back up.

Fever: Jimson weed might make fever worse.

Stomach ulcer: Jimson weed might delay stomach emptying and make ulcers worse.

Stomach and intestinal infections: Jimson weed might slow down the emptying of the stomach and intestines. As a result, “bad” bacteria and the toxins they produce could remain in the digestive tract longer than usual. This could make infections caused by these bacteria worse.

Hiatal hernia: Hiatal hernia is a condition in which part of the stomach is pushed up into the chest through a hole or tear in the diaphragm. The diaphragm is the muscle that separates the chest space from the stomach space. Taking jimson weed might make hiatal hernia worse. It can slow down the process that empties the stomach.

Glaucoma: Glaucoma is an eye disease. It raises the pressure inside the eye and can lead to blindness, if it isn’t treated. Jimson weed is especially dangerous for people with glaucoma because it might raise the pressure inside the eye even more.

Obstructive digestive tract disorders, including atony, paralytic ileus, and stenosis: Jimson weed might make these conditions worse.

Rapid heartbeat: Jimson weed might make this condition worse.

Toxic megacolon: In this life-threatening condition, the large intestine (colon) suddenly becomes extra wide because of an infection or other intestinal disorder. Taking jimson weed might make this condition worse.

Ulcerative colitis: This is an inflammatory bowel disorder that affects the large intestine. Taking jimson weed might make this condition worse.

Difficulty passing urine (urinary retention): Taking jimson weed might make this condition worse.

Are there any interactions with medications?

Jimson weed contains chemicals that cause a drying effect. It also affects the brain and heart. Drying medications called anticholinergic drugs can also cause these effects. Taking jimson weed and drying medications together might cause side effects including dry skin, dizziness, low blood pressure, fast heartbeat, and other serious side effects.

Some of these drying medications include atropine, scopolamine, and some medications used for allergies (antihistamines), and for depression (antidepressants).

Dosing considerations for Jimson Weed.

The appropriate dose of jimson weed depends on several factors such as the user’s age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for jimson weed. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

SLIDESHOW

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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Jimson Weed What other names is Jimson Weed known by? Angel Tulip, Chasse-Taupe, Datura, Datura inermis, Datura lurida, Datura Officinal, Datura Parviflora, Datura stramonium, Datura tatula, ]]>