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how much does one marijuana plant produce

How much weed does one plant yield

The question most asked by beginner growers is how many grams of cannabis per plant can be harvested? A great question, yet hard to answer in a simple way, but certainly not impossible.

All plants depend on light, nutrients and water to achieve their optimal growth and potential in terms of harvest. Cannabis plants can be grown indoors or outdoors using many different horticultural methods, which all have an impact on growth, not even taking into consideration the natural variations in yield between strains.

To answer the question “how much weed does one plant yield“, we will look at weed plants grown indoors under different light conditions to give you an understanding of how much weed an average weed plant can produce.

Factors that determine the harvest of a strain

Many factors influence the weed production of a cannabis plant. The most important ones are listed below:

  • The type of culture: indoors or outdoors
  • Lighting power
  • Available space to the plant
  • Growth time
  • Temperature and humidity
  • Type of seeds
  • Fertilisers used to feed the plant
  • The culture technique used: one-bud, scrog, trellising, etc.

Indoor cultivation

The number of plants doesn’t really count. It doesn’t matter how many plants per square metre you grow. The goal is for the entire available surface to be covered by plants, which will allow the flowers to occupy all of the available space and thus maximise the production of weed.

The number of plants per square metre will, however, have a significant influence on the growth time required.

You could decide to make 1 m2 of one-bud. In which case, you would need between 15 and 50 plants to cover one square metre, and in this scenario, the growth phase will last less than a week. Indeed, you can put your plants in the flowering period as soon as the first leaves appear. Or you could decide only to grow one plant in one square metre. For this, and if you want your plant to occupy all the available space, it will take a growth period of two to three months. However, it is advisable to choose a compromise between these two extremes.

For beginners, six plants per square metre allow a relatively short growth phase of 4 or 5 weeks. This also avoids having to manage 10 or 15 plants in a first session.

Here are some different scenarios to give you an idea of what you can hope to harvest.

Scenario 1 – Beginner using 600-watts

A beginner cultivator using a 600-watt HPS lamp in a 1 m2 box. Average quality equipment and basic fertilisers.

Let’s also imagine that this cultivator takes care of his plants carefully throughout the growing period.

Finally, let’s also suppose that this grower encountered some problems of too high temperatures or too low humidity.

This cultivator can expect a harvest of 200 to 350 grams per square metre.

Scenario 2 – Experienced cultivator using 600-watts

Imagine an experienced cultivator who knows some cultivation techniques such as trellising or scrog.

Under the same conditions as the first scenario. 600-watts in 1 m2, medium equipment, basic fertilisers. Everything goes well during cultivation, and the plants receive the care they need.

This cultivator can harvest between 300 and 500 grams per square metre.

Scenario 3 – Beginner cultivator in 40-watts

A beginner cultivator using a 400-watt lamp. High-end equipment with a lot of cutting-edge optimisations and advanced but poorly mastered cultivation techniques.

In such a scenario, it is quite likely that the grower will make beginner mistakes. And these errors will cost much more than the potential gains that these optimisations could have delivered.

The harvest could also be limited to 50 or 100 grams of dry grass per square metre if something goes wrong during the cultivation.

On the contrary, if all goes well, the grower can expect between 200 and 300 grams per square metre. But it will be necessary to avoid embarking on optimisations or advanced techniques.

Scenario 4 – An experienced cultivator using 1000-watts

Finally, imagine a very experienced cultivator with a 1000-watt lamp and a growing area of 1.5 to 2 square metres. Top-quality material, ideal climatic conditions and culture which goes as well as possible without any problem. The grower will use advanced cultivation techniques such as CO2 enrichment, hydroponics and automated climate management.

This last cultivator could reach a record harvest of more than 650 grams per square metre.

How many grams of cannabis per plant can you harvest?

As promised at the beginning of the article, here are some crop estimates per plant, based on different growing conditions.

These estimates are presented in the form of scenarios, as in the previous section

Scenario 1: 400-watts and 15 days of growth

Imagine a plant grown indoors with a 400-watt lamp and a growth phase of only 15 days. The cultivation space is 1 square metre, and the plants occupy all the available space during the flowering stage.

A short growing period shortens the total growing time. For a variety that flowers in 50 days, a growth of 15 days will allow harvesting in just 65 days or just over two months. The downside is that you will need many plants to fill a space of one square metre!

In this configuration, if the grower takes care of the plants properly and there are no major incidents during cultivation, a cannabis plant can produce between 15 and 30 grams of cannabis per plant.

Scenario 2: 400-watts and 40 days of growth

Let’s take an indoor plant again with a 400-watt lamp but now with a 40-day growth phase.

During these 40 days of growth, the plant will have had time to develop a very dense root and leaf network, especially if the weather conditions are good. Some varieties will quickly reach a metre in height in 40 days of growth.

The production of buds from a single plant will, therefore, be much higher than the previous scenario. You can expect between 40 and 80 grams of cannabis per plant if flowering takes place under optimal conditions.

Scenario 3: 600-watts and 30 days of growth indoors

Growing a plant with a 600-watt HPS lamp with a 30 day growing period

The 600 watts will simply give you explosive growth. Indeed, you can virtually see your plant growth with the naked eye between morning and evening.

You will have the opportunity to train your plant to give it the shape you want and to maximise the occupancy of the space. With this method, yields can reach up to 100 – 120 grams per plant.

Choose the right seeds and your growing method

There are enormous variations in terms of potential harvest per plant ranging from 500 grams and 3 pounds.

This is a complex topic and there are many other factors that can affect yields, such as hydroponics, which minimises the likelihood of errors and the type of seed used, which also has an impact on the amount of harvest. Some strains are much more high-yielding than others. Big Bud and Girl Scout Cookies, for example, are famous for their huge buds and generous yields.

Reading tip: check all our high yielding strain seeds

The average yield over a cannabis strain depends on various factors. But how much weed does one plant yield? Check it out!

How Long Does It Take to Grow Weed Indoors?

This is one of the most common questions we receive from curious soon-to-be indoor cannabis growers: How long does it really take to grow weed? What’s the growing timeline?

It’s actually a really good question! Every new marijuana grower should know how much work they’re signing up for! The short answer is…

The Average Indoor Grow Takes 3-5 Months

The long answer is: from Day 1 of your weed plant’s life to actually smoking your harvest, it can take… 8 weeks – 7+ Months! That’s a huge range, right?

That’s why most cannabis growers won’t give you a straight answer. The truth is, there are many factors will affect the total time until you have ‘ready’ buds, by days, weeks or even months. This includes your strain, your setup, and how big you plan to grow your plants (bigger plants need more time!). So instead of giving you a huge range, an easier-to-swallow answer might be to say that the average grow takes 3-5 months for indoor growers.

This includes the time needed to grow your cannabis plant from seedling to harvest plus an additional 2 weeks (or more) which is used to cure your cannabis buds after harvest (making them more potent and better smelling).

Additionally, for at least the first time you grow, you also need to consider the time needed to get your equipment and seeds/clones.

This article will give you the total time breakdown, so you can plan out the details of your grow in order to achieve the harvest times you desire:

Ultimately, How Long to Harvest Marijuana Depends on the Desired Yields, Strain and Grow Style

Today I will show you how to plan your grow so it takes the amount of time you want!

Jump to the Section of the Tutorial You’re Interested in:

  1. Before You Start Growing Weed (0-4 weeks) – Get seeds and supplies so you’re set to start growing!
  2. Time Needed to Grow Weed, From Seedling to Harvest (8 weeks – 5+ months)
  • Germinate Your Seeds (1-7 days) – Learn about fail-proof methods to germinate perfectly in soil/coco or hydro.
  • Vegetative Stage (3 weeks – 8+ weeks) – In the vegetative stage, the cannabis plants are growing just stems and leaves. On average, most indoor growers vegetate their plants for 4-8 weeks. Seedlings are able to start flowering as early as 3 weeks from germination, but the resulting plants will be tiny. Most growers choose to let plants vegetate for longer because giving them more time to grow results in bigger plants, which tend to produce bigger yields as long as you have enough light to cover all the bud sites. That being said, you can still produce quite a bit of bud with a lot of small plants growing at once as long as you fill up your grow space.
  • Flowering Stage (5 weeks – 16+ weeks) – This is when plants start making buds. The length of the flowering stage depends heavily on the strain/genetics, with an average of about 8-12 weeks for most strains. Some strains are bred to have very short flowering stages (for example, most auto-flowering strains will naturally start flowering at around 3 weeks old and some are ready to harvest just 5 weeks later, for a total of only 8 weeks from seed!). Other strains can take months in the flowering stage before they’re ready to harvest. Typically, longer-flowering strains produce higher yields than short-flowering ones because the buds are exposed to more light-hours and have more time to fatten up, but that’s not always the case.
  1. Post-Harvest (This is when the smell/taste/look you love shows up) (2-4+ weeks) – After buds are harvested, they still need to be dried for about a week (sometimes a bit less or more), then placed in glass jars to “cure” for at least 2 weeks. This post-harvest processing dramatically improves the taste, smell and the perceived potency of the buds. It also reduces the chance of buds causing headaches or unpleasant “speedy” effects. Don’t skip this step! It will account for nearly 50% of your final bud quality! Learn how to dry & cure your buds to perfection.

If you choose the right strain, you could be smoking your own buds as soon as 3 months from germination!

Before You Start Growing Weed

Total preparation time needed: 0 days – 4 weeks

Here’s the breakdown…

Get equipment: 0 days – 2 weeks
This includes purchasing your equipment and/or waiting for it to show up in the mail. Once you have your marijuana growing supplies, you’ll need to setup your growing area and equipment. Depending on how you purchase your equipment and how quickly you setup, you could be ready the same day or in two weeks (after factoring in shipping time).

Check out examples of new grower shopping lists to learn exactly which supplies you’ll need.

Get seeds or clones: 0-4 weeks:
If you have instant access (like knowing a grower, or ordering seeds from a seed bank in your country), this should take only a little time. If you order from a seed bank overseas (especially US residents), expect a wait of about 1-4 weeks to get seeds.

Time Needed to Grow Weed, From Seedling to Harvest

Total growing time needed: 8 weeks – 5+ months

Here’s the breakdown…

Seedling Stage
Germinate your seeds: 1 – 7 days
Seedlings can sprout in as little as a day, but by 3-5 days they should be good to go. If you have access to clones, you can skip this wait.

Learn my fail-proof method to germinate your seeds in soil/coco or hydro.

Vegetative Stage
Vegetative Stage: 3 weeks – 2+ months.
The length of this stage is a matter of personal preference. Most cannabis plants need at least 3 weeks in the vegetative stage before they will start making flowers, but after that you get to choose how long your plant spends in this stage (unless using an auto-flowering strain), because you’re the one to ‘flip the switch’ and get your plant to enter the next life stage: flowering.

When you start with a seed, even with an auto-flowering plant, you will always have at least 2-3 weeks of vegetative growth before any buds start forming no matter what you do. Growers generally allow their plants to stay in the vegetative stage from a few weeks to a few months.

The size your plant achieves in the vegetative stage has a very large effect on your final yields since bigger plants produce more bud sites than smaller plants. However, you need enough light to cover all the bud sites or they will never develop properly. Light is like food for bud growth!

These vegetating plants are about 4 weeks old from germination

To give you an idea as to what your FINAL marijuana plant may look like depending on how long it spends in the vegetative stage…

This plant didn’t spend any time in the Vegetative Stage. It was given 12-12 lighting almost immediately after sprouting. It’s so small that it spent its whole life in a solo cup, and its only light came from CFLs. I weighed down the bottom of the cup so it didn’t fall over. It ended up yielding about 0.75 oz.

These auto-flowering plants spent about 3 weeks in the vegetative stage before they automatically started flowering, and were ready to harvest just 5 weeks later. They were about a foot tall at harvest and yielded approximately 2 ounces each. Read the step-by-step tutorial to grow plants exactly like this.

This marijuana plant spent about 6 weeks in the vegetative stage before being changed over to flowering and yielded just over 6 ounces at harvest. View the complete grow journal with instructions on how to grow your plant so it looks just like this at harvest!

These cannabis plants were vegetated for about 8 weeks before being flipped to the flowering stage. Although they were grown in the exact same conditions from seed to harvest, their final heights are remarkably different because their strains had vastly different genetics. The smaller plant produced 6.6 ounces, while the big plant produced 9.3 ounces. Strain can make a big difference! Learn about growing different strains together.

These cannabis plants were vegetated for about 9 weeks before being flipped, in the exact same setup as above, and produced over 10 ounces each. Besides an extra week of veg, the biggest difference between this grow and the one above was simply the strains.

This human-sized plant (one of my very first plants) spent a little more than 3 months in the vegetative stage before I realized I needed to turn it over to the flowering stage. It then spent another 12 weeks in the flowering stage before it was ready to harvest because it was a long-flowering strain. It got way too tall for its space (taller than me!) and started falling over. However, despite the huge size and more than 5 months of growth, it only ended up yielding about 6 ounces. This is because it was under weak CFL grow lights. Though there was a lot of buds, the lack of strong light made them airy, without a lot of weight. Click the picture for a close-up. 🙂

Some people put their seedlings or clones right into the flowering stage if they want to harvest quickly though this makes for extremely small plants. For example, super-stealth growers who are growing in small hidden spaces – like out of a computer case – would want to put their seedlings into flowering nearly right away to keep their plants as small as possible. It’s also important to remember that container size and grow lights make a big difference. Small containers constrain the roots and keep plants from getting as big as they could, and small lights prevent buds from fattening up as much as they could.

I personally recommend at least 4 weeks in the vegetative stage with 18+ hours of light each day for the best results. Plants that are forced to start flowering sooner than 4 weeks don’t yield much compared to how much work you put in. That being said, keeping plants relatively small does have some benefits!

A good rule of thumb…

Your plant will likely double in size (maybe a bit less, maybe more) from when you first put it into the flowering stage; this is known as the Flowering Stretch. So make sure you end the vegetative stage before your plant reaches half the final height you want, or your cannabis plants may outgrow your grow space during the flowering stage!

Flowering Stage
Flowering Stage: 5 weeks – 16+ weeks

Here’s the breakdown…

  • Week 1-3 – Transition to Flowering
  • Week 3-4 – “Budlets” Form
  • Week 4-6 – Buds Start Fattening Up
  • Week 6-8 – Buds Ripen, Pistils Darken – some strains spend longer in this stage
  • Week 8-12+ – Flowering Ends, Final Flush, Harvest

The length of time needed to stay in the flowering stage depends heavily on the strain. Once you have switched your plant into the flowering stage they will stretch (the ‘flowering stretch’), form buds and then fatten.

Here’s a list of some of my favorite and best cannabis strains by the length of the flowering period:

Short (6-8 weeks)

  • Northern Light – Known for being especially easy to grow
  • Critical Mass CBD – High-yielding, medical, high-CBD, medium-THC strain
  • Quick Critical + – Based on their award-winning Critical+ strain but with a much faster finish
  • Blue Cheese – This version of Blue Cheese is not only fast flowering, the plants grow fast and should be flowered when the plant is only 1/3 the final desired size because it may triple in height after the switch. This shaves extra time off the vegetative stage. Great effects!
  • Frisian Dew – One of the best strains for outdoor growing (and buds may turn pink or bright purple!)
  • Shiskaberry – A gem by Barney’s Farm, this strain “lifts you up” and causes a strong “head high” that can be a great way to relax after a tough day, or for when you want to get in a creative mood.
  • Auto-flowering Ultimate – One of the most potent auto-flowering strains I’ve grown so far, ready in about 10 weeks from germination (7-week flowering stage) and just overall a healthy and high-yielding plant. I plan on growing another one in my next auto-flowering grow!
  • In fact, if you’re interested in a very short flowering time, most auto-flowering strains are ready to harvest less than 3 months from seed.

Frisian Dew plant growing outdoors with deep purple buds

Medium (8-12 weeks)

  • Original Amnesia – Strong effects and very easy to grow. View grow journal
  • Supreme CBD Durban – Medical strain, has a THC:CBD ratio of 1:1
  • Pineapple Chunk – An award-winning strain that’s fruity, vigorous and potent! Its yields are not necessarily the highest, but I believe it’s worth it for the extremely high quality of buds. One of my favorite strains I’ve grown, and I definitely plan to grow it again!
  • Liberty Haze – An award-winning strain that’s curiously strong and one of the few “haze” cannabis strains that doesn’t take forever to finish flowering. Good yields!
  • Gelat.OG – An amazingly well-done cross between Gelato and OG Kush, which are two extremely popular strains in the US on the west coast. Finishes on the faster side, yet has great yields, potency and smell!
  • Wedding Gelato – Another beautiful Gelato cross, this time with the famous Gelato 33 clone (a very specific cut of Gelato), with Wedding Cake (which has taken the west coast by storm in the last few years).
  • Strawberry Lemonade – As pleasant as it sounds, with high potency and uplifting effects. Also is typically very easy to grow.
  • Gorilla Zkittlez – Another west coast favorite, this is produces beautiful buds that are covered in crystals/trichomes and is also very high yielding.
  • Peyote Critical – This strain seems to get rave reviews from everyone who tries it. Buds produce powerful effects and occasionally the buds even turn purple.

Long: (12-14+ weeks)

  • Many Haze strains, as well as some Sativa strains, and generally any strains that originated near the equator.
  • Arjan’s Ultra Haze #1 – A cross between some of the best Haze strains in Southeast Asia. If you want to try something different that is almost impossible to find in the US or Europe, this is it! It produces psychedelic effects that defy its cannabinoid content. May be too intense for some people!

In general, most strains (besides auto-flowering strains) are in the medium range as far as how long they take to flower.

It’s not exact – There’s a 2-3 week harvest window for most plants, and keeping your plants in the flowering stage for a bit longer tends to increase your yields. This is because the plants tend to really bulk up their flowers once they’ve become ‘ripe’.

So often times, even though you could harvest at the shortest recommended time, waiting an extra week or two will give you an extra 10-30% more yield compared to harvesting as early as possible.

Utopia Haze is a mix of Brazilian landrace strains

Post-Harvest (before you smoke you should do this stuff too)

Total post-harvest time needed: 2.5 weeks – 1.5+ months

Drying: 4 – 10 days
Good marijuana buds can be dried in as little as 4 days, but ideally, drying should be a slow process taking up to a week or more. Making sure your plants have been thoroughly dried (but not over-dried) will lower chances of mold during the curing process.

Curing: 2 weeks – 1+ months
Curing really seems to make the effects of buds feel less ‘speedy’ and be better suited to medical applications like treating anxiety, reducing pain, and improving feelings of depression.

Additionally, curing gets rid of any ‘cut grass’ smell, harsh taste and other undesirable traits of some freshly dried buds. Over time with proper curing, those traits will be replaced by the ‘real’ smell and potency profile of your buds.

Two weeks is considered the minimum time to cure your buds, but I personally cure all my buds for a month or even a bit longer because the buds continue to improve for several more weeks.

So, after you’ve bought seeds and equipment, grown a plant from seed to harvest, trimmed, dried and cured your buds, that brings us back to the original answer…

Total Time to Grow (and Be Ready to Use) Your Own Weed:
8 weeks – 5+ Months

Average Time to Grow (and Be Ready to Use) Your Own Weed:
3 – 5 months

If you haven’t started growing your own weed yet, today is the day!

New Grower Shopping Lists – What You Need to Get Started

How to Grow a Pound of Cannabis – Step-by-Step Instructions from Seed to Harvest

7 Tips for Growing Top-Shelf Buds – How to Grow Better Cannabis than the Dispensary!

How Long Does It Take to Grow Weed Indoors? This is one of the most common questions we receive from curious soon-to-be indoor cannabis growers: How long does it really take to grow weed?