LEARN | LAWS & REGULATIONS
Is weed legal in Vermont?
Yes, both adult-use and medical marijuana are legal in Vermont, though recreational sales are not yet operational.
Vermont legalized marijuana for medicinal use in 2004 when the state legislature passed S 76, An Act Relating to the Medical Use of Marijuana . The governor didn’t sign it, but the bill passed anyway, removing legal possession and cultivation penalties for patients and setting up the Vermont Marijuana Registry. In the intervening years, additional bills have expanded the list of qualifying conditions and the types of healthcare professionals allowed to recommend marijuana for their patients.
In January 2018, Gov. Phil Scott signed H. 511 , eliminating penalties for possessing small amounts of marijuana for adults 21 years of age and older. The law, which became Act 86, legalized up to 1 ounce (28 grams), two mature plants, and four immature plants for each adult.
In 2020, the state legalized recreational sales when Gov. Phil Scott allowed Vermont S. 54 , which was introduced in 2019, to pass without his signature. The law stipulated that all localities must opt-in to having adult-use retail establishments, special consideration be given to small-scale cultivators and businesses owned by people of color and women, and a Cannabis Control Board (CCB) and advisory board be set up.
The Department of Public Safety’s Vermont Marijuana Registry (VMR) is responsible for issuing medical cannabis cards to Vermont patients with qualifying conditions and making sure registered dispensaries are compliant with state laws. S. 54 required that control move to the CCB on March 1, 2022.
Once recreational cannabis retail outlets open (it’s planned for 2022) adults over 21 will be able to purchase cannabis in Vermont. They will be limited to flower that doesn’t have more than 30% THC and concentrates with no more than 60% THC. Edibles can have up to 50 milligrams of THC with servings of no more than 5 milligrams of THC each. Unflavored vape pen cartridges are the only oil allowed.
Registered patients and caregivers with medical marijuana cards can buy cannabis from one of the dispensaries sanctioned by the VMR . Medical sales are tax-exempt. THC limits imposed on recreational cannabis do not apply to medical marijuana.
Patients can only buy from their designated dispensary. They are limited to one chosen dispensary at a time and can only change the designation once every 30 days for a $25 fee.
A patient can assign a caregiver to buy and deliver medical cannabis if the patient is unable to obtain marijuana on his or her own. Delivery services are also available.
Finding licensed dispensaries in Vermont
Medical marijuana card holders can find licensed dispensaries in Vermont and search by cities including Burlington, Montpelier, and Plattsburgh. Many dispensaries in Vermont offer delivery and curbside pickup services in addition to storefront sales.
Cannabis cannot be consumed outside of a private space or within public view. The governor’s Marijuana Advisory Commission is recommending that Vermont’s smoke-free laws extend to cannabis. Consumption in a public place can result in a $100 fine for the first offense.
Driving under the influence of marijuana carries severe penalties. First-time offenders could face up to two years in prison and a $750 fine. Those with more than four convictions could face a decade in prison and $5,000 in fines. Consuming cannabis while driving, which extends to second-hand smoke if anyone in the car is smoking, can result in a $500 fine, even for registered patients. An open container of marijuana in a car can result in a $200 fine.
Adults 21 and older who are not patients can possess up to 1 ounce (28 grams) of marijuana or 5 grams of hashish, and grow a maximum of two mature marijuana plants or four immature marijuana plants. Marijuana harvested from home cultivation does not count towards the 1 ounce total.
A registered medical marijuana patient and caregiver can collectively possess up to 2 ounces (57 grams) of marijuana, two mature marijuana plants, and seven immature cannabis plants. Marijuana harvested from home cultivation does not count towards the 1 ounce total. Patients may only transport cannabis if the product is in a locked container out of public view.
View the cannabis laws & regulations for Vermont.
Vermont Marijuana Information
Just over a decade after legalizing medical marijuana, Vermont became the state to first legalize recreational marijuana through legislative powers alone in 2018. Their legalization approach is different than most states: Vermont legalized recreational marijuana through a bill approved by the state legislature. It definitely helps that Vermont Gov. Phil Scott has shown public support for cannabis legalization and encouraged legislature to legalize marijuana.
The state’s Democrat-heavy Legislature approved a bill legalizing recreational marijuana in May 2017, but Republican Governor Phil Scott vetoed the measure. That being said, it seems as though Governor Scott has turned over a new leaf!
“A number of states have already legalized it surrounding us,” Scott said in December 2017. “Whether we like it or not, it’s here and it’s being utilized, so we have to take steps to promote the general public.”
Vermont looks to move legalization forward in 2018, so strap in!
UPDATE!! January 10, 2018 the state Senate has passed a bill to legalize recreational cannabis! The bill was signed by the Governor, and recreational cannabis is now legal!
While you wait for the cannabis lounges to open, Vermont residents can still get their hands on some legal marijuana if they have a medical marijuana card. Patients can head to any of the licensed dispensaries in the state and purchase up to 2 ounces of usable marijuana. Patients can also grow up to 2 flowering plants and possess up to 7 immature plants. Until those lounges open, it is recommended to keep your marijuana consumption to private property.
Kush encourages discretion for all travelers. Use common sense and courtesy. Vape pens are often the best way to consume if you must in a public area. Don’t drive while high – you can be convicted of a DUI for driving under the influence of marijuana in Vermont. If you find yourself in a pinch with the law, check out our Vermont Cannabis Lawyers page for help!
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Is Marijuana legal in Vermont?
Yes, medical marijuana is legal in Vermont. In order to purchase from a licensed store, you need a medical marijuana card, which you can get from specific doctors in the state. Recreational cannabis is also legal, but there is no framework yet in place for regulated sales, so for now you will have to grow your own!
Can I get my Medical Card if I am not a Vermont resident?
No, you must be a resident of Vermont is register for a medical marijuana card.
Where can I buy marijuana?
If you have a Medical Marijuana Card you can visit any of the state-licensed dispensaries in Vermont. There is no framework yet in place for regulated sales, so for now you will have to grow your own! Hopefully lounges and shops open their doors to adults 21+ soon!
What do you need to purchase cannabis in a dispensary?
You need a medical marijuana card, which you can get from specific doctors in the state.
What types of marijuana will the dispensaries sell?
You will see a number of different flower strains categorized by their strains ranging from strong Indicas to strong Sativas and everything in between. Each strain can have different effects so be sure to ask the budtender for assistance in choosing the best marijuana for you. Strong Sativas strains are known for their general uplifting, energizing, and head high effects while Indicas are known for their full body highs and sedative effects.
Dispensaries will also sell a number of other types of marijuana products, including but not limited to:
- Concentrates: essential oils of the cannabis plant. Warning: these can be very potent!
- Edibles: Cannabis infused foods, candies, or drinks. Warning: These can be very potent! Be sure to check the serving size before enjoying and remember the effects can take up to an hour to hit you.
- Transdermal Products (Topicals): creams, lotions, massage oils and such infused with cannabis. These products are not psychoactive and will not get you high.
- Seeds: seeds that can be used to grow your own marijuana plants. Stores will have many different strains of Indicas and Sativas.
- Clones: healthy seedlings that are ready be grown.
How much will it cost?
The price of marijuana depends on strain and quality, but you can expect marijuana prices to be between $10 and $30 per gram.
How much Marijuana can I buy?
The Vermont law allows patients to have 2 ounces of usable marijuana, up to two flowering marijuana plants, and up to seven immature marijuana plants.
Can I take my purchase home if I live in another state or country?
No. All marijuana and marijuana products purchased in Vermont must be consumed in Vermont. Do not risk crossing state lines with marijuana.
Where can I consume my recent purchase?
Under the current law, patients may only consume marijuana in a private residence.
If Senate Bill 241 or Senate Bill 95 were passed by legislature, they would permit cannabis lounges as part of the legalization of recreational marijuana.
If marijuana is legalized can I still get in trouble?
Yes. You can always get in trouble at the federal level, but as long as you follow the rules for marijuana in Vermont, state and local authorities will not have any issues with you. If you find yourself in a pinch with the law, check out our Vermont Cannabis Lawyers page for help!
What is a dab?
Dabs are often compared to the hard liquor of the cannabis world, and can be found in many forms. Dabs are the essential oils and waxes of the cannabis plant that are extracted and concentrated into a potent wax form. They are known for their high concentration of THC. Smoking a dab is much stronger than smoking flowers. If you are not a regular cannabis consumer with a high tolerance, we recommend using extreme caution.
If you’re considering purchasing or doing a dab, it is also important to know what is in the essential oil being offered or sold and if it is safe. Many extracts may not have been purged correctly, and may contain residual amounts of butane or other solvents. CO 2 oil is often noted as the safest oil because critical extraction machines that use CO 2 as the only solvent extract it.
Read more about BHO and Concentrates here: “What’s the Buzz about BHO”
Nothing on this website should be considered legal advice or as a substitute for legal advice. Please respect the current state of Marijuana law in your area.
Is Recreational Cannabis legal in Vermont? Can I buy Medical Marijuana in Vermont? Are there any Dispensaries in Vermont? YES! Click here to read more!