Jay Brown: Growing Marijuana Indoors
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Jay Carter Brown
GROWING MARIJUANA INDOORS
A Foolproof Guide
I dedicate this book to my wife
who has stayed with me through
thick and thin, for richer or poorer,
in sickness and in health
I wrote this book for my wife. We both smoke cannabis and have done so for most of our lives. When I started buying cannabis, it was almost affordable if you smoked less than an ounce a month. But once you went beyond that amount, it was prudent to find some other way of obtaining “the weed.” Some people dealt a little weed and subsidized their habit that way. Others smuggled large amounts of herb into the country and pulled a bale out for their own use. Today both solutions can lead to hard time and financial ruin under North America’s seizure and forfeiture statutes.
In Canada, people can legally obtain a license to use medical marijuana if they follow the correct steps. On the surface, this appears to be an intelligent way of obtaining marijuana. But there is no guarantee that a person will be approved for medical marijuana since most doctors refuse to sign off on the appropriate government forms, perhaps from fear of reprisals.
Even if people are approved to possess marijuana, they might still have to pay someone to grow it for them. (Pot in Vancouver compassion clubs is currently about $10 per gram, which is around the same price or higher than it costs on the street.) A cannabis growing license is even harder to get than a cannabis possession license. Growing pot can be done legally in Canada with a government permit that allows a patient or a designated third party to grow cannabis. Those who wish to apply for a permit in Canada can visit the Health Canada website for medical marijuana access or write to Marihuana Medical Access Division, Drug Strategy and Controlled Substance Programme, Health Canada, Address Locator 3503B, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 1B9.
In a dozen or more states in America, there are similar programs at the state level. Federal law in the United States opposes a state’s right to dispense marijuana or issue marijuana growing permits, but more states are defying the Feds on this front. In fact in 2012 both Washington and Colorado voted to decriminalize the use of non-medical (recreational) marijuana. My own feelings are mixed about the growing permit solution because I have never trusted governments. They often change or reverse their thinking, and if that happens where does it leave pot growers who have applied for a medical pot license? It’s too late to grow your pot surreptitiously once you have already outed yourself to the government. For that reason, in the past I have used most of the generally known methods to access pot, including smuggling, dealing, and growing (outdoor and indoor, in soil, as well as with hydroponics).
Growing Marijuana Indoors outlines my preferred method of growing marijuana, one I have synthesized from my decades of experience growing pot. If you follow my rules exactly, my system is fail proof — so fail proof that it could be called “Pot Growing for Dummies.” But since this book is primarily for my wife, I won’t call it that! The idea behind this handbook was that, if for whatever reason I am not around, my wife can decide for herself if she wants her “medicine” without having to rely on anyone else to get it for her. Follow the steps laid out in this book to the letter, and you’ll have success at growing the finest marijuana that even money can’t buy.
Peace and love to everyone.
Conventional wisdom says that it is easy to grow marijuana. It is said to be a weed and, as such, grows anywhere and everywhere without any help from humans. This might have been true at one time but only to a point. Marijuana has been cultivated throughout history and was carried by humans wherever they went, so it didn’t grow wild on its own accord for long. Weed was always too valuable to be left wild and free without someone harvesting it and taking advantage of its bounty. Therefore, most cannabis in the world today is the result of careful breeding and gardening techniques. Wild marijuana is said to taste better than cultivated marijuana, but when grown indoors the wild variety is skinny and weak compared with designer-bred indoor strains. Although any type of pot can be grown indoors, every effort must be made to find the best genetic strain that will compensate for the disadvantages of indoor cultivation and be adaptable to lighting that is far weaker than the sun.
Indoor weed is bred to provide the best results for cannabis grown under lights, and it usually begins with an Indica strain. Cannabis Indica is the variety of marijuana used to make hashish. Indica plants grow shorter and thicker and provide stronger highs than the alternate variety of marijuana known as Cannabis Sativa. In effect, indoor Sativa is not a true Sativa plant at all. It is an Indica plant crossbred with a Sativa plant for an airier high. Pure Sativa plants do very poorly indoors. They take longer to grow and are skinnier and less potent than Indica plants. But Sativa plants can provide a soaring mental high without the drag-down effects of the sleep-inducing Indica plants. Therefore, crossbreeding can provide the best features of both plants, and it can be very rewarding to breed your own special brand of marijuana based on your preference for taste, potency, quality of high, long-lasting effects, burning qualities, and so on.
Male cannabis plants produce flowers that pollinate the female cannabis buds but offer very little THC, which is the active ingredient in cannabis that makes you high. Only the female plant is used to produce the dried flowers known as cannabis, but it is not the branches or leaves or buds that make you high, it is the tiny capitate-stalked trichomes or THC crystals that grow on the branches, leaves, and buds. So you are not really harvesting buds, you are harvesting the trichomes/crystals that cover the buds. It is possible to harvest some THC crystals from the leaves and branches of both the female and male cannabis plants, but not in sufficient quantities to make for good smoking.
Cultivating those coveted THC crystals takes about four months. I’ll guide you through the two main phases of cannabis cultivation: the vegetative stage (for growing leaves and stems) and the flowering stage (for growing buds). Every two months vegetative plants will move to the budding stage, budded plants will be harvested, and a new generation of plants will start the vegetative stage from vegetative plant clippings also called cuttings. This cycle ensures a regular supply of smokeable cannabis as long as you’re willing to keep growing it.
The tiny white crystals that cover the leaves and flowers are capitate-stalked resin glands
Before we get to growing your marijuana, let’s consider how to keep your garden — and you — safe and secure. Pot gardens are often camouflaged in secret rooms. Some growers use trap doors or entrances hidden behind false walls. I heard of a commercial grower who buried railway cars to grow pot. Other grow operations are located on remote farms or properties far from civilization. All of these secret growing places have been busted. Why? The growers either sold their weed to someone and it was traced back to the source, or told someone about their operation. Forget about infrared detection and odor-sniffing surveillance dogs because most (probably 95 percent) of police busts are a result of good old-fashioned stool pigeons. Once people start bragging about their grow-ops, the elaborate subterfuge and alarm systems become useless. Some people even give guided tours of their pot farms to friends and acquaintances for no other reason than misguided pride in their gardening achievements. If you are not given to bragging, then all you need to grow pot is a private closet or room, preferably in the basement of your house.
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Cfls for growing weed
Check into the laws in your particular state; many legal medical growers have been dismayed to find out that growing (even indoors) within 1,000 feet of a school is a prohibited activity. This is something far better known ahead of time, as the legal implications can be very troublesome.
Even if you are growing legally on your own property, remember that your cannabis will be very attractive to thieves. The best way to protect your plants is to have them blend in to an existing container garden or a mix of containers and larger varied plants that are perennial, larger, and growing in the ground.
An array of different greens and leaf types (think of how camouflage works) makes it much harder for the nongardener to spot cannabis. Most cannabis thieves are not gardeners; that is why they are out stealing yours!
When choosing a container for your cannabis, there are three important rules to remember:
1. The container must be able to hold soil.
2. The container must be large enough for the plant to grow to maturity.
3. Water must be able to drain easily from the bottom of the container so the soil does not get waterlogged.
The container can be any shape so long as it can fulfill these three essentials. There is an enormous variety of useful containers available. Pick your containers based on availability, cost, and efficiency. The size of containers you use for mature cannabis plants will, in part, be determined by how big you can allow the plants to get. If you live in a suburban townhouse and are growing a few on your deck, you will want to keep the plants small to avoid detection and theft. Cannabis plants are somewhat like goldfish; they will generally grow to fit their space. A ten-foot sativa towering on your balcony will be noticed by even the most unobservant passerby.
Containers can be purchased at your local nursery or hardware store. The most common kinds available are traditional oak barrels, pots made from reconstituted paper, terra cotta, ceramic, wood, plastic, and resin. If you are planning to grow your vegetables in a container for several years choose a good quality one that will last. Containers need to be cleaned on a regular basis to keep them looking good, as well as pest- and disease-free, so choose a container that you can take care of easily.
To save money, you can recycle items that are no longer fulfilling their original purpose. Some ideas for small containers for growing plants, for example, are tin cans, bricks with a center opening, milk cartons, a bucket, or an old cooking pot (a great place to use that kitchen pot that got burnt and will never come clean again!). When you purchase garden pots, there usually are holes in the bottom of them already; however, if you are recycling a container, make sure you make at least one good drainage hole so excess water can easily drain.
Some popular containers include:
Say you plan to grow four plants on your deck. You have access to water, and ideally already have some general plants out there, including herbs and container tomatoes. To simplify, you start with clones, so you know they are females. You have identified the sunniest spot and checked that taller buildings do not overlook your deck.
The least expensive way to go is to use recycled nursery pots. These can come from a friend who has recently purchased and ground-planted large shrubs, or nurseries will frequently give used plastic pots away or sell them for a nominal fee. Ones used for baby trees can be quite large—up to fifteen or twenty gallons in size. If you are using recycled pots, give them a thorough cleaning, including wiping with a light bleach solution and then rinsing with clear water. This will eliminate any harmful fungi or bacteria that may have been in the previous soil. Most nursery pots lack enough drain holes, so take a drill to the bottom and double the drain holes. Put in a bottom layer of drain rock to improve drainage.
Since you are keeping your plants small, go for the five-gallon pots; the taller variety seems to work better than the shorter, fatter version. They both hold five gallons of soil, but the taller pots suit the growing style of the cannabis a bit better. Of course, if all you can find are the shorter pots, cannabis will accommodate you and adjust itself accordingly.
Another, more elegant, solution for containers is recycled oak wine barrels. In the early heyday of cannabis growing in 1970s Mendocino County, wine barrels were cheap. The California wine industry was growing rapidly at this time, and the barrels were not typically reused once wine had been bottled. If purchased directly from the winery, the whole barrels also had the interesting benefit of frequently containing up to a gallon or so of good wine to be salvaged! Now wine barrels are sold as half barrels for $20 and up.
While wine barrels are attractive, breathe well, and have excellent drainage, they are also expensive, hard to clean, and will eventually rot. If you are going to use half barrels, make certain to get your drill out and make multiple drain holes in the bottom. The wine barrels hold more soil, so be prepared for your plants to get quite large. With the right feeding and watering, a sativa cross grown in a half barrel can easily reach eight feet in height.
It might seem obvious, but be careful and think ahead when using power tools to make drain holes. Drilling through the bottom of a container is simple until you figure out you just drilled through too far and made holes into your (or your landlord’s) nice deck. Flip the container over for this activity!
Less elegant, but much cheaper and lighter to move when empty, are food-grade 30-gallon plastic shipping barrels. Each barrel can be cut in half to yield two containers. The plastic is very tough, but still easy to drill through and cut. If you are lucky enough to live near a port, do some telephoning and find a source for the used barrels. They must be rated food-grade, which means they originally contained something like soy sauce and not motor oil. Used barrels are sold clean and typically the whole barrel will cost somewhere between $8 and $15. The plastic barrels will last for years, unlike the similar-sized oak half barrel.
Sometimes food-grade barrels come in bright colors like light blue, but the plastic will hold paint well. It is advisable to paint the outside surface with more natural colors (various greens, light browns; think camouflage again) so the barrels don’t stand out too much. If you are planting a mixed garden totally in barrels, this is less of an issue. It’s obviously not a good idea to have just the cannabis in bright containers, as it will draw attention specifically to the cannabis. You want the cannabis plants to blend in with your other garden plants.
Again, as with the half wine barrels, the plants will get quite large with so much growing space. Outdoor growers who experience vole or gopher problems with direct ground planting frequently use food grade barrels. The barrels can be half-buried in the ground for less visibility. If you use this option, be sure to make extra drain holes, as the barrel will drain more slowly when buried. If voles or gophers are a problem, place a protective screen of chicken wire over the surface of the half-buried barrel to prevent rodents from top burrowing into your container.
Читать онлайн The Beginners Guide to Growing Marijuana: Everything You Need to Start Growing Weed at Home автора Johnson Lloyd – RuLit – Страница 14