Hemp flower naturally expresses hundreds of different types of oils. Some of these oils, including flavonoids and terpenes, are also present in other plant species. Cannabinoids, however, such as CBD, are unique to Cannabis sativa, so they aren’t found anywhere else in nature. Research into hemp has mainly focused on c Learn what terpenes in CBD products are and what different types of terpenes contribute to the overall benefits of Envy CBD’s potent and premium CBD products.
Top 13 CBD Oil Terpenes Explained—What Terpenes Are & What They Do
Hemp flower naturally expresses hundreds of different types of oils . Some of these oils, including flavonoids and terpenes, are also present in other plant species. Cannabinoids, however, such as CBD, are unique to Cannabis sativa , so they aren’t found anywhere else in nature.
Research into hemp has mainly focused on cannabinoids up until this point, but recently, scientists have also become intrigued by the terpenes present in hemp flower and their potential benefits. While some terpenes are found in almost every hemp cultivar, each strain of CBD flower has a different terpene ratio, and certain rare hemp terpenes are almost impossible to find. In this guide, we’ll tell you what terpenes are and explain how they add to your Secret Nature CBD flower experience.
What are terpenes?
Terpenes are aromatic oils found in mature Cannabis sativa buds. Each terpene has a unique aroma and flavor, and research into terpenes suggests that these oils may offer potent benefits aside from smelling and tasting good.
Some studies, for instance, suggest that terpenes may have antioxidant effects , which means they might boost the effects of cannabinoids. Many terpenes have been used in Eastern medicine for thousands of years, which lends credibility to their use in medical applications.
What are terpenes in CBD oil?
Some types of CBD extract, such as full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD oil, preserve the terpenes that are naturally present in CBD flower. When present in CBD oil, terpenes add natural flavoring. Terpenes in CBD oil also provide some degree of added aroma, but the delicious smells that terpenes offer are not as noticeable in CBD oil form as they are in CBD flower.
One notable exception is live resin CBD extract, which preserves both the flavors and aromas of hemp terpenes almost perfectly. It’s also possible to reintroduce isolated cannabis-derived terpenes into full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate CBD products after they are formulated.
What do terpenes do?
While research into the effects of hemp terpenes is still in its infancy, thousands of anecdotal testimonials suggest that these compounds significantly alter the effects of CBD and other cannabinoids. Certain terpenes, for instance, appear to cause CBD flower to become more energizing, and other terpenes may induce a restful effect.
The separation of cannabis strains into “indica” and “sativa” phenotypes might have been the result of a taxonomical error , but these categories effectively describe the varying effects that different terpene profiles exert. Research continues to indicate that it’s the terpenes in hemp flower that make a strain either indica or sativa—not the cannabinoids.
Do terpenes get you high?
While certain terpenes, such as caryophyllene, appear to interact with the cannabinoid receptors in the brain, there is no indication that terpenes cause an intoxicating effect. Like CBD, CBG, CBN, and all of the other cannabinoids aside from THC, marijuana terpenes appear to be non-intoxicating, which means they won’t get you high.
What are the health benefits of terpenes?
Each terpene has a different chemical composition, which means that the health benefits of terpenes are extremely varied. Most, but not all, terpenes appear to have antioxidant effects, and other terpenes might express antifungal, antibacterial, or even antispasmodic properties.
How to use terpenes
As producers of the planet’s finest hemp products, the Secret Nature team is well aware of how to extract terpenes and how to dilute terpenes. For most hemp users, however, it’s only necessary to know how to consume terpenes, not how to prepare them.
The best way to use terpenes is to consume these beneficial oils in CBD flower or in a different kind of full-spectrum CBD product. Terpenes have the best effects when they are used in combination, and it also appears that these oils are more effective when combined with cannabinoids.
You can also use terpenes in their isolated forms. Just as it’s possible to isolate cannabinoids, it’s also possible to isolate terpenes, and we use isolated cannabis terpenes in our Hemp Flower Nectar tincture for flavoring and increased benefits. If you want to use terpenes specifically for their beneficial effects, however, full-spectrum hemp products are the way to go.
List of terpenes found in hemp
Hemp contains dozens of different terpenes and the exact terpene profile that hemp contains varies from strain to strain. In the following list, we’ll introduce you to 13 different CBD terpenes. Some of these terpenes are found in almost every Cannabis sativa cultivar, and others are relatively rare. Let’s dive in:
Also found in pine trees, pinene has two forms that each has distinctive, piney scents. Pinene is one of the most common terpenes in hemp, and it appears to have antioxidant benefits.
Humulene is an earthy terpene that is also found in the hops used to make beer. You can find this terpene in various tree species, and it has been used in Eastern medicine for centuries.
Caryophyllene is one of the most common terpenes found in hemp, and it’s also the only terpene known to stimulate the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain. Also found in black pepper and other spices, caryophyllene has a spicy, peppery aroma and taste that’s reminiscent of cloves.
Ocimene is relatively rare in hemp, but it’s very common in various flower and herb species. This terpene appears to have antiviral and antibacterial properties, and it has woody overtones that combine with light, sweet notes to create a unique aroma.
Limonene is very common in sativa-dominant CBD flower strains, and this terpene has a powerful citrus aroma that resembles lemon zest. Chemically, limonene is very similar in structure to CBD, and this terpene is unsurprisingly found in every type of citrus fruit.
Linalool is the reason that lavender smells like lavender, and scientists believe that this terpene could even be responsible for lavender’s sleep-promoting effects . Linalool is also an antioxidant, and it appears to have mood-balancing benefits
Every strain of Cannabis sativa contains at least some myrcene, and in most strains, myrcene is the dominant terpene. While most hemp strains only contain tiny concentrations of other terpenes, myrcene molecules are often present in relatively high quantities, and this terpene has a musky, earthy aroma. Myrcene is also found in thyme, lemongrass, hops, and mangoes.
Terpinolene is present in an odd mix of plants including citrus fruits, mint species, parsnips, and juniper. It’s hard to pin down the flavor profile of this elusive terpene—one moment, it smells like citrus, and the next moment, it smells like flowers. Most hemp experts agree, though, that terpene is an essential component of the energetic buzz that sativa-dominant strains provide.
Sabinene is a rare terpene that’s present in Norway spruce, carrot seeds, and black pepper. This terpene has a spicy, woody aroma, and it appears that sabinene has antioxidant and antibacterial properties.
Phellandrene is hardly ever found in hemp, but it’s readily available in various plants including water fennel, parsley, cinnamon, dill, ginger grass, and pine trees. This terpene is commonly used in cosmetics due to its high absorption rate, and practitioners of Eastern medicine have used phellandrene for centuries. Phellandrene has a woody, minty aroma with traces of citrus.
While commonly used in Chinese medicine under the name “moxa,” Borneol hasn’t received much attention in the Western world until recently. This terpene is extremely rare in hemp, but it appears that borneol has powerful analgesic properties that complement its sharp, herbal aroma. Borneol is also found in camphor, mint, and mugwort.
Isoborneol has the same molecules as borneol, but they are arranged in a different structure. This terpene is found in the same non-hemp plant sources as borneol, and it has a similar aroma. While borneol smells more like mint, however, isoborneol smells more like cinnamon. Like borneol, isoborneol is very rare in hemp cultivars.
Phytol has a grassy aroma, and it is extremely rare in cannabis. When present, however, it appears that phytol provides potent antioxidant properties. This terpene is also present in green tea, and in the pharmaceutical industry, phytol is used to synthesize vitamin E and vitamin K.
Best Terpene-Rich Secret Nature Flower Strains
Each Secret Nature flower strain has a different taste and aroma due to the terpenes it contains. In this section, we’ll introduce you to three of our most popular strains and show how the terpene profiles in Secret Dream, Papaya Nights, and Dough Boy help explain their unique effects:
Secret Nature Secret Dream is like Blue Dream but without the THC. This sativa-dominant hybrid strain has a terpene profile that’s relaxing and invigorating at the same time, and Secret Dream has a light color profile that’s accompanied by a thick layer of frosty trichomes.
- 19.1% CBD
- 20.1% total cannabinoids
- Organic, indoor-grown, and hand-trimmed
Papaya Nights is proof that terpenes have benefits that go beyond their mere effects. Due to its unique terpene profile, this sativa-dominant strain smells amazing, and Secret Nature Papaya Nights buds are so frosty you can hardly see the green underneath.
- 19.7% CBD
- 21.5% total cannabinoids
- Organic, indoor-grown, and hand-trimmed
Dough Boy is a hybrid strain, and this cultivar’s unique mix of myrcene, pinene, and linalool terpenes provides it with a taste and aroma that’s just like cake batter. This strain produces big, dense nugs, and like all Secret Nature flower options, Dough Boy is lab-tested and ships in a hermetically-sealed tin.
- Hybrid strain
- 20.5% CBD
- 21.8% total cannabinoids
- Organic, indoor-grown, and hand-trimmed
Enjoy the most impressive CBD flower terpene profiles today
At Secret Nature, we take great pride in our organic, sustainable cultivation processes. Terpenes only express themselves to their fullest extent when hemp flower is grown to perfection, which is why Secret Nature flower is the dankest and most delicious hemp bud you can find.
Aside from our top-shelf hemp nugs, we also take great care to preserve the terpenes in our other products. From our Hemp Flower Nectar tincture to our Live Resin Hemp Badder, we afford terpenes the respect they deserve by only including full-spectrum hemp extract in our products. Some of our products even contain live resin, which is even more delicious and terpene-rich.
It’s time to experience everything that terpenes have to offer. Pick a Secret Nature flower option from the list above to get started today, and save 15% on your first order with the coupon code Secret 15.
UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE OF TERPENES IN CBD PRODUCTS
It doesn’t matter if you are new to the industry or consider yourself a veteran. The CBD world is evolving quickly, which means things change fast. So there is always something new to learn. If you’ve been around the CBD world for some time, you’ve probably heard the term terpenes get tossed around at some point or another. There is a positive connotation with the word terpenes, which seems to indicate that the existence of these so-called terpenes is a good thing. But what are terpenes in CBD?
Even if you have not heard of their name, you’ve come across them before. Terpenes are found everywhere and are more common than you might realize. Whether you’ve seen it listed as an ingredient on your CBD oil or a beauty product, it is almost everywhere. So today, we will talk about the different types of terpenes and their role in broad spectrum CBD.
WHAT IS BROAD SPECTRUM CBD?
We are going to start simple with what broad spectrum CBD is. Broad spectrum products are the ones that contain all the components of the hemp plant, except THC. These products are similar to broad spectrum CBD, which contain all the cannabinoids including THC, but they lack the psychoactive cannabinoid THC. Unlike traditional pharmaceutical companies that prefer to extract a single compound for drug development, we lean towards broad spectrum CBD to ensure we reap the benefits of the entire plant.
When we use the whole plant, other phytocannabinoids and terpenes are in the CBD product too. This distinction is crucial since CBD is just one of the hundreds of cannabinoids found within cannabis and hemp plants. Broad spectrum CBD is more beneficial than an isolate because the plant components amplify each other’s therapeutic benefits. Hence they achieve something known as the entourage effect. We’ll come back to this shortly.
WHAT ARE TERPENES IN CBD?
So we know what broad spectrum CBD is. What are these terpenes that it contains? At a high level, terpenes are the aromatic, volatile compounds found in plants (not just CBD products). Whenever you smell flowers or fresh fruit, you are experiencing different types of terpenes at work. It may not be obvious, but terpenes surround us in our daily lives.
When it comes to cannabis, terpenes are the compounds that give the plant its individual, unique smell. Many don’t realize that THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids have no odor. So the fragrance comes from whichever terpenes are present. The terpenes in CBD products with THC are what produce the specific flavors.
Terpenes serve a more significant function than simply creating aroma or taste. Scientists believe they have additional beneficial properties. The existence of terpenes is not a new thing. And scientists who have been studying terpenes for a while have been led to believe specific terpenes could have different therapeutic effects. Several researchers have made notes of the role terpenes could play in aromatherapy, a holistic healing practice.
Now, a plant can have a large variety of different terpenes. When it comes to cannabis, there are maybe 200 various types of terpenes in the plant. But only a select handful of them appear in substantial amounts.
WHAT ARE THE ROLES OF TERPENES IN CBD PRODUCTS & PLANTS?
Think about all the different herbs and flowers we encounter with their distinct aromas and properties, from lavender to orange blossoms to rosemary–they are all brimming with terpenes. They have components that can make us feel good as well. For example, lavender has a calming effect. We can use orange blossom as a nerve tonic. And rosemary has long been known to be beneficial for the respiratory system. What might be surprising is that all of these terpenes are also in hemp.
Due to their healing properties, terpenes have long been the subject of scientific research. Dr. Ethan Russo was the researcher who ultimately described what the roles of terpenes in CBD are.
His paper coined the phrase the entourage effect. When it comes to hemp and CBD oil, we are not interested in all the individual properties of the various types of terpenes. Especially since the hemp plant itself has over 400 active compounds. Instead, we are interested in what all the components have to offer together. While modern medicine may favor the single extraction of compounds for drugs, whole plant extracts provide more benefits.
The blend of various compounds and substances creates this synergy that amplifies the overall effects, otherwise known as the entourage effect.
TYPES OF TERPENES
So now that we know what terpenes in CBD are and how they can help create the entourage effect, it is time to talk about the different types of terpenes and their benefits. Almost all our products contain trace amounts and sometimes, large amounts of terpenes. It’s crucial to understand what those individual terpenes are and what they add to the CBD products.
Much like its name suggests, pinene exists in pine needles, other conifers, sage, rosemary, and some citrus fruits. The aroma can be sharp and sweet. In aromatherapy, pinene can affect memory retention and alertness. Its therapeutic benefits include its use as an anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial agent.
Linalool is one of the terpenes in CBD with a delicate and floral aroma. It is present in lavender, rosewood, citrus, laurel, and birch. Many brands add linalool to their beauty products or topicals because of the pleasant scent. Linalool can have calming effects in aromatherapy as a sleep aid or anti-anxiety ingredient. It can also help with stress, depression, pain, and even convulsions.
When it comes to cannabis, the myrcene terpene is one of the most common terpenes in CBD to be brought up. It has a musky, earthy, and herbal aroma that people associate with cannabis. Although it is the smallest terpene, myrcene has powerful effects on the body. It also creates a drowsy, sleepy effect by making people feel tired. Outside of hemp and cannabis, it is present in mango, thyme, lemongrass, and bay leaves. Myrcene can have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antimicrobial, and antifungal effects.
Limonene is another type of terpene that is named accordingly. This terpene exists in citrus fruits, and it has the aroma of lemons. It is a mood booster terpene in CBD with the potential to alleviate emotional turbulence and provide general stress relief. As far as other therapeutic or medical properties, it is known to be an antifungal and anti-inflammatory agent. It can be helpful for anxiety, depression, and gastric reflux.
Now, what’s particularly interesting about limonene is the role it plays in CBD. It is a very important terpene because it expedites the absorption rate of other terpenes.
Caryophyllene is abundant in cloves, cinnamon, basil, oregano, and black pepper. It has a spicy, woody, or pepper-like aroma. The caryophyllene terpene in CBD is unique because it doesn’t have evident physical effects. Although, it has shown potential in helping with insomnia, muscle spasms, and pain. What sets it apart from other types of terpenes is that it may have the potential to interact with the endocannabinoid system, similar to cannabinoids.
Humulene is another common terpene in CBD that is also present in hops and coriander and has an earthy and woody scent. This terpene can act as an appetite suppressant and an anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial agent.
LAB REPORTS & TERPENE CONTENT
An oversimplified way to think of terpenes is to think of them as essential oils. Hemp and cannabis plants have specific tastes and aromas due to the presence of their terpenes. And much like there are essential oils for everything, terpenes can also provide specific physical effects such as a calming sensation or help with alertness.
Not all labs test to know if there are terpenes in their CBD products. So they may not show in the lab reports or Certificates of Analysis. However, that does not mean they are not present. If you are ever concerned about the terpenes present in a product or do not see them listed in the COA, reach out to the company or brand directly.
At Envy CBD, almost all our products contain trace amounts of various types of terpenes because we prefer to lean towards creating broad spectrum CBD products. All our lab reports are made readily available, and we are more than happy to answer any questions you may have. Below is a breakdown of the terpene content for a few of our product categories.
To summarize what terpenes are in CBD products, we can point to the different roles they play. Because of their healing properties and distinct aromas, terpenes have several therapeutic uses, especially in aromatherapy. Broad spectrum CBD means that all of the terpenes and cannabinoids of the whole plant stay intact during processing. And this impacts how the body receives CBD.
Unlike in modern medicine, where they favor a single extract of a compound for the production of pharmaceutical drugs, broad spectrum CBD uses a combination of terpenes and various cannabinoids. The synergy between different substances working together creates the entourage effect. CBD isolate products cannot achieve this effect. And that is a big reason why Envy CBD leans heavily towards broad spectrum CBD products.
Plants contain hundreds and hundreds of different types of terpenes responsible for their aromas. Cannabis and hemp plants are no exception. While there are around 200 terpenes in the cannabis plant, there is only a handful that has significant amounts to be noticeable. Each terpene in CBD has different physical effects and medical properties with the potential to enhance the product. In other words, it works together to provide multiplied perks.
Whether or not you knew what terpenes were in CBD, it is more than likely that you’ve encountered them at various points throughout your life. Many of the scents we recognize, such as citrus, lavender, rosewood, sage, and so on, are the result of terpenes at work. We’re already very familiar with the benefits of some of these herbs and plants, so it is no surprise that the terpenes from these extracts also have similar benefits.
The most common types of terpenes in broad spectrum CBD are pinene, linalool, myrcene, limonene, caryophyllene, and humulene. Pinene at a high level is great for memory retention, alertness, and asthma. Linalool is recognized for its association with lavender and has calming benefits for anxiety and depression. Myrcene creates a musky and dank aroma that has come to be associated with cannabis. Limonene helps increase the absorption rate of other terpenes. Caryophyllene helps with insomnia, and humulene is an appetite suppressant.
THE BOTTOM LINE
Terpenes in CBD have much more to offer than just providing a distinct taste or smell. It is not common knowledge that terpenes have so many natural uses. Much like essential oils, there is likely a terpene for everything. While you can use CBD isolates on their own, the interaction of all the hemp compounds in broad spectrum CBD offers better overall benefits. When the terpenes interact with the other substances present, their properties are magnified, creating a better experience for the user.
An easy way to think about terpenes is to think about them the way you would with essential oils. While they are not the complete story, they add an extra layer to the CBD experience. Various types of terpenes have different properties, and everyone has a different preference for aromas or scents. While not all labs test for terpene content in their CBD products, this doesn’t mean they are not present. The next time you are looking for a CBD product to address specific pain points or needs, consider products that contain terpenes that may directly impact those needs.
We encourage all of our customers to do research and due diligence before making any CBD purchase. Reputable brands will always provide Certificates of Analysis that break down the exact contents. Envy CBD is proud to be a premium provider of potent and organic CBD products. See some of our CBD tinctures below, or visit our shop to choose from our vast collection of premium CBD products.
CBD TINCTURE OIL – DOUBLE APPLE
This CBD-infused tincture oil has the crisp, sweet, and ultra-satisfying flavor of green & red apples. It makes wellness a necessary and tasty part of life.
cbd tincture oil – orange
This CBD-infused tincture oil features an incredible orange flavor, complete with zesty overtones and saccharine undertones. It provides a tasty alternative to achieving overall wellness.
CBD TINCTURE OIL – strawberry watermelon
This CBD-infused tincture oil pairs the flavor of freshly-picked California strawberries with plump, juicy, and succulent watermelons. It helps you achieve total relaxation on a sweet note!