Best Conditions For Your Drying Room and How To Dry Cannabis
The final stage of the entire growing process requires harvesting and drying the buds out. It sounds easy enough, however, there is a right way and wrong way to do it and each can be the difference between chunky, incredible smelling buds with the ultimate bag appeal, or a flat-looking flower that has a minimal aroma with a fresh chlorophyll taste.
In this article, we explain how to dry your buds properly, the correct dry room scenario, and our top tips for drying your buds to perfection.
1. The Dry Room
For those new to growing Cannabis, have a clear understanding of exactly what occurs in the drying room is essential. The aim is to slowly dry the flowers according to the temperature and humidity levels present.
Sometimes it is not possible to control the temperatures of your drying room, however, if you aim for 15 degrees Celsius then this will be the ideal temperature. It is much better to dry the buds slowly at a lower temperature and spend the extra 2-3 days patiently waiting until the grow room reeks of terpenes.
Top Tip: If you have a temperature fan controller, then setting it to 15 degrees Celsius will allow the drying room to stay consistent.
If the goal is to reduce the wet flower down to the point it is ready for curing jars, then it is necessary to do this process slowly. Keeping humidity levels at 40-50% will encourage the flowers to air out in their own time, and once the flowers are close to dry, then they can be placed in an airtight curing jar, from where they will reduce down further.
Top Tip: Use a dehumidifier to reduce the humidity levels in the air if you suffer with high humidity and use a humidifier to add moisture if required.
A very important part of the drying room that can dry out too quickly. You should never have a fan blowing directly at the buds, and the airflow in the room should be very light and fresh. If using a fan, point in the direction away from the buds and have it blowing on the floor.
Using fans in a warm environment is the number one culprit for flowers that have been speed dried.
Top Tip: It is better to have very low airflow, however a fresh circulation of air in the dry room. Using grow tents and hanging plants inside in darkness is ideal.
Light or Dark?
The drying room should be a cool and dark place, that does not have an intense light or direct sunlight entering. As plants are left to die on the vine and hang up in the dry room, keeping them in darkness will guarantee the chlorophyll aroma and taste are totally removed, leaving behind terpene-rich, aromatic buds.
Top Tip: Once the harvested plants are inside the drying room, there is no need to return until the two-week mark, so keeping the room in total darkness is not an issue.
2. How Long Should Buds Take To Dry?
When harvesting the flowers off a Cannabis plant, their buds should be left in a dry room that meets the optimum conditions. It is during this time that the moisture levels are reduced from 100% down to 30-40% depending on curing criteria. Buds should be left to dry for a minimum of 10-day and ideally 14 days, until the point of being hard to touch with the twigs and branches being able to cleanly break with an audible snap.
What To Remember
• Freshly harvested plants should take a full 2 weeks to be fully dried.
• Smaller-sized buds or wet trimmed buds may be ready in 10 days.
• The dry room will slowly reduce the moisture content of the buds.
• This is where the chlorophyll will die off and the fresh smell will go.
3. Speed Drying
We have all probably been guilty of this at some point, and there is nothing worse than speed drying a crop. If intentional or not, the end result always lacks a full aroma and flavor. Speed drying basically means the crop has been rushed and dried in 3-5 days maximum due to high temperatures and excessive airflow directly on the buds.
When a flower is dried so quickly, it will not have a chance to kill the chlorophyll that was present only a week prior. The color of the buds will also have a darker shade of green than normal and the smaller leaves wrapped around will be bone dry and when grinding the buds, the majority will become dusty.
4. Smell Proof The Dry Room
Drying your freshly harvested Cannabis plants in a smell-proof environment should be a growers main concern for a number of reasons. The main one being to prevent neighbors from catching a whiff of your high grade, and it also allows you to place the buds inside your grow tent for the next 2 weeks and benefit from using the carbon filter and extraction unit.
Top Tip: Avoid placing your flowers inside a cardboard box or leaving them hung on in an old cupboard, and treat them with extreme delicacy.
5. What To Consider When Drying Your Cannabis Buds
1. Be patient and wait until the buds are ready. It can be extremely tempting to keep on taking flowers as the buds are drying, and sometimes the only choice for some growers have. However, patients will reward you with the best tasting, smelling and looking flower possible.
2. The way to test if your buds are dry enough to be cured, is to take a bud and snap the inner twig. If the twig feels hard and snaps easily then you are good to go. However, if the twig does not make a clear-snapping noise and feels soft, then it will need more time.
3. For the sake of smell proofing your drying room, use a grow tent that is equipped with a carbon filter. Grow tents are cheap and converting it into a permanent drying room is well worth the investment in the long run.
4. The chlorophyll and fresh smell will disappear once the buds have been properly dried. If the buds contain a fresh, hay aroma then the leaves have not been trimmed correctly, or the flower has been dried too quickly.
5. If you are going to use an oscillating fan, turn the fan away from the buds so the air is blowing around the room, and off the floor. The key is to have a soft, freeze cool breeze circulating the room, as opposed to warm air blowing around at a fast rate.
6. Buds that were infected with mold should not be dried and are not suitable for consumption. Smoking contaminated flowers or extracts can cause serious health issues.
6. In Conclusion
If you follow the right steps and have plenty of patience, then it will only take 2 weeks to have cup-winning flowers. There are many ways during this time things can go wrong, so take the extra steps necessary to turn the crop you have spent the last 10 weeks growing into the finest cured flowers around.
The final stage of the entire growing process requires harvesting and drying the buds out. It sounds easy enough, however, there is a right way and wrong way to
The Perfect Cannabis Drying Room
Methodology is key to producing high-quality cannabis products. After you’ve planted, harvested and manicured your cannabis plants, the next step is to dry the buds. Without the proper equipment, environment and consideration, the drying process could go wrong. To ensure your final product lives up to you and your patients’/customers’ expectations, you’ll want to place extra care in the development and capabilities of your drying room.
Depending on how much handling is involved in your drying process, too much friction will impact the quality of your buds. By frequently re-positioning your buds, the valuable resin can be lost in the process. This is especially true after the cannabis buds have been dried. It’s essential that your growers are trained to handle the flower properly to retain as much resin as possible.
The temperature of the environment is a vital ingredient of a highly-effective drying process. If you’re using a dry ice drying process, you’ll want to keep temperatures just below 32 degrees Fahrenheit. The perfect drying room may also have a refrigerator where you can jar and store buds at above 45 degrees Fahrenheit to help extend the preservation of the buds. Temperatures above 72 degrees should be avoided at all costs.
Temperature is also affected by the room’s lighting. Exposing your buds to UV light rays can damage them if not monitored closely. Direct light can increase the temperature of the bud at its core which can negatively affect the consistency of the flower’s resin and the strength of the buds. Natural sunlight and artificial grow lights can be especially harmful if directly exposed for prolonged periods of times.
The humidity in the room plays a pivotal role in drying out buds. While too much moisture can negatively impact the result, so can a room that is too dry. Buds that are too moist are not easy to smoke by the consumer. Since THC is activated by heat, it’s important that the final product is not damp. Once humidity levels rise above 80%, the amount of time required to dry will be significantly extended. Lastly, if the humidity levels are too low, such as below 30%, you must also adjust the air circulation to accommodate the lack of moisture.
Circulating the air in the drying room helps maintain a consistent environment for your product. When humidity is high, you’ll need to ensure that there is plenty of circulation; otherwise, the buds will remain too moist and may take longer to dry thoroughly. Air flow controllers is just one piece of equipment your drying room should have.
Your operation is only as efficient as the equipment used. Choosing the right industrial tools for the job can go a long way in your production process. Hang drying racks, and tray racks are two of the most common drying methods used today. If your drying room is pressed for space, you might consider using a tray rack setup. If the area is not an issue, you can outfit the drying room with hangers where you can clip full branches. The equipment you install in your drying room is a big part of the drying process.
Keeping your drying room sanitary at all times is a critical component in safely producing cannabis products. A drying and manicuring room is very much like a kitchen. As the buds are at the core of any cannabis operation and are to be consumed in various methods, they should be treated with great care and consideration. Sanitation will also prevent pests from invading your drying room; spider mites are among the most common intruders known to cause detrimental damage to your product
After you've planted, harvested, and manicured your cannabis plants, the next step is to dry the buds. During this process, it is essential to have the right set up.