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Grapes are useful landscape plants as well as producers of delicious fruit. They are primarily grown for fruit production in home gardens or vineyards where ornamental interest is not a concern. However, grapes do in fact have good ornamental value: bold summer foliage, some fall color, showy fruit and shaggy, twisted trunks often best seen in winter. When grown on fences, walls, trellises, arbors or other structures, grapes can be quite attractive year-round and can provide good cover, screening, or shade to areas around the home.

The grapes most widely cultivated in the Northeast are derived primarily from Vitis labrusca and are referred to as American bunch grapes. Another grape species, Vitis vinifera, is native to southern Europe and recognized throughout the world for its wine quality. Unfortunately, the European grapes are extremely sensitive to cold temperatures common in the Northeast. Many American cultivars offered have been derived from crosses between these two species. These French-American hybrids produce good wines, and are also good table grapes, yet are much hardier than their V. vinifera parent.

Grapes are a delightful addition to any garden. When cultivated properly, they can provide quality eating and drinking. Grapes are best planted in a full sun location sheltered from winter winds (preferably a southern facing slope) and well removed from frost pockets.

Grapes are not particular about soil and do especially well in clay and loam soils that have been improved with organic matter. They will grow best in well-drained soil with a pH of 5.5 to 7.5. Plant the grapes once the soil is workable in spring by digging a hole approximately 1-1/2 times the diameter of the root system. Set the rootstock into the soil, spreading the roots out in a circular fashion. Firmly tamp soil around the base of the trunk. Space plants approximately 8’apart. Trim the vine back to 3-4 buds. No fertilizer is required at planting. Keep the vines watered well during the summer and keep weeds under control. It is best to tie up canes as they grow and keep them off the ground. This will help reduce disease and improve vine training. Grapes need a support system, training, regular spraying and pruning to maximize fruit production.

IMPORTANT NOTE ABOUT BARE ROOT PLANTS
You may be a little startled when you first encounter a ‘bare root’ plant. This is simply a plant that has had the soil washed from its roots to facilitate shipping, and to help prevent the transfer of soil-borne pathogens and pests. Our bare root plants are shipped to you in a dormant state, just prior to your planting season. Unpack your plants and submerge the roots into a bucket of water for 1 hour so the roots will begin to absorb moisture. Be sure to plant them within 48 hours, before the plants break their dormancy.

ORDER MINIMUM: A $150.00 minimum order on items supplied by Garden Galleries is required. Orders not meeting the minimum will be charged an additional $25 processing fee.

SHIPPING INFO: Home Garden products have fixed ship dates based on your location. Garden Galleries products will ship to you directly from our supplier via UPS in early spring unless youspecify a later ship week in the Order Notes field at checkout. Shipments continue through late spring until product is sold out. Please see individual product pages for more information and any state restrictions.

Grapes are useful landscape plants as well as producers of delicious fruit. They are primarily grown for fruit production in home gardens or vineyards where ornamental interest is not a concern. However, grapes do in fact have good ornamental value: bold summer foliage, some … Grapes are useful landscape plants as we

Grape Seed Extract

In this Article

In this Article
In this Article
  • Why do people take grape seed extract?
  • How much grape seed extract should you take?
  • Can you get grape seed extract naturally from foods?
  • What are the risks of taking grape seed extract?

Grapes — along with their leaves and sap — have been traditional treatments in Europe for thousands of years. Grape seed extract is derived from the ground-up seeds of red wine grapes. Although fairly new to the U.S., grape seed extract is now used to treat a number of diseases.

Why do people take grape seed extract?

There isВ evidence that grape seed extract is beneficial for a number of cardiovascular conditions. Grape seed extract may help with a type of poor circulation (chronic venous insufficiency) and high cholesterol. Grape seed extract also reduces swelling caused by injury and helps with eye disease related to diabetes.

Many people are interested in grape seed extract because it contains antioxidants. These are substances that protect cells from damage and may help prevent many diseases. However, it’s still too early to say whether the antioxidant properties of grape seed extract really benefit people. Researchers are studying grape seed extract to see if it might lower the risks of some cancers. For now, the evidence is not clear.

Grape seed extract has been studied for use in many other conditions — ranging from PMS to skin damage to wound healing — but the results have been inconclusive.

How much grape seed extract should you take?

There is no firmly established dose of grape seed extract. Doses of between 100-300 milligrams/day have been used in studies and are prescribed in some European countries. No one knows what the highest safe dose is.

Can you get grape seed extract naturally from foods?

Grape seed extract comes from grapes. There are no other food sources.

What are the risks of taking grape seed extract?

  • Side effects. Grape seed extract is generally considered safe. Side effects may include headache, itchy scalp, dizziness, and nausea.
  • Risks. People allergic to grapes should not use grape seed extract. If you have a bleeding disorder or high blood pressure, talk to your doctor before you start using grape seed extract.
  • Interactions. If you take any medicines regularly, talk to your doctor before you start using grape seed extract. It could interact with drugs like blood thinners, NSAID painkillers (like aspirin, Advil, and Aleve), certain heart medicines, cancer treatments, and others.

Given the lack of evidence about its safety, grape seed extract is not recommended for children or for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Sources

Longe, J., ed. The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, second edition, 2004.

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center web site: “About Herbs: Grape seed extract.”

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: “Herbs at a Glance: Grape seed extract.”

Natural Standard Patient Monograph: “Grape seed extract.”

Grape seed extract may help improve circulation and cholesterol, as well as reduce swelling from injury and help with eye disease related to diabetes. WebMD explains the benefits and side effects of this antioxidant.