auto chem

We welcome Auto-Chem to the Recochem family of companies!

Recochem Inc. is pleased to announce the acquisition of Auto-Chem, effective February 28, 2020.

Auto-Chem is a leading Canadian supplier of Car Care products— with a high quality selection of extremely efficient cleaning, protection and specialty products for the exterior and interior surfaces of Cars, Trucks, RVs and Boats. Founded in 1988, Auto-Chem will maintain their office and production facility in Repentigny, Québec. Like Recochem, Auto-Chem produces both branded and private label products across Canada for leading retail customers making them a great fit for our portfolio.

The Technical and R&D team at Auto-Chem will now be augmented by Recochem’s Technology Centre in Edmonton to accelerate innovation into new product and offerings. Auto-Chem will operate as a subsidiary of Recochem under the leadership of its current president. Together we’re finding new opportunities to help us deliver additional value to you, our customers. Using our combined expertise, technologies and supply chain to provide an unsurpassed advantage to the market, the addition of Auto-Chem fits with our strategic goal as the Transportation Solutions leader. By partnering with Auto-Chem, Recochem enters a new target segment – Car Care – allowing us to take these products and related technology to our current channels and to new international markets with our global customer base.

We welcome Auto-Chem to the Recochem family of companies! Recochem Inc. is pleased to announce the acquisition of Auto-Chem, effective February 28, 2020. Auto-Chem is a leading Canadian

Auto chem

Detailing Spray & Erazer Lubricant

Q uick Shine – a professional grade detailing spray for stand-alone use, or with our erazer™ CLAY-BAR.

AUTO-CHEM Quick Shine provides a ‘high bead’ wet look gloss quickly and easily without hard rubbing. It is excellent for removing light dust, fingerprints, water spots etc.. Water based – safe on all paint, plastic and trim. Anti static, anti streak and anti UV. (read more)


S creen Clean has been formulated to remove even the toughest bug residue. Clears streaks of filth, traffic film, bugs and dirt – instantly. Safe on glass, rubber, paint and plastic. Ideal to dilute and place in window washer bottle reservoir for continued use in trucks, cars, buses, agricultural – and industrial equipment. AutoChem Screen Clean penetrates biological deposits to break down and emulsify them so they are easily removed from the windshield by the washer fluid and wipers. (read more)


W ash n’ Wax contains synthetic waxes and natural Carnauba wax (the hardest wax known) in a “High Bead” Shampoo, thus providing a protective, gloss-enhancing coat. Plus, it provides lubrication to prevent scratching when hand washing your car, by floating off abrasive particles in a synthetic lubricant layer. Waxes & Shines as it shampoos and cleans. Clean without scrubbing. Leaves a wax shine when rinsed. Free rinsing, no streaking when used as directed. Safe on all surfaces. Helps prevent rust and corrosion in joins and crevices. (read more)

AUTO-CHEM, a new, fast, scratch-free way to care for your paint and bodywork. ]]>


can u put weed in a hookah pen

How to use a vape pen to smoke weed & 7 devices first timers will love

If you’re newbie to the wide world of weed and unsure of how to smoke it or to toke it, and if you are wondering how to use a vape pen for the first time, then you have come to the right place; we are here to enlighten you on how to vape weed! Don’t sweat it if you don’t know wax weed from THC cartridges, or if you are confused about the difference between a marijuana vape pen or a cannabis oil pen – we will attempt to bring clarity to each consumption method, or at least provide some element of clarity.

Vaping and dabbing has become arguably as popular as puffing on a weed pipe or toking a joint, maybe more-so with concentrated oil cartridges and dab weed, or wax weed. Vaping cannabis will get you higher faster, with more potency than traditional cannabis combustion consumption. Both push button vape pens and button-less vape pens are small, portable and more discreet than pipes, bongs or dab rigs when it comes to blazing on the go or even sharing a smoke sesh with friends! All cannabis consumers had a “day one” when smoking weed at one point, so sharing stoner wisdom helps us all, and who doesn’t want to know how to use a dab pen? So, read on, o’ seeker of weed vaping knowledge!

( Herb chamber from a marijuana vape pen, image from Sarkazz Vapes on Instagram)


Portable vapes for cannabis consumption are kind of the bastard children, or maybe cousins, of e-cigarettes and tobacco vapes, which came first. Vaping weed has caught on as cannabis legalization has spread, because some ganja guys and gals feel the vapor is purer than pot leaf burning with fewer particulates, thus less coughing. Also, weed vape pens are easily portable and discreet when you are out and about. If you’ve got a pen with a great battery capacity, then you can hit your flower on multiple adventures.

Wax weed and THC cartridges, the most popular ways to vape or dab weed, are concentrates and thus stronger than burning regular ol’ leaf weed – cannabis concentrates contain very high THC levels of around 40 to 80 percent versus 20-25% for weed pipes and joints. Even leaf can be used, some say more effectively than a lighter and pipe, in a weed vaporizer. Come then, let us now explore the ways and means of vape pens for weed – and a few other weed vaporizer contraptions!

(Prefilled vape oil cartridge, image from Concept Distro Ktran on Instagram)

How to use a Vape Pen:

There are actually a couple kinds of weed vape pens, there is the dry herb vape pen and the oil pen. Dry herb vapes heat your pot leaf to the point at which cannabinoids and terpenes become gaseous vapor without actually combusting the cannabis plant matter – some find the herbal vapor less irritating than typical weed smoke. Pre-loaded cannabis oil vape cartridges, hash oil vape pens, and disposable vape pens are types of oil pens, there are also oil stix pens that have empty vape cartridges or refillable vape cartridges that you fill with your own homemade vape oil. The difference between the two is that dry herbal pens burn leaf at regular strength, while the oil pens all burn concentrated oils, both types offer a smoother toking experience than weed pipes, joints or blunts. You can opt for a buttonless vape pen that you just draw from to use, or learn how to use a push button vape pen, which sounds simple enough, but some pens have various modes that are activated by clicking the button in a sequence. One glance through a user manual though and you’ll be ready to use a vape pen, no matter what the sequence is.

Dry Herb Weed Pen

1) Use fresh ground herb from your favorite weed strains; maybe a couch lock type indica like Sweet Tooth, a balanced hybrid like White Fire OG, or an energizing and head rush inducing sativa like Power Plant.

2. Pack some herb into the vape pen’s removable, refillable chamber.

3. Click the pen on.

4. Some weed pens have a button you push to activate the heating chamber; if so, then depress this and inhale from the mouthpiece; if there’s no push button, just inhale to start vaping cannabis vapor.

5. Remove the pen from your mouth and exhale your vapor. It’s that simple! Depending on the size of your refillable vape cartridge, you should have enough weed in the chamber for 3-4 pulls, the last pull will show hardly any vapor when you exhale.

6. Then you simply refill the empty vape cartridge when you want to smoke more weed.

Here is a video demonstration of using a dry weed vape pen:

(Vape pen with refillable cart for wax oil or dry herb, image from Budtank Doris720 on Instagram)

Oil or Wax Weed Pen for Cannabis Extracts

1) Make sure you know how to charge a weed vape pen; when initially purchased, your weed vape pen – whether the dry herb vaporizer pen above, or an oil pen or wax weed pen – has to be charged for several hours before you can first use your vape pen for weed or a vape cartridge. After the initial charge, you’ll have a day or two’s worth of usage before the charge weakens and it stops vaporizing your weed or concentrates; then you have to screw the threaded end into a USB or wall power outlet and let it recharge for an hour or two. Usually the push button or vape body has a built-in LED light indicator that glows red while it is charging and then turns green when it is ready.

2) Attach the oil cart, THC cartridge, CBD cartridge, or wax weed dab cartridge to the battery, which is the vape pen body. There’s usually a plug or cover on one end of your oil cart, so remove that and set it aside – you’ll want to recover the screw-in end when you decouple it from the vape pen body because vape pen cartridges do leak sometimes in warm rooms or in direct sunlight. Then you simply screw the vape cartridge to the battery pack and turn the thing on with the push button.

3) Wax weed vapes have a ceramic heating chamber at the top to add your wax weed, cannabis shatter, e liquid, pot crumble or whatever concentrate you have on hand – you can even smoke leaf in these, but they’re pretty small, about the size of an eraser. So, if you have this kind and want to know how to vape wax weed, just scoop it out of its container and place it in the ceramic chamber with some tweezers or a nail head. Some wax weed vapes have a globe with a mouthpiece atop that fits over the ceramic refillable vape chamber, and when you push the heat setting button for the heating element, the globe fills with vapor which you then draw out through the mouthpiece – we have a globe vape pen like this and it’s a great way to smoke weed concentrates!

4) If you have a buttonless vape pen, all you have to do once the oil or THC cartridge has been attached is put the mouthpiece to your lips and draw in for 3-4 seconds, and then hold it for a beat, then quickly exhale – like taking a deep breath. THC and other cannabinoids enter your system within a couple of seconds, so wait a few minutes – up to 10 minutes for those new to vaping or dabbing wax weed or oil concentrates. With a push button vape pen, you have to push and hold the power button just before and as you draw: some have sequences of button clicks that adjust the heat settings from low (3 volts) to high (6v), depending on the density of your oil. Other vape pens have you double-click to preheat the oil vape cartridge for 10 seconds before you draw your hit.

5) Then you can hit at your leisure, lather-rinse-repeat; refilling your wax, oil, or e liquids as they’re used up, or replacing oil cartridges when they are emptied. When you are done you usually deactivate a vape pen by clicking the power button five times, which is also how you turn the thing on. Some vapes will even power off automatically. If your vape pen isn’t working, check to make sure that it is turned on and/or charged.

(Push button vape pens, image from O2 Vape on Instagram)

Tips and Tricks for Getting the Most Out of Your Vape Stick or Vape Pen:

  • For the best vaping experience, you need the best carts. Some popular brands of cannabis oil vape cartridges include the Captain Bubba Space Vape cartridge; Claw Concentrates, The Clear cartridges, THClear and Bloom vape cartridges. Popular vape pens include Alpine Vapor – which makes several varieties of disposable wax vapes or oil pens that can be discarded after they have run dry; also well-regarded is The Clear vape pen that accommodates their own oil cartridges as well as other 510-thread standard vape battery bases.
  • You can turn wax into oil for vape pens using products like Wax Liquidizer , which is a chemical agent that claims to be able to turn weed wax into vape e liquid in seconds, that you can take a $100 worth of cannabis concentrates and turn them into about $800 in weed vape oil, that it will create stable concentrate infused vape juice, and that you can save money by using your own refillable vape cartridges. Apparently, all you have to do is add 2ml of Wax Liquidizer and 1 gram of your favorite concentrate to a microwave-safe container, zap it in the microwave 10 seconds, then stir until you have an even, smooth consistency, draw the infused vape oil into a measuring syringe, then fill your refillable vape cartridges, attach to your oil vape pen and enjoy!.

Here is a vid on using Wax Liquidizer to turn your wax into oil for vape pen:

  • Colored vape smoke can be achieved by using colored gel spot lights that shine through the vapor cloud when you exhale, or if you photograph the vape smoke then you can use various photo filters to add colors to the vapor; using chemical agents to create colored vape smoke is potentially dangerous to your lungs, and many people vape weed for specific health benefits, primarily that you can avoid the chemicals and particulates from regularly burning pot!
  • Some vape pens adjust temperature by clicking the power button and cycling through low, medium and high settings. If you want to know the best temperature for vaping weed, then we can tell you that it will depend on the effect that you are going for – if you want slightly more of a buzz, then the lowest temperature setting (probably under 330°F), but still don’t want to get all-out stoned, then medium settings have a temp range between about 340-390°F; the highest setting is over 390°F which could give you a very intense high and maybe some psychedelic trippiness, but can have added health benefits, as it is good for treating acute anxiety, stress, insomnia and severe pain.
  • If your disposable vape cartridge is not working, then maybe your cartridge is not properly connected to the battery. Disconnection is caused when the battery contact on the cannabis cartridge has been pushed too far up into the base of the cartridge, causing a loss of battery connection. Most marijuana vape pen manufacturers recommend that you only screw in the cartridge to the battery just until all threads meet; screwing pen vape and battery too tightly together can sometimes push the heating element in too far. To make sure that the element is pulled out so it is flush with the bottom of the cartridge take the tip of a pocket knife, or the tip of a box cutter works well, pull up the heating element so the element is flush with the bottom of the cartridge.

(Volcano vape with bag attached, image from Tigon69 on Instagram)

Lastly, Here are Those 7 Devices First-Timers Will Love:

1) Volcano Desktop Vaporizer

Desktop versions for vaping cannabis are generally not portable, because they are larger and corded, so you have to plug them into a wall outlet. However, for anyone smoking weed who wants to eek out all possible health benefits, particularly those using medical marijuana, then a tabletop vaporizer is going to be your new best friend. Tabletop vaporizers generally have knobs or digital controls that allow you to precisely adjust the temperature to get optimum vaporization of your weed, and, therefore, optimum health benefits. Some desktop vapes have hookah-like hoses you puff your vape from, or a balloon-like bag that fills with vapor which you then inhale from. The Volcano is a desktop vaporizer made by Storz and Bickel that is immensely popular and retails for around $479.00 USD.

2) Dab rigs

Dabbing is a method to inhale cannabis vapor from weed wax, dab weed or even hash oil through a dab rig. Dab rigs utilize a handheld torch with a type of bong, or water pipe, that has a heating element that allows fast vaporization of cannabis concentrates when the torch flame is applied. The dab rig heating element, or dab tool, is referred to as a skillet or a nail, which is most often made from titanium, quartz or sometimes glass. Dabbing is what you call it when vape smoke, created when the skillet or nail is heated by the torch, collects in a chamber and then you release it through the mouthpiece and breathe it in. Dab rigs come in a variety of colors and styles, with prices that vary from $25.00 to over $400.

For a well-priced, quality dab rig, we recommend something like the Big Puck Dab Rig from Diamond Glass.

3) Pax Weed Vaporizers

Pax makes a number of cylindrical portable vapes with a chamber on their base that you put your leaf or weed wax in. The mouthpiece on top acts as the power button, so you push this down, and then the LEDs on the front of the Pax vape begin to flash – after about 30 seconds, the lights turn green and the Pax marijuana vaporizer vibrates to let you know that it’s time to inhale. Pax weed vapes cost around $200-$250.

4) Rove Battery

Rove makes battery base vape pens and oil cartridges to use in their oil vapes. Rove pen vapes are standard 510 gauge, so they work with any prefilled oil carts or refillable vape cartridges, though the manufacturer states that it is best to use their own vape oil cartridges. Rove battery packs retail at $15 for a basic oil pen and their prefilled cannabis oil carts cost about $30 -$35.

5) Linx Vapor Pens

Linx Vapor vaporizer pens combine style with thoughtful construction, all for a great price point. Whether you need a dry flower vape, or something to send your concentrates up into vapor, Linx has a pen for you. Über portable, Linx’s pens are constructed with materials that undergo heavy metals testing, which means no matter where you’re hitting, you’re only hitting cannabis – not harmful materials that cheap vapes may also emit in the smoke you’re pulling.

Flower Vape
Flower Vape
Extract Vape
Hypnos Zero
Extract Vape

6) Eureka pen

Eureka makes disposable pens (they also make prefilled oil carts and standard 510 battery base vape pens), available in California and Colorado, and prefilled with 300 mg of vape oil and available in sativa, hybrid or indica vaporizer cartridges. The fastest-growing weed vape pens are disposable wax vapes because they are inexpensive, portable, convenient and so easy to use – most disposable wax pens are buttonless vape pens so all you have to do is draw from the mouthpiece to get some vapor going; when you are done you toss it in the trash and buy a new one. Eureka oil sticks cost about $25 and are good for about 150 hits.

7) Vape Pen Kits with Carrying Case

Companies like O2 offer sleek-looking vape pens for weed complete with carrying cases for your vape pen battery with 510 thread, and compartments to store your prefilled or refillable vape cartidges, the USB charger and AC adapter, as well as a car charger, for about $59.95. Many of the top weed vape brands offer similar high-end kits with travel case options.

(Using a dab rig to vape wax, image from Stoner Girl Daily on Instagram)


There you have it, how to use a vape pen isn’t really overly-complicated, even for cannabis novices! But now you have a thorough overview of marijuana vape pen usage, for dry flower, weed wax or THC oil cartridges. As you learn how to vape weed and gain in experience, you can start with a disposable wax pen and then graduate up to reusable vape sticks, using either prefilled oil cartridges or refillable vape cartridges. While disposable buttonless vape pens are as easy to use as putting your lips on the mouthpiece and drawing the vapor in, how to use a push button vape pen isn’t too difficult to master, and sequences of button clicks can help you adjust the temperature of your leaf, weed wax or hash oil for optimum vaping. We’ve given you some tips on how to turn wax into oil for vape pen, the best temperature to vape weed and even how to fix a vape pen cartridge if your refillable or disposable vape cartridge is not working. Lastly, we ran down some nifty weed vaporizer contraptions for you to consider when you decide how to smoke wax or even dry plant material! We have held your hand a little as you discovered how to use a vape pen for the first time, now it is time to take that knowledge, get yourself your own weed vaporizer and thumb the push button to enjoy some refreshing leaf, dab weed or THC oil vapor – just stay away from the colored vape smoke, not a good idea!

Finally, here is a vid on filling refillable vape cartridges :

Researched and written by David and Leah Kaye Weathers.

If you’re newbie to the wide world of weed and unsure of how to smoke it or to toke it, and if you are wondering how to use a vape pen for the first time, then you have come to the right place; we are here to enlighten you on how to vape weed! Don’t sweat it if you don’t know wax weed from THC cartridges, or if you are

All There is to Know About Smoking Weed out of a Hookah

There are so many different ways to use cannabis and a weed hookah is one of the many ways that most enthusiasts never tried their hand with. Here, you will find everything you could ever need to know about smoking out of a hookah, including what it is, how it works, and more.

What is a hookah?

A hookah, also known as a qalyân, is a tool for smoking and vaporizing dry tobacco and or cannabis. Hookah designs range from single stem to multi-stem, and some include a water basin that cleanses the smoke before it is inhaled. Hookahs are often made of glass or a combination of wood or metal and generally feature more than one mouthpiece, which is what makes them so popular among social smokers.

What is a hookah pen?

A weed hookah pen is a tool that imitates the e-cigarette, using a coil to heat the cannabis until it combusts. They work on the same principles of a regular hookah but are typically designed for only one user at a time. This compact option is becoming popular due to the level of discretion it offers over more traditional versions.

How to use a hookah

Hookahs are traditionally used to smoke shisha, which is a combination of dry tobacco and flavoring. Though the device does a lot of the work for you, it does require some setup to get going. To help you get started, here is a list of easy to follow, step by step instructions on how to use a hookah.

1. Clean it
Even if the hookah is brand new, it’s an excellent idea to give it a good rinse before use, as dust and other particles can settle inside of the tank, and you don’t want to be inhaling anything other than smoke. Dirty hookahs should be thoroughly cleaned between every use to maintain the best functionality and flavor.

2. Add water and ice
Once you are sure the hookah is clean, fill the tank with water approximately 1/3 of the way. Some users enjoy the added cooling benefit of ice, but cold water will work almost as well on its own, so ice is entirely optional. Just ensure that if you do add some frozen water, the level inside of the hookah doesn’t exceed ½ full, otherwise, it will be incredibly hard to draw from.

3. Replace the hookah lid
Now the inside of the device is ready, and you can return the upper piece and the stem by inserting it gently into the vase. Some hookahs just set into place while others screw-on, so look for the presence of threads to know which step is right for you.

4. Check the hose connections
Hookah hoses make it easy to handle such a heavy tool, as it allows for plenty of movement without having to adjust the base in front of each user. Unfortunately, tubes are typically the weak spot of these smoking tools, which is why it is important to check the hose connections before every use.

5. Test airflow
Press your lips to the mouthpiece and take a deep breath. If the draw is slow and easy, then you are set to go, but if you feel that it is difficult, then you might want to remove a small amount of water before proceeding.

6. Fill the bowl with shisha
Stir the package or container of shisha to fluff it up, as the flavor additive tends to make everything stick together, and airflow is necessary for a good and even burn. Once it’s loosened, add some to the hookah bowl ensuring not to pack it full, or you will have trouble with heat distribution, which will adversely impact the burn rate.

7. Cover the bowl in aluminum foil
Use a screen or tinfoil to tightly cover the hookah bowl and seal in the shisha. Those who go with aluminum foil will need to poke holes with a toothpick or other sharp object to allow for airflow.

8. Light the hookah coals
Place the hookah coals on a heat resistant surface, light them up, and wait patiently for them to stop burning. You will know that it is ready whenever the coals emit a bright red and when they no longer shoot sparks.

9. Transfer the hookah coals
Use tongs or heatproof gloves to transfer the coals to just above the bowl, placing them onto the aluminum foil or screen. The idea is to add as many as possible without covering all the essential airholes that help both the air and the heat to travel.

10. Wait a few moments then inhale
It will take a few moments for the coals to work their magic, but in a minute or so, you should be able to take a deep hit of shisha smoke by placing the mouthpiece between your lips and taking a large draw.

Can you put weed in a hookah?

There is no such thing as a weed hookah per se, but dry cannabis can most definitely be put inside of a hookah and smoked just like shisha or tobacco.

How to put weed in a hookah

If you want to turn your device into a weed hookah, the process is quite easy as you don’t have to make any adjustment or alterations to make it happen. All you need is some dry cannabis, and if you like, some straight tobacco or flavored shisha, if those tastes are something you would like to incorporate into the experience. Grind up the herb and mix it, if you like, then add it to the bowl that would normally house the shisha or tobacco.

How to smoke weed out of a hookah

If you thought the process of how to put weed in a hookah was easy, then you are going to love the rest of the process, as smoking cannabis out of a hookah is just as easy as using one with any other combustible. To do so, simply follow the step by step instructions above on how to use a hookah, only instead of shisha or tobacco, add dry cannabis and continue as usual.

Cost of inhaling smoke (long/short term)

Tobacco is full of carcinogens that have been linked to causing cancer and respiratory issues, but smoke from cannabis is slightly different according to research. Much of which has shown that it is possible to experience minor lung irritation or exasperation of preexisting respiratory issues, but the effects are short term and will go away when then consumer stops smoking.

So, while many consumers absolutely love the occasional hookah session with tobacco or shisha, it’s not something that is recommended for anyone who is already experiencing respiratory issues or that has a diagnosis of a condition related to breathing problems.

How it distributes THC into the body

Whenever cannabis is inhaled through a hookah, the cannabinoids, including THC and CBD enter the lungs along with a large cloud. Once there, they are almost immediately absorbed by tiny gas pockets that line the lungs, which offer a direct entry point into the bloodstream. As soon as THC hit the bloodstream the effects will kick in, as the cannabinoids make their way throughout your entire body.


A weed hookah experience is one that can take you on a long journey of total relaxation or lightly soothing, and the results are up to you. Smoking weed through a hookah will provide similar effects to other ways of smoking, and the euphoric sensations can last for anywhere from 2 to 6 hours after a session. The more you smoke, the higher you will feel, but since hookahs do not work well with marijuana concentrates, the potency is relatively tame and suitable for both beginner and experienced consumers.

Health benefits

There is very little scientific research into the health benefits of using a weed hookah, and that is because any kind of smoke inhalation is highly frowned upon by Health Canada and other governing agencies that help to set standards for safety. However, smoking from a hookah at lower temperatures can provide a similar experience to vaping, which is why this method is often viewed to be healthier than smoking.


The problem with hookahs is that they aren’t a standard smoking tool, so finding one that works well, and locating a source for parts, as they will need to be replaced, isn’t always an easy feat. While the experience itself, in many consumers opinions, is well worth it, hookahs are not available in nearly as many places as other cannabis smoking gear like bongs or pipes.

Is smoking weed through a hookah the same as vaping?

Smoking weed through a hookah is often compared to vaping, as the lower temperatures heat the cannabinoids enough to turn them into a low-density cloud of smoke, but it is not the same as vaping. Vaping requires precision and complete control over temperature to avoid combustion altogether, which reduces the level of carcinogens and toxins that are inhaled by the consumer.

Here, you will find everything you could ever need to know about smoking out of a hookah, including what it is, how it works, and more. ]]>


depersonalization and weed

10 Simple Ways to Relieve Depersonalization

Depersonalization Disorder is a persistent feeling of being disconnected from your body and thoughts. It can feel like you’re living in a dream, or looking at yourself from outside your body. The world may feel like it’s flat and unreal, as if it’s in 2D or behind a pane of glass.

Depersonalization Disorder can be an intensely frightening experience. It’s generally brought on by trauma (from violence, abuse, panic attacks) or, as is becoming more common, a bad drug experience. It’s also a surprisingly common condition: It’s estimated that 50% of all people will experience feelings of depersonalization at some point in their lives, and up to 2% of the population of the US and UK may have it as a chronic condition.

As frightening as the condition and its various symptoms are, it’s still based on anxiety and there are ways to alleviate it. The goal is to refocus your mind away from the intrusive thoughts so the brain can lower your anxiety down to normal levels and stop the feelings of depersonalization.

With that in mind, here’s a few practical tips you can use on a daily basis to relieve depersonalization.

  1. Read Aloud. Depersonalization (or DP) is notorious for the intrusive thoughts it causes. Reading aloud is a great way to focus the mind away from these. As this study shows, “Reading aloud (uses) several cognitive processes such as recognition of visually presented words… analysis of the meaning of words, and control of pronunciation.” Basically this means that it keeps your brain really busy! Your concentration becomes intensely focused, making this an excellent exercise for reducing thoughts of anxiety and depersonalization.
  2. Cut out Caffeine. Coffee and soft drinks contain a lot of caffeine, which can push up your anxiety levels and feelings of DP. And coffee consumed later in the day can take hours to wear off, affecting your sleep patterns. It also increases your blood pressure and heart rate and can leave you feeling fatigued once the caffeine leaves your system. If you’re a coffee lover, don’t worry — you can get back to it once you recover. But for the moment, you want your body and brain to be in as calm a state as possible — so cut caffeine out of your diet completely.
  3. Listen to Podcasts and Music. If you have a smartphone, you have access an infinite selection of podcasts. Pick out a few that interest you and keep them with you at all times. Put them on at any quiet moment. Feelings of anxiety and depersonalization tend to worsen when you’re idle and have time to focus on them. So be prepared for any spare time with your earphones and smartphone — while you’re waiting for the bus, walking the dog, wherever. Keep your mind occupied. The same goes for music, put on your favorite albums and sing along!
  4. Avoid Drugs. As the legalization of marijuana continues, more people are turning to it as a way to relax and unwind. But using it with anxiety disorders is not recommended. A bad drug experience can cause paranoia, increased heart rate, disorientation, frightening hallucinations and can actually worsen your depersonalization symptoms. In fact, weed is one of the most common triggers for depersonalization disorder, so using more to try to alleviate it is very risky.
  5. Get Up Early. One of the most important ways to alleviate depersonalization is to re-establish a healthy sleeping pattern, which is often disrupted by the condition. Sleep loss and bad dreams are commonly reported with DP. One very simple way to deal with this is to get up earlier in the morning. With anxiety and DP it can be difficult to get motivated, especially first thing in the morning. But don’t lie around in bed as that will promote negative thoughts. Get up, shower, exercise!
  6. Go to Bed Early When you rise early, your body will naturally start to get tired and slow down at an appropriate time in the evening. Follow your body’s rhythms and go to bed when you feel tired. Don’t stay up watching TV or looking through social media. This will help to re-establish a healthy sleeping pattern, which is crucial to anxiety reduction and your recovery from depersonalization.
  7. Practice Your Hobbies. With depersonalization, you can spend a lot of time worrying about and researching the condition. This can actually be counterproductive because as with any anxiety spectrum disorder, the more time you spend focusing on the condition, the worse it can get. It’s a lot more beneficial to fill your spare time with positive, constructive activities. Play an instrument, learn a language, go to the gym and exercise. These will all help to refocus your mind away from anxious thoughts and alleviate feelings of depersonalization.
  8. Don’t Overreact. With depersonalization, as with any anxiety condition, you‘ll have good days and bad days. The trick is not to overreact to either. If you’re feeling anxious and depersonalized, don’t be disappointed. And if the feelings are lessened or gone altogether, don’t get too excited. Just go about your day as if it didn’t bother you either way. That tells your brain that the anxious feelings are ultimately not important, which is the most effective way to turn off the feelings of anxiety and DP in the long term.
  9. Don’t Avoid Any Activities. Depersonalization can be very frightening, especially when it comes to getting outside the house, traveling etc. These situations can increase anxiety, which in turns aggravates the feelings of DP. It’s vital to remember though that you’re not in danger, and that it’s just a feeling. What’s more important is not to avoid any activity because you may feel anxiety or depersonalization. When you do the activity anyway, it registers in your brain that you were able to complete the task safely, despite the anxious feelings. This is much the same as Exposure Therapy, and is a vital step towards eliminating unwanted anxiety.
  10. Be Social! With DP, as with any anxiety spectrum condition, it can seem particularly tough to get out in the world and spend time with your friends. Depersonalization sufferers often report feeling particularly anxious when talking to others and may have trouble staying focused on conversations. This can seem scary but it only happens because your concentration is temporarily affected by anxious thoughts. It will pass in time. In the meantime it’s really important not to avoid social situations. Spending time with your friends, family and co-workers will help to keep your mind occupied with positive, constructive thoughts.

These simple tips will help to alleviate the day-to-day symptoms of depersonalization and give you a strong groundwork for complete recovery!

Depersonalization Disorder is a persistent feeling of being disconnected from your body and thoughts. It can feel like you're living in a dream, or looking at

Cannabis-Induced Depersonalization-Derealization Disorder

An association between cannabis use and the emergence of psychotic disorders among susceptible individuals is increasingly being described in the medical literature (1). However, little is known about how cannabis use relates to other psychiatric sequelae (2). Moreover, there is a dearth of literature on the clinical characteristics of and risk factors for depersonalization-derealization disorder as precipitated by cannabis use (3).

The principal clinical features of depersonalization-derealization disorder are persistent or recurrent experiences of depersonalization or derealization (4). Depersonalization is a dissociative symptom in which one feels like an outside observer with respect to one’s thoughts, body, and sensations (3). Derealization is marked by feelings of unreality and detachment from one’s surroundings (4), such that one’s environment is experienced as remote or unfamiliar (5). Both symptoms may be a cause of significant distress and functional impairment (4–6).

Transient episodes of depersonalization or derealization have been known to occur across a broad range of psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia (7). However, persons with depersonalization-derealization are distinguished from those with psychotic disorders by the presence of intact reality testing regarding the dissociative disturbance (4). Whereas an individual with schizophrenia may believe that he or she is actually outside of his or her body, persons with depersonalization-derealization are aware that the dissociation is merely an uncanny sensation (5). Persons with depersonalization-derealization do not appear to be at risk for developing psychotic disorders (2, 3).

The lifetime prevalence of depersonalization-derealization disorder is approximately 2% both in the United States and worldwide (4). The average age at onset is 16 years (8), and women and men are equally affected (5). Persons with the disorder may present with comorbid psychiatric disorders, including personality disorders (8). However, it is uncommon for an individual with depersonalization-derealization disorder to have schizotypal or schizoid personality disorder (8). Personality disorders do not appear to predict symptom severity (8).

Several precipitants have been implicated in depersonalization-derealization disorder, including panic attacks (3) and recreational drugs (5). The most common psychoactive drug precipitant of the disorder is cannabis (3, 5). Although depersonalization and derealization symptoms may occur as part of a panic attack (5), persons with depersonalization-derealization disorder continue to experience symptoms following resolution of the panic attack (3). A cognitive model suggests that those predisposed to anxiety may develop fears regarding episodes of depersonalization and derealization (e.g., fear of “going mad”), which may contribute to the emergence of the symptoms following panic attacks or substance intoxication (9).

Cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder has been described in the literature for many years (10, 11). However, this type of dissociative disorder is not typically addressed in contemporary reviews focusing on the implications of cannabis use (2). Here, we examine data on prolonged experiences of depersonalization and derealization following cannabis use to provide insight into the clinical features of and risk factors for cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder.


Some individuals who use cannabis will never experience depersonalization or derealization during or after cannabis use (5). However, depersonalization and derealization remain potential side effects of cannabis (12), of which many clinicians are unaware (5). In general, cannabis-induced symptoms of depersonalization and derealization are time-locked to the period of intoxication, peaking approximately 30 minutes after ingestion and subsiding within 120 minutes of exposure to the drug (12, 13). However, among a subgroup of persons who use cannabis, symptoms of depersonalization or derealization persist for weeks, months, or years (3, 5), even after discontinuation of the substance (2, 11). Those who experience prolonged symptoms may have cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder (2, 10).

The pathogenesis of cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder can be marked by an initial dissociative disturbance with a severity that subsides but later returns in episodes that eventually become chronic (3). In other cases, onset can be more abrupt, with symptoms emerging during intoxication and persisting unremittingly for months or years (5). For other individuals, symptoms do not occur until hours or days following an episode of cannabis use (3).

Risk Factors

Several factors appear to be associated with risk for cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder (see box). Most affected individuals have a prior history of an anxiety disorder (6), such as panic disorder (11) or social phobia (2). Additionally, males (6) and adolescents (2) may be disproportionately affected by cannabis-induced symptoms, perhaps due to the higher rates of cannabis use among these groups (14) or to biological predisposing factors (6). Use of cannabis during periods of marked distress (11) or after exposure to trauma (10) may increase risk for cannabis-induced symptoms. Other risk factors may include sudden withdrawal from regular cannabis use (15), severe intoxication (10), and history of prior cannabis-induced symptoms (3) or prior transient substance-induced symptoms (11).

Risk Factors for Cannabis-Induced Depersonalization-Derealization Disorder a

High-potency cannabis use

Frequent cannabis use

Cannabis use after trauma exposure

Cannabis use under acute distress

Sudden withdrawal from regular cannabis use

Experiences of panic attacks or depersonalization or derealization during intoxication

History of depersonalization or derealization symptoms

History of transient cannabis-induced depersonalization or derealization disorder

History of cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder

History of acute anxiety or panic attacks

History of obsessive thinking

History of sociophobic or avoidant behavior

Family history of depersonalization-derealization disorder

Family history of anxiety disorders or panic attacks

a For further details regarding factors that may be associated with risk for cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder among individuals who received a definitive diagnosis, see Hürlimann et al. (2), Szymanski (10), and Moran (11).

Individuals naive to cannabis or those with little previous exposure to the substance do not appear to be less prone to onset of cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder. Simeon et al. (16) examined 89 individuals who developed prolonged experiences of depersonalization and derealization following cannabis use, 28% of whom disclosed using cannabis between 100 and 500 times prior to symptom onset. Sudden emergence of the disorder among persons who use cannabis regularly may be due to life stressors that increase sensitivity to cannabis and risk for mental disorders. Moran (11) examined individuals who used cannabis regularly while experiencing periods of marked distress, such as divorce. Cannabis use during such periods of distress appears to contribute to symptom onset among individuals with little or no prior exposure (10).

Association With Acute Anxiety

There appears to be a strong relationship between acute anxiety and symptom onset in both cases of cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder (3) and depersonalization-derealization disorder unrelated to drug use (8). Persons who experience prolonged depersonalization-derealization symptoms following cannabis use often report experiencing a panic attack during intoxication (16), which may be due to altered hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning (17). However, the emergence of cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder is not always associated with panic (5), which suggests that cannabis may be a direct cause of symptom onset without mediation of anxiety symptoms (6).

Sierra and Berrios (18) proposed that beyond a specific threshold of anxiety, a “left-sided prefrontal mechanism” inhibits the amygdala and, in turn, the anterior cingulate, leading to blunted autonomic arousal and feelings of detachment from the self. Concurrently, disinhibited amygdala arousal systems may activate the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, thereby inhibiting the anterior cingulate, giving rise to other experiential features of depersonalization-derealization disorder, including mind emptiness and indifference to pain (18). Although patients with depersonalization-derealization disorder often show attenuated autonomic arousal (3), PET imaging data on transient cannabis-induced symptoms do not support this model (13). Elucidating how cannabis may be associated with symptom onset is challenging, given the varying strains of cannabis and chemical compounds that are currently available (19).

While acute anxiety is known to be involved in the emergence of depersonalization-derealization disorder symptoms, less is known about why such symptoms may persist following cannabis use. Rather than a direct pharmacologic effect, persistent symptoms have been thought to be associated with causal attributions and fears regarding an episode of dissociation (20). Some patients have attributed their symptoms to brain damage (11), while others have refused pharmacological intervention due to the fear of such intervention worsening their symptoms (11). In light of the consistent relationship between anxiety and symptoms of depersonalization-derealization disorder (3, 5), it is possible that such beliefs or fears about symptom episodes may perpetuate otherwise transient substance-induced symptoms (20). It would be less likely that prolonged symptoms are due to residual drug effects, given that tetrahydrocannabinol is typically eliminated from the body within a few weeks (2).


We reviewed data on prolonged experiences of depersonalization or derealization following cannabis use to provide insight into the clinical features of and risk factors for cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder. Most risk factors were derived from cases of individuals who received a definitive diagnosis of depersonalization-derealization disorder after using cannabis (2, 10, 11). The most significant risk factor appears to be a history of pathological anxiety (3, 5), which may be contributory to both symptom onset (14) and the persistent nature of the syndrome (20). Anxiety-prone young males who use cannabis may be at ultra-high risk for cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder, particularly when cannabis is used under marked distress.

Depersonalization-derealization disorder has been considered a hardwired coping mechanism through which feelings of unreality and detachment from one’s self and one’s surroundings help one to cope with acute distress (3). Episodes of depersonalization or derealization associated with cannabis use are typically time-locked to the period of intoxication (12). However, in susceptible individuals who use cannabis, “external stressors and intrapsychic factors may contribute to its continued use as a defense mechanism,” as described by Syzmanski (10). Interventions aimed at mitigating anxiety and targeting intrapsychic factors may prove to be useful in treating cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder (20).

Prolonged symptoms following cannabis use have been associated with psychotic syndromes in some case reports (10, 11). However, persons who meet diagnostic criteria for depersonalization-derealization disorder present with intact reality testing and do not have a psychotic disorder (2, 4). Although symptoms of depersonalization-derealization disorder may occur in the prodrome of schizophrenia (3), validated instruments used in the assessment of early- and late-prodromal schizophrenia have not revealed any evidence of risk for psychosis among patients with cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder (2). It is noteworthy that in our review, individuals who did not show signs of prodromal schizophrenia reported experiencing some of the more severe clinical features of depersonalization and derealization, including sensations of physical separation from their bodies and agency (2). Prolonged and severe dissociation following cannabis use may, therefore, not always be an indication of evolving psychosis.

Distinguishing cases of cannabis-induced psychosis from cases of cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder may be critical in guiding appropriate diagnosis and treatment of this distressing dissociative disorder.

Key Points/Clinical Pearls

Cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder is characterized by persistent or recurring episodes of depersonalization or derealization.

Cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder is distinguished from psychotic disorders by the presence of intact reality testing; patients with cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder do not appear to be at risk for developing psychotic disorders.

Symptoms of cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder are typically time-locked to the period of intoxication, although marked anxiety regarding dissociation may contribute to the symptomatic presentation of the disorder.

Active treatment of cannabis-induced depersonalization-derealization disorder should incorporate treatment of patients’ anxiety regarding dissociation symptoms.

The authors thank John G. Keilp, Associate Professor of Clinical Psychology in Psychiatry at Columbia University and Research Scientist at New York State Psychiatric Institute. The authors also thank Peter Gordon, Associate Professor of Neuroscience and Education at Teachers College, Columbia University.

1. Ksir C, Hart CL : Cannabis and psychosis: a critical overview of the relationship . Curr Psychiatry Rep 2016 ; 18(2):12 Crossref , Google Scholar

2. Hürlimann F, Kupferschmid S, Simon AE : Cannabis-induced depersonalization disorder in adolescence . Neuropsychobiology 2012 ; 65(3):141–146 Crossref , Google Scholar

3. Sierra M : Depersonalization: A New Look at a Neglected Syndrome . Cambridge, United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press, 2009 Crossref , Google Scholar

4. American Psychiatric Association : Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , 5th ed. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2013 Crossref , Google Scholar

5. Simeon D, Abugel J : Feeling Unreal: Depersonalization Disorder and the Loss of the Self . New York, Oxford University Press, 2006 Google Scholar

6. Medford N, Baker D, Hunter E, et al. : Chronic depersonalization following illicit drug use: a controlled analysis of 40 cases . Addiction 2003 ; 98(12):1731–1736 Crossref , Google Scholar

7. Hunter ECM, Sierra M, David AS : The epidemiology of depersonalisation and derealisation: a systematic review . Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2004 ; 39(1):9–18 Google Scholar

8. Simeon D, Knutelska M, Nelson D, et al. : Feeling unreal: a depersonalization disorder update of 117 cases . J Clin Psychiatry 2003 ; 64(9):990–997 Crossref , Google Scholar

9. Hunter ECM, Phillips ML, Chalder T, et al. : Depersonalisation disorder: a cognitive-behavioural conceptualisation . Behav Res Ther 2003 ; 41(12):1451–1467 Crossref , Google Scholar

10. Szymanski H : Prolonged depersonalization after marijuana use . Am J Psychiatry 1981 ; 138(2):231–233 Google Scholar

11. Moran C : Depersonalization and agoraphobia associated with marijuana use . Br J Med Psychol 1986 ; 59:187–196 Crossref , Google Scholar

12. Mathew RJ, Wilson WH, Humphreys D, et al. : Depersonalization after marijuana smoking . Biol Psychiatry 1993 ; 33(6):431–441 Crossref , Google Scholar

13. Mathew RJ, Wilson WH, Chiu NY, et al. : Regional cerebral blood flow and depersonalization after tetrahydrocannabinol administration . Acta Psychiatr Scand 1999 ; 100(1):67–75 Crossref , Google Scholar

14. Gunderson EW, Haughey HM, Ait-Daoud N, et al. : A survey of synthetic cannabinoid consumption by current cannabis users . Subst Abuse 2014 ; 35(2):184–189 Crossref , Google Scholar

15. Keshaven MS, Lishman WA : Prolonged depersonalization following cannabis abuse . Br J Addict 1986 ; 81(1):140–142 Crossref , Google Scholar

16. Simeon D, Kozin DS, Segal K, et al. : Is depersonalization disorder initiated by illicit drug use any different? a survey of 394 adults . J Clin Psychiatry 2009 ; 70(10):1358–1364 Crossref , Google Scholar

17. Viveros MP, Marco EM, File SE : Endocannabinoid system and stress and anxiety responses . Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2005 ; 81(2):331–342 Crossref , Google Scholar

18. Sierra M, Berrios GE : Depersonalization: neurobiological perspectives . Biol Psychiatry 1998 ; 44(9):898–908 Crossref , Google Scholar

19. Brunt TM, van Genugten M, Höner-Snoeken K, et al. : Therapeutic satisfaction and subjective effects of different strains of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis . J Clin Psychopharmacol 2014 ; 34(3):344–349 Crossref , Google Scholar

20. Hunter EC, Salkovskis PM, David AS : Attributions, appraisals and attention for symptoms in depersonalisation disorder . Behav Res Ther 2014 ; 53:20–29 Crossref , Google Scholar

Cannabis-Induced Depersonalization-Derealization Disorder An association between cannabis use and the emergence of psychotic disorders among susceptible individuals is increasingly being ]]>


nugsmasher og

Getting Personal With Nugsmasher Home Rosin Presses

The Nugsmasher families of presses are purpose-built machines wholly designed for Rosin extraction. After years of researching and testing, their Rosin experts together with their design and engineering teams have put together an impressive set of features needed for the perfect and consistent extraction process that have earned them one of the most widely recognized positive reputations in the industry.

What is a rosin press anyways?

A rosin press combines both heat and pressure to extract cannabinoids from cannabis flower, hash, or kief. It is a simple method to produce a quality product, within seconds.

The combination of heat and pressure works to create a potent extract—rosin. The resulting concentrate is absent of harmful chemical solvents found as a result of traditional BHO extraction methods.

You may be wondering, if rosin only requires the combination of heat and pressure, then why not opt for the $30 flat iron?

Important factors come into play when considering your extraction method. All of these components are vital for a high-grade product and are maximized with the use of a Nugsmasher rosin press.

If you want to see a wider variety of presses raning from hand-operated to fully-electric industrial solutions check out our “Best Rosin Presses of 2020” guide.

If you’re just looking for something for small scale home/personal use though, the Nugsmasher is the best-selling option on the market.

What is the Best Extraction Temperature?

Temperature is key to making good rosin! A good rule of thumb to remember is:

  • Lower temperatures (190°F- 220°F) = more flavor/terpenes, less yield, end material is more stable (butter-like/honey consistency)
  • Higher temperatures (220°F- 250°F) = less flavor/terpenes, more yield, end material is less stable (sap-like consistency)

The Nugsmasher product line-up offers precise temperature control of the heat plates. Just set your desired temperature and the controllers will bring the plates to temp and keep them consistent throughout your pressing session.

Note that these heated presses are for rosin extraction. For other extracts like full-spectrum live resin you would be starting out with frozen fresh (or cured in some cases) plant material.

Their top plates are thermally isolated. This design minimizes undesired heat transfer away from your pressing area. This helps maintain efficiency as well as maintaining your desired temps on the plates.

What is the Optimal Pressure for Extraction?

While it’s tempting to go out to build or buy a rosin press with the highest capacity, science has shown that higher pressure does not necessarily equate to higher yields. Sometimes the higher pressure can produce less desirable results because the increase in pressure forces less desirable materials such as lipids and other fine particles into your rosin.

To explain it further, flower rosin needs more pressure than kief and hash rosin to squeeze all the juice out. Thus, the ideal pressure range for flower rosin is between 550 – 1,500 PSI at the plate, with maximum quality being on the lower end of that range.

What are the Optimal Pressing Times?

The time it takes to produce rosin varies depending on the material, a strain that you’re using, and if there’s enough pressure. Use the timetable below as a starting point to determine how long you should be pressing based on your starting material.

Material Temperature Time

Flower 190°F-220°F 15-60 seconds

Good Quality Sift/Bubble 150°F-190°F 20-60 seconds

Average to Low-Quality Sift/Bubble 180°F-220°F 20-60 seconds

Which Nugsmasher Press Should You Buy?

There are different types of Nugsmasher rosin presses on the market. Here are a few guiding questions to ask yourself to help you determine which rosin press you should buy:

  • Will you be using this for personal or commercial purposes?
  • How much demand will you need out of this press?
  • How important is space for you?
  • Do you want something portable?
  • Would you mind buying extra accessories for the press? (An air compressor for the Nugsmasher Pro)

Generally, our rule of thumb is first determining your goals/final destination. If you only ever want to extract for a small group of homies, then there is no point in investing in a commercial sized unit.

However, if you are starting a legitimate business and have plans to expand your distribution, then buying a press that you can “grow into” is a better option. This way you avoid multiple transactions (and associated shipping/tax costs) and you don’t have to worry about upgrading.

Also, because of Nugsmasher’s impeccable reputation for quality AND the consistent growth of the extracts industry, it is very easy to recuperate costs if you end up wanting to sell your press in the future.

Without further ado, let’s dive into the extensive world of Nugsmasher rosin presses.

NugSmasher Mini: Best for R&D/Low Volume

The NugSmasher Mini Rosin Press is the smallest rosin extraction system in the Nugsmasher line and is perfect for casual home use.

Key Features:
  • 2 Tons of Pressure
  • Press up to 3.5 Grams of Material Per Press
  • Made from Extremely Rugged Solid Steel
  • Large 2.5″ Aircraft Grade Aluminum Smash Plates
  • 2x 70W Heating Elements that heat up fast and stay hot
  • Temperature Control with Pinpoint Accuracy
  • Circuit Protection for Added Safety
  • Safe & Fast Smash Plate Release Lever
  • Manual Pump Lever
  • Full Manufacturer Backed Lifetime Warranty

The mini press comes in a few cool bundle options, including the “basic bundle“, “essentials bundle“, and “master bundle” and the differences are the accessories that come with it.

If you’ve already been pressing and are just looking to upgrade the press you can also just buy the NugSmasher mini without any added accessories and save a hundred bucks or so.

NugSmasher OG: The “Startup Sized” Press

No other press at this price can handle 14 grams at once. Large 4 by 4-inch plates combined with 12 tons of pressure make the NugSmasher Original the best value rosin extraction system on the market. And it’s not just the cost that’s low: it stands only 17.75 inches tall and 9 inches wide.

That is one key advantage of NugSmasher presses, because of their relatively small footprint, that you can put it anywhere. Plug it in and start pressing right away. Handles any input material with ease. You’ll never be without fresh, pure rosin again.

Key Features:
  • Solid steel construction
  • Fast heat-up time
  • Large 4″ x 4″ smash plates
  • Dual heating elements
  • Accurate temperature control
  • Circuit protection
  • Fast retract plate release
  • Manual pump arm
  • Lifetime warranty

NugSmasher XP: Pint Sized Powerhouse

The NugSmasher XP (Expert Edition) Rosin Extraction System takes the regular NugSmasher to the next level. It also delivers 12 tons of pressure via large 4 x 6-inch pressing plates, but it adds LED illumination to the workspace, 2 additional heating elements, and a pressure gauge.

All of this makes for easier and faster operation and will press up to two 14 gram bags at one time.

Key Features:
  • Solid steel construction
  • Fast heat-up time
  • Large 6″ x 4″ smash plates
  • Quad heating elements
  • Accurate temperature control
  • Accurate pressure gauge
  • LED lights
  • Circuit protection
  • Fast retract plate release
  • Manual pump arm
  • Lifetime warranty

NugSmasher Pro: We’re Growing Fast!

This is the press to take you from home production to commercial operation. You can get started immediately with hand operation, like all the other NugSmasher presses. But the Pro can also operate pneumatically. Or to ramp up production, simply add an air compressor and start churning out product.

The NugSmasher Pro can processes up to 112 grams at once, which is why we named it the “statewide expansion press” because at 112 grams per go, this unit could easily help grow a small garage-based startup into a statewide competitive brand in terms of volume/output potential.

And with three 160 watt heating elements in each plate, the unit is ready to go in as little as 5 to ten minutes. Heat is evenly distributed for consistent rosin extraction throughout the pressing area.

Once you’ve dialed in the perfect pressure, the built-in pressure gauge ensures you hit that same pressure every single time. Process more. Process faster. Produce higher quality rosin.

Key Features:
  • Solid steel construction
  • Fast heat-up time
  • Large 7″ x 10″ smash plates
  • Six heating elements
  • Accurate temperature control
  • Accurate pressure gauge
  • Circuit protection
  • Fast retract plate release
  • Manual pump arm
  • LED lights
  • Lifetime warranty

NugSmasher Touch: The OCD Special

The NugSmasher Touch was designed to make rosin extraction as simple as possible. It features NugSmasher’s all-new Interactive Extraction Brain, a powerful computer with a 5-inch interactive color touchscreen display that will aid you every step of the way.

Wireless connectivity means the whole system will continue to grow with future updates (with amazing new tools on the horizon).

Having a wifi-enabled rosin press is insane and indicative of just how fast this industry is moving as a whole. The touchscreen interface also gives you unprecedented levels of granular control over your pressing PSI, temperature and time, which is why we call this one the “OCD Special” because if you are obsessive compulsive about your rosin, the customizability of your pressing here should strike a cord.

The NugSmasher Touch is manually controlled and delivers 12 tons of pressure. It features a surface area calculator to help you figure out the target pressure and automatic extraction. The large 4 x 6-inch quad-heated pressing plates can process up to two 14 gram bags at once and are also compatible with the 3.5 Gram and 7 Gram bags.

Key Features:
  • Solid steel construction
  • Interactive Extraction Brain
  • 5 Inch Touch LCD Display
  • Large 6″ x 4″ smash plates
  • Quad heating elements
  • Accurate temperature control
  • Extraction timer
  • Surface Area Extraction Calculator
  • Accurate pressure readouts
  • LED lights
  • Fully adjustable settings
  • Quick-start settings
  • Circuit protection
  • Fast retract plate release
  • Manual pump arm
  • Lifetime warranty

Nugsmasher vs Dabpress vs Rosinbomb vs Dulytek: How to Choose

If you’re looking for a new press then you’ve probably heard a lot of chatter over the above mentioned four brands.

Honestly you can’t go wrong with any of them as they all offer quality warranty programs and each have their respective dedicated and loyal fan bases.

A lot of what will ultimately dicate which press you get is budget and then required feature sand then of course, volume/capacity.

For higher volume pressing and more commercial oriented applications we feel Dulytek, Dabpress, Pure Pressure and Sasquash are all great products.

In terms of most-feature-rich press for home/personal use we feel both Nugsmasher and Rosinbomb are both great options.

Unique Selling Features & Advantages of NugSmasher Presses

Below are a few reasons why we think Nugsmasher might just win out as one of the best value-for-dollar options out there:

1. Plug-N-Play Setup & Operation

NugSmasher’s are all Plug-N-Play presses. Simply plug into your power supply and turn unit on and you are ready to start extracting! The Nugsmasher Pro version has a built-in pneumatic function as well.

2. Circuit Protection

NugSmasher’s are well-equipped machines requiring multiple power circuits to make everything run properly.

With safety in mind, their electrical engineers have routed each of the 3 sub-circuits as well as the primary power circuit through high quality, resettable circuit breakers which are neatly mounted to the front panel for easy monitoring and access to reset them if needed.

3. Precise Temperature Controls

NugSmasher offers precise temperature control of the heat plates. Just set your desired temperature and the controllers will bring the plates to temp and keep them consistent throughout your pressing session.

4. Built-In Pressure Gauges

Increase your chances of having repeatable results by ensuring you are pressing the same each time you load your press. The built-in gauge allows you to find the perfect amount of pressure for your material and apply the same amount on your next press with ease. Gauges are only available on Nugsmasher Pro and Nugsmasher XP.

5. Thermally Isolated Heat Plates

The top plates of the Nugsmasher line-up are thermally isolated. This design minimizes undesired heat transfer away from your pressing area. This helps maintain efficiency as well as maintaining your desired temps on the plates.

6. Illuminated Work Area

Both the Nugsmasher PRO and Nugsmasher XP features 2 LED lights focused on the pressing area and have this built-in option standard.

7. Steel and Aluminum Construction

Solid interlocked USA structural steel creates the frame of the Nugsmasher product line-up offering well beyond the individual pressing abilities. Aircraft-grade aluminum is fully CNC machined in-house and is used for the pressing plates.

8. Heaters

NugSmasher’s are equipped with specific purpose designed heat cartridges on each of the top and bottom plates allowing for a quick start-up, more even heat disbursement, and better-maintained target temps throughout your pressing session.

9. Made in the USA

The cannabis industry sets itself apart from other commercially available products in that from the get-go it has always been a very intensely community-driven market.

Probably partially based off it’s previous underground legality status in many states, good cannabis and extract came down to who you knew, not which massive corporate brand marketed the hardest.

For this reason we have to acknowledge and commend NugSmasher on keepng their business USA based, creating domestic jobs in this wonderful green industry. Support USA-made whenever you can!

HerbCEO Conclusion

NugSmasher is to rosin presses as PAX is to vaporizers and yes, you’re sick of hearing it, but what Apple is to the smartphone.

Are their bigger presses out there? Yes. Are there cheaper presses out there? Of course. Are there more high-tech feature-laden presses? Naturally.

However in terms of finding the sweet spot in the value/affordability venn diagram that is also stupid simple to use, NugSmasher strikes a unique balance and that is why it is one of the best selling most trusted brands out there, and also why you keep seeing their units in the background of extracts companies dope Instagram posts 🙂

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The Nugsmasher families of presses are purpose-built machines wholly designed for Rosin extraction. After years of researching and testing, their Rosin experts

NugSmasher OG Original 12 Ton Rosin Press

Finance Your Equipment Purchases in Two Different Ways!

Trimleaf offers two (2) easy interest-free ways for you to finance your equipment purchases from 6 weeks up to 6 months, giving you the flexibility & ability to use your equipment today and worry about paying it later.

Finance with Sezzle

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  • Sign up or login to Sezzle with the bank account you would like to use.
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  • Sezzle will schedule automatic payments over six weeks, interest-free.
  • Pay in four equal instalments every two weeks with zero interest.
  • Sezzle FAQs

    Finance with Splitit

    Finance Your Equipment Purchase with Splitit interest-Free for up to 6 Months


    • Have the entire amount of your purchase available on your card. Currently, only Visa and MasterCard credit cards are eligible (sorry, we do not accept debit cards at this time moment).
    • No credit check required
    • Currently, financing is only available on items below $3,000

    How it works

    1. During checkout, select as your preferred payment method.
    2. Select how many months you’d like to split the payments over; 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6.
    3. Your credit card will be authorized for the entire amount of your order, but only charged for the 1st month’s instalment.
      For example: a $2,400 order using a 6 month instalment plan would be charged $400 on the day the order ships, $400 each following month for the remaining 5 months.

    Splitit FAQs

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    If you find a price lower than ours, we’ll match it! Learn more.

    • Press Type
    • Plate Size
      4″ x 4″
    • Pressure
      12 Tons
    • Squish Capacity
      14 grams
    • Warranty

    NugSmasher OG Original 12 Ton Rosin Press

    The NugSmasher OG is the brand’s first plug ‘n play rosin press and certified bestseller. This manually-controlled rosin extraction machine features 12 tons of pressure and two 4X4 inches heated plates, capable of pressing up to 14 grams of cannabis materials.

    Also featuring Dual Heating Elements and an Accurate Temperature Control, the NugSmasher Original is one compact machine manufactured from solid structural steel. If you’re looking for a reliable rosin press with many positive testimonials from cannabis businesses around the world, the NugSmasher OG is the perfect machine for you.

    The NugSmasher Original is proudly American-made and backed with a lifetime warranty. Just under $1000, this rosin press is one of the best extraction machines to invest your money in, whether you’re a small startup or a growing manufacturer of cannabis products.

    Strong and Durable
    Made out of a solid steel body, the original NugSmasher has been proven to be strong, durable, and capable of outlasting even the busiest production days of businesses everywhere.

    Maximum Production
    This rosin press has large 4”x4” smash plates that allow you to produce rosin extracts in bigger amount so you can maximize productivity and increase the profit of your business.

    Total Guarantee
    The NugSmasher Original comes with a lifetime warranty, safeguarding your investment to last as long as your business can.

    Right Temperature
    With dual heating elements and accurate temperature control, this manual press machine ensures that your hash is squashed at the right temperature to get the best quality of rosin possible.

  • 12 Tons of Pressure
  • 4″ x 4″ Plates
  • Made out of Solid Structural Steel
  • Dual Heating Elements (160W ea)
  • Accurate Temperature Control
  • Circuit Protection
  • Fast Retract Plate Release
  • Manual Pump Arm
  • Made in America
  • Guaranteed for Life

    Eager to press rosin but don’t want to fumble around with all the equipment, tools, and accessories needed to start?

    We carry several bundles for the NugSmasher OG containing all the tools and accessories you’ll ever want & need to help you start creating extracts the moment the NugSmasher OG arrives at your door.

    NugSmasher OG Original 12 ton Manual Rosin Press for sale at Trimleaf. Free shipping & insurance when you order a NugSmasher Original today! ]]>

  • Categories

    is potassium a macronutrient

    Potassium as a Plant Nutrient

    • Arden D. Day
    • Kenneth L. Ludeke


    Potassium is one of the macronutrients and it is an essential element for plant growth and reproduction. Potassium is usually present in plants in quantities larger than any other nutrient except nitrogen. Some plants and plant tissues accumulate relatively large quantities of potassium. Tobacco (Nicotiana tobacum L.) leaves, for example, may contain as much as 8% potassium on a dry weight basis and they may show symptoms of potassium deficient if the content falls below 3%. Although plants are capable of absorbing relatively large quantities of potassium from soils, a deficiency of potassium in soils is not as widespread as a deficiency of nitrogen. Experience in the midwestern USA has shown that nitrogen may be deficient for a number of years before potassium becomes deficient. Then, within a period of a few years, a definite potassium deficiency may develop. The explanation for this behavior appears to be that many soils originally have a large reserve of potassium, from which potassium may be withdrawn at a rate determined, to a large extent, by the plant. The behavior of potassium in this respect is in contrast to the behavior of nitrogen, because the maximum rate of withdrawal of nitrogen from the soil is largely beyond the control of the plant (Black 1957).



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    Potassium is one of the macronutrients and it is an essential element for plant growth and reproduction. Potassium is usually present in plants in quantities larger than any other nutrient except…

    Micronutrients: Potassium

    Every heartbeat, contraction and muscle impulse relies on potassium. The third most-abundant mineral in the human body, potassium is an electrolyte, regulating fluid balance by transferring nutrients and waste in and out of cells.

    Awareness of potassium’s role in health has been heightened by its repeated classification by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans as an under-consumed nutrient. Potassium was declared a “nutrient of public health concern” by the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee because research has associated poor health outcomes, including hypertension and cardiovascular diseases, with low intake. It is estimated that less than 3 percent of the U.S. population achieves potassium intake above the Adequate Intake, or AI. Thus, the new Nutrition Facts label will list potassium and the Daily Reference Value will reflect an increase from 3,500 milligrams to 4,700 milligrams for the percent Daily Value.

    Roles in Health

    Potassium can blunt the effects of dietary sodium and help lower high blood pressure. Reducing hypertension in turn reduces risk of associated diseases such as heart disease, stroke and kidney disease. Highlighting potassium’s health impact, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration authorized the following health claim based on the Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997: “Diets containing foods that are a good source of potassium and low in sodium may reduce the risk of high blood pressure and stroke.”

    Research shows potassium also may play a role in decreasing bone loss and reducing risk of kidney stones.

    Current Recommendations

    The Dietary Reference Intakes for potassium are under review by a scientific expert panel because of potassium’s perceived impact on chronic disease. The current daily AI is 3,000 milligrams for children 1 to 3; 3,800 milligrams for ages 4 to 8; 4,500 milligrams for ages 9 to 13; 4,700 milligrams for ages 14 and older, including pregnant women; and 5,100 milligrams for lactating women.

    These values are based on dietary consumption amounts that were shown to maintain lower blood pressure, reduce risk of kidney stones and possibly minimize bone loss. Excess physical activity, sweating and diarrhea can increase demands for potassium.

    Sources of Potassium

    Potatoes, beans and many fruits and vegetables contain potassium. While milk and bananas contain some potassium, neither is considered a good source, contrary to popular belief (see chart below for other food sources of potassium).

    One of the most-studied evidence-based approaches to helping people consume more potassium is the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, or DASH diet. For the past eight years, U.S. News & World Report ranked DASH “best overall diet” because it contains low-fat or fat-free dairy, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, poultry, beans, seeds, nuts and vegetable oils. DASH also includes foods that are rich in potassium, dietary fiber and nutrients associated with good health and lower blood pressure.

    Food sources Rating
    1 large baked potato (with skin) 1,644mg Excellent
    1 cup canned white beans 1,189mg Excellent
    1 cup sweet potato baked (with skin) 950mg Excellent
    1 cup acorn squash, cooked 896mg Good
    1 cup spinach, cooked 839mg Good
    1 cup avocado, cubed 728mg Good
    1 ⁄4 cup roasted soybeans 632mg Good
    1 cup orange juice 496mg Good

    Signs of Deficiency

    Although low levels of potassium, or hypokalemia, can have serious health consequences, low potassium intake alone rarely causes deficiency in the general, healthy population because kidneys can lower excretion. The most common cause of hypokalemia is excessive losses, including profuse sweating, diarrhea, vomiting and kidney disease. Some diuretics, laxatives, steroids and types of antibiotics also can result in hypokalemia.

    Temporary decreases in serum potassium normally are corrected after eating or drinking electrolytes; however, severe deficiency can be serious. Signs may include extreme fatigue, muscle spasms, weakness, cramping and irregular heartbeat.

    Populations at Risk

    Individuals at risk for hypertension and stroke, including African-Americans, older adults and people with diabetes and kidney disease, may be at risk for potassium deficiency. People with inflammatory bowel disease may have low potassium levels due to increased losses through the intestines.

    Bottom Line

    Potassium is an important nutrient for heart health and the prevention and management of high blood pressure. In addition to recommending mindful sodium consumption, registered dietitian nutritionists should emphasize the importance of potassium for cardiovascular health.

    The third most-abundant mineral in the human body, potassium is an electrolyte, regulating fluid balance by transferring nutrients and waste in and out of cells. ]]>


    big buddha black

    Black Cheese 10 Pack ™

    Big Buddha Black Cheese 10 Pack ™

    • Seeds in Pack: 10
    • Description















    YIELD: INDOORS – 70g + / OUTDOORS – 800g +


    Big Buddha Black Cheese™
    San Fernando Valley (SFV) Black O.G X Big Buddha Cheese Reversed™

    Cheese Seeds

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    Big Buddha Black Cheese™ seeds are created with the original cannabis Big Buddha Cheese™ marijuana gentic seeds crossed with San Fernando Valley Black O.G by breeder Big Buddha Seeds.Indica dominant feminised Black Cheese™ seeds are bred with 100% Pure Cheese™ genetics & San Fernando Valley SFV Black O.G.

    Black or White?

    Documentary. 2006: 3.36 mins

    We asked a list of ‘either/or’ questions to a huge cross section of society, with fascinating results. Will they conform to stereotypes or surprise us with their answers?

    Writer/Director/Producer by Debbie Howard
    DOP – Mark Cohen
    Editor – Jonathan Charles

    Screened at film festivals internationally.


    Won a ‘Special Mention’ for Outstanding Film in Documentary section at Canary Wharf Film Festival, London, 2007
    Nominated for Glimmer Short Film Award – Glimmer Film Festival, Hull 2008
    Nominated for Best Experimental Film – End of the Pier Film Festival, Bognor 2008
    Nominated for Best Short Film – Angel Film Festival, London, 2007

    Screened at film festivals around the world. Featured on BBC Filmnetwork and BBC Big Screen.

    Black or White? Documentary. 2006: 3.36 mins We asked a list of ‘either/or’ questions to a huge cross section of society, with fascinating results. Will they conform to stereotypes or surprise ]]>