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Atrial fibrillation and marijuana smoking

Affiliation

  • 1 Department of Cardiology, University of Ioannina Medical School, Ioannina, Greece. [email protected]
  • PMID: 18031530
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-1241.2007.01505.x

Atrial fibrillation and marijuana smoking

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Authors

Affiliation

  • 1 Department of Cardiology, University of Ioannina Medical School, Ioannina, Greece. [email protected]
  • PMID: 18031530
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-1241.2007.01505.x

Abstract

Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug while its abuse and dependence has an increasing prevalence among the young population. Marijuana smoking affects the circulatory system triggering various cardiovascular events. Of note, recent case reports indicate a possible association with atrial fibrillation (AF). In this article, we provide a brief systematic review of all reported cases implicating marijuana smoking in AF development and we concisely discuss the potential underlying mechanisms as well as the clinical implications of this emerging association.

Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug while its abuse and dependence has an increasing prevalence among the young population. Marijuana smoking affects the circulatory system triggering various cardiovascular events. Of note, recent case reports indicate a possible association with atrial …

[Marijuana smoking and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation]

Affiliation

  • PMID: 15719811

[Marijuana smoking and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation]

  • Search in PubMed
  • Search in NLM Catalog
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Authors

Affiliation

  • PMID: 15719811

Abstract

Introduction: Cannabis is the most widely used illegal drug in Israel, and unlike most of the other illegal drugs, it is common among segments of the population with higher demographic characteristics.

Case report: A healthy 20 year old male patient, with two previous admissions with atrial fibrillation, was admitted to the emergency room with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. The patient presented evidence of cannabis abuse, and no other pathologic cause for atrial fibrillation. Sinus rhythm was restored and the patient was discharged.

Discussion: Cannabis abuse is responsible for a wide range of pathologies, including cognitive impairment, a rise in the prevalence of lung, head and neck tumors, atrial and ventricular arrhythmias, and an increase in the risk of ischemic cardiovascular events.

Conclusions: Cannabis abuse can induce atrial fibrillation in predisposed patients. Good practice may consider the inclusion of cannabis abuse tests in young patients admitted due to atrial fibrillation, and definite medical advice to stop the drug abuse.

Cannabis abuse can induce atrial fibrillation in predisposed patients. Good practice may consider the inclusion of cannabis abuse tests in young patients admitted due to atrial fibrillation, and definite medical advice to stop the drug abuse.